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The Shining

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on 20 June 2013

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Transcript of The Shining

Jack Torrance
- An alcoholic who lost his teaching job at a prep school for assaulting a student. Later accepts a job as a caretaker at the Overlook hotel, hoping to reconnect with his family and continue on writing his play.

Danny Torrance
- Jack's son. He has telepathic ability. He has an imaginary friend called Tony.

- The characters' thoughts are revealed in the novel cleary, by that we understand the characters' behaviours and their decisions

- Jack's mom has to endure his father's beating because of her religion's point of view. She has no voice in the novel.

- The setting and some of the storyline is based on the author's life events.

- Danny's visions, Tony, and the symbol "REDRUM" are not explained until near the end of novel.

Modernism/ Structuralism
- The characters' thoughts break in between paragraphs, interrupting the reading flow of readers.

- Readers are reminded of their real life experience due to the characters and the events that occur in the novel.
ex. abusive relationships in the novel; anger or sympathy for Jack's mom when she is beaten by Jack's father.

1977 modern horror novel
Stephen King

CHARACTERS: The Torrances
Literary Lenses
About the author...
Stephen Edwin King was born in Portland, Maine on September 21, 1947.
After his parents separated, he and his older brother, David, were raised by
his mother. Parts of his childhood were spent in Fort Wayne, Indiana; when Stephen was eleven, his mother brought her children back to Durham, Maine

Stephen attended the grammar school in Durham and then Lisbon Falls High School, graduating in 1966. From his sophomore year at the University of
Maine at Orono, he wrote a weekly column for the school newspaper, The Maine Campus. He was also active in student politics, serving as a member of the Student Senate. He graduated from the University of Maine at Orono in 1970, with a B.A. in English and qualified to teach on the high school level.
A draft board examination post-graduation found him 4-F on grounds of high blood pressure, limited vision, flat feet, and punctured eardrums.

Stephen made his first professional short story sale ("The Glass Floor") to Startling Mystery Stories in 1967. Throughout the early years of his marriage, he continued to sell stories to men's magazines.
In the fall of 1971, Stephen began teaching high school English classes at Hampden Academy, the public high school in Hampden, Maine.
Summer of 1973, Stephen wrote his next-published novel, originally titled "Second Coming" and then "Salem's Lot". During this period, Stephen's mother died of cancer, at the age of 59.
"Carrie" was published in the spring of 1974. That same fall, the Kings left Maine for Boulder, Colorado. They lived there for a little less than a year, during which Stephen wrote "The Shining", set in Colorado. Returning to Maine in the summer of 1975, Stephen finished writing "The Stand". "The Dead Zone" was also written in Bridgton.

Stephen and Tabitha provide scholarships for local high school students and contribute to many other local and national charities.
Stephen is the 2003 recipient of The National Book Foundation Medal for Distinguished Contribution to American Letters.
Historical information
On October 30, 1974, Stephen and Tabitha checked into a resort hotel adjacent to Estes Park, Colorado, called The Stanley Hotel, They almost were not able to check in as the hotel was closing for the off season the next day and the credit card slips had already been packed away.
Stephen and Tabitha were the only two guests in the hotel that night. They checked into room 217 which they found out was said to be haunted. This is where room 217 comes from in the book.
In 1972 King started a novel entitled Darkshine, which was to be about a psychic boy in a psychic amusement park, but the idea never came to fruition and King abandoned the book. During the night at the Stanley, this story came back to him.
Tabitha and Stephen had dinner that evening in the grand dining room, totally alone, with taped orchestral music played in the room. After dinner, Stephen took a walk around the empty hotel. He ended up in the bar and was served drinks by a bartender named Grady.
"That night I dreamed of my three-year-old son running through the corridors, looking back over his shoulder, eyes wide, screaming. He was being chased by a fire-hose. I woke up with a tremendous jerk, sweating all over, within an inch of falling out of bed. I got up, lit a cigarette, sat in a chair looking out the window at the Rockies, and by the time the cigarette was done, I had the bones of the book firmly set in my mind."

The Shining was also heavily influenced by Shirley Jackson's The Haunting of Hill House, Edgar Allan Poe's The Masque of the Red Death and The Fall of the House of Usher, and Robert Marasco's Burnt Offerings. The story has been often compared to Guy de Maupassant's story "The Inn".
The title was inspired by the John Lennon song "Instant Karma!", which contained the line "We all shine on…".
Jack Torrance is an aspiring writer who is attempting to rebuild his marriage and career, both of which have been nearly ruined by two traits inherited from his late father: alcoholism and an explosive temper. Jack's temper ruins his life constantly: broke his son's arm when he was drunk, lost his teaching position at a Vermont prep school after violently assaulted a student for slashing his tires.
He finds a new job opportunity to be the caretaker of the Overlook, an isolated resort in the Colorado Rockies, for the whole winter, while hoping to reconnect with his family and give him inspiration and the peace and quiet to help him write a new play.
During their stay in the Overlook, Jack's five year old son, Danny - who has telepathic ability - is constantly seeing hideous visions that are too terrifying for a boy his age. After many tries, the ghosts of the hotel are still unable to possess Danny, so they possess Jack instead and succeeds because Jack's temper has been getting worse as day passes by, and the ghosts take advantage of it.
The ghosts begin to urge Jack to kill his son and his wife Wendy, Jack tries to resist at first but eventually the hotel gets the hold of him and Jack goes berserk.
During the running and chasing, Danny uses his telepathic ability to connect to Hallorann's mind asking for help.
In the end, the Overlook explodes and Hallorann along with Danny and Wendy escape.

The wasps
- After Jack kills them with the bug bomb, they still come back to life and attack Danny then attack Jack after. Symbolizing the ghosts of the hotel. The ghosts try to possess Danny in the beginning then try to possess Jack after.

The bike
- When Jack and Al are driving home drunk, they hit a child's bicycle on the road, but when they check there was nothing. This implies that they have lost their consciousness due to too much alcohol consumption.

The Masquerade Ball
- "Mask and Unmasking", reveals that the characters of the novel would soon "unmask" and change completely. Jack turns into a murder, Wendy is finally brave enough to go against Jack, Danny no longer clings to Jack and grows to be more mature after the incidents, Tony reveals himself.
The cane
- Jack's father uses his cane to beat up his wife, it is a symbol of Jack's childhood trauma.
- The word "murder" in reverse', also is the opposite meaning of death - life. Tony always says the word REDRUM to Danny but never explains it. Danny later realizes the meaning of it and is able to run away before his father catches him.
Wendy Torrance -
Jack's wife. A strong woman who cares about her family very much. She loves Danny more than anything.
Mark Anthony Torrance
- Jack's abusive, alcoholic father. Jack inherited these traits from him.
CHARACTERS: continue...
- Danny's imaginary friend. He always shows Danny strange things. He reveals himself to Danny near the end of the novel
Dick Hallorann -
The Overlook hotel's chef. He shares the same telepathic ability with Danny.
Wendy's mother -
Wendy has a bad relationship with her, Danny also doesn't like his grandmother.
Al Shockley -
Jack's good friend. He helps Jack gets the job as a caretaker at the Overlook.
Horace Derwent -
The Overlook hotel's owner.

Stuart Ullman -
The Overlook hotel's manager.

Delbert Grady -
The first caretaker of the Overlook hotel. He was also an alcoholic like Jack.

The novel is set in the fall and winter of 1975 at the Overlook hotel.
Room 217
: The scariest room of the hotel. It residents ghosts that can physically attack people.
The Cellar -
Where Jack finds the Overlook's paper history and files, and the problems begin from here.
The Boiler Room
- Contains the boiler that determines the Overlook's life or death.
The Quarters
- The "most peaceful" room of the hotel, where the Torrances stay.
The Equipment Shed
- The room that has both the escaping opportunity (the snowmobile) and the roque mallet Jack uses to attach everyone.
Literary Devices/ Style
The author's use of metaphors and similes are very effective as they make the images inside the novel clearer to the readers, "Consciousness, like the receipts, like autumn aspen leaves, seesawed lazily downward"(328). Personification is used very often in the novel, it creates a creepy atmosphere, as if the objects around the characters are alive, "the low whistle of the wind cranking up to a womanish shriek that made the old hotel rock and groan armingly"(312). Choice of words are very formal, except that the author uses swear words very often, to emphasize the character's rage. The detailed descriptions of the surroundings of the characters also help the readers visualize the situation easily.
Initial scene Ending scene

The initial scene of the novel is when Jack is at his job interview to become the caretaker of the Overlook hotel. He is dressed up nicely with a positive attitude, thinking of the good things that would happen after he is accepted for the job: having good times with his family, be able to work on his play and enjoy his time at the hotel.

The ending scene of the novel is rather tragic, Jack is still possessed by the hotel's ghost and his conscious side is trying hard to resist his desire to murder his family. It is very ironic compared to the initial scene because this is completely opposite with what he was hoping for when he first entered the hotel. He was hoping for happiness and success, but what he gets is to be dead along with nothing accomplished.
Close reading
He hadn't wanted to come here, not after the fire hose. He was scared to come here. He was scared that he had taken the passkey again, disobeying his father.
He had wanted to come here. Curiosity
(killed the cat; satisfaction brought him back)
was like a constant fishhook in his brain, a kind of nagging siren song that would not be appeased. And hadn't Mr. Hallorann said, "I don't think there's anything here that can hurt you"?
(You promised.)
(Promises were made to be broken.)
He jumped at that. It was as if that thought had come from outside, insectile, buzzing, softly cajoling.
(Promises were made to be broken my dear redrum, to be broken, splintered, shattered. hammered apart. FORE!!)
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