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In 1924 Vladimir Lenin passed away, this meant that a leader had to be appointed. In Vladimir Lenin's will he stated that he believed that Leon Trotsky would be the best fit for the role, Lenin also stated in his will that he believed Stalin had too much power in his current position and he should be removed from that position. Rise to Power Cont. After Lenin's death Stalin managed to trick Trotsky into thinking that the funeral was on another day, therefore Trotsky missed Lenin's funeral. This move angered party members as it showed a lack of respect for Lenin. Also to further complicate things Stalin gave himself th title as chief mourner at Lenin's funeral. Stalin also portrayed that he was very close to Lenin. Which he was not. In 1925 Stalin used his power as Secretary - General to pack a Party Meeting with his supporters, who voted to remove Trotsky from all of his posts. Leaving Lenin to become the new leader of the Soviet Union. As new leader of the Soviet Union Stalin wanted Russia to become an industrial super power, even more powerful than the United States, the way he eventually achieved this was through five year plans and collectivisation of farms. Five Year Plans Collectivisation Impact of Industrialisation on Russia Rule by Terror The End is Near #3 - Leon Trotsky One way that Stalin implemented his process of industrialisation of Russia was by making five year plans. Five year plans were production targets set by the goverment for workers to achieve at the end of the five years. The problem was that the targets were very unrealistic. Stalin set 3 five year plans for the Russian people from the mid - 1920's up until the late 1930's. The other way that Stalin implenmented his industrialisation of Russia was through the collectivisation of farms. In Stalin's mind this meant that the farmers, along with new machinery provided to them by the government, would be able to greatly increase their production of crops, this would mean that the Soviet Union could sell the extra crops to other countries and use te profits to build more factories. Stalin's other theory was that if farming meothods improved then less people would be needed to work the land and instead they could move to the city and work in the new factories. Although the problem was that all the machinery given to the farmers did increase production of crops, but, when these machines broke down, having never had them before, the people did not know how to fix them, so they returned to traditional ways of farming by hand, this meant that the productivity dropped. Initially the idea of Industrialisation motivated workers in Russia although this enthusiasm waned in the face of appaling working conditions and unrealistic production targets. By 1929 there was labor unrest, as workers protested against their harsh conditions. The Stalin government responded by taking severe discinplinary action against under performing workers or workers who engaged in sabotage. Stalin's rule over Russia was largely aided by the terror tactics inforced by himself along with his fellow leaders. Joeph Stalin ruled Russia by conducting purges, this meant that anyone who opposed Stalin, or could oppose him, mainly intelectuals, were arrested by the NKVD, who had a quota on how many people they were to arrest each day. This rule of terror by Stalin meant that tere was much fear and suspiscion amongst the Russian people, this is because the NKVD needed no evidence to make to arrest someone. This also made the Russian people very anxious about answering the door at night because it was known that the NKVD would just turn up at night to arrest someone. During his reign Joseph Stalin was very successful at controling the culture, and history, of his country. He did this by controlling the education system. The teaching of history in schools was changed to focuson the importance of Lenin and Stalin. Stalin was also shown to of played a major role in the 1917 Revolution, whereas figuers such as Leon Trotsky. On the 2nd of March 1953, after an all night dinner and show the night before, Joseph Stalin was found in his bedroom at his estate in Kuntsevo, about 15Km from the capital Moscow, lying on the floor. It is believed that he had suffered a massive stroke. 4 days later on the 6th of March 1953 the bedridden Stalin passed away, aged 74. Stalin at age 23 1905 Revolution After what now is known as 'Bloody Sunday' Leon Trotsky returned to Russia is 1905, coming from Kiev. At first Trotsky was printing underground leaflets supporting both the Bolsheviks and the Mensheviks, in these leaflets he pushed a more radical approach towards another revolution. Althugh soon after releasing the leaflets the Mensheviks were betrayed by an undercover NKVD agent and Trotsky was forced to flee to rural Finland. 1917 October Revolution Leon Trotsky was a key player in the October Revolution. Although only just having joined the Bolsheviks Trotsky was already a key leader. Trotsky was a strong supporter of Lenin and played a major role in leading the soviets to power. Civil War After the Revolution Vladimir Lenin appointed Trotsky the Commissar of Foreign Affairs. Trotsky was in this position from after the Revolution up until the Civil War.
At the beggining of the Civil war Leon Trotsky founded the Red Army (Bolsheviks), Trotsky was also the leader of the Red Army. After 2 years of fighting (1918 - 20) Trotsky was successful in leading the Red Army to victory over the White Army, and keeping Russia in Bolshevik control Lenin's Death In 1924 the leader of the Bolsheviks and Communist Russia, Vladimir Lenin, died. This meant that there needed to be a new leader of the Soviets, and according to Lenins' will he believed Trotsky was the man for the job. Although Trotsky was up against who would become one of the most ruthless leaders of all time, Joseph Stalin. Exile to Mexico In 1925 Joseph Stalin abused his power as Secretary-General to pack a ministers meeting with just his supporters, he had one goal, to eliminate the competition for the leader of Communist Russia, and he succeded. In 1925 Leon Trotsky was retired from all his duties and in 1929 was exiled to Mexico, all at the hand of the new leader of Soviet Russia, Joseph Stalin. Exile and Assascination In 1929 Leon Trotsky was exiled to Mexico, where he stayed up until his assacination in 1940. On the 20th of August 1940 Leon Trotsky, while in his home in Mexico, was attacked by an under cover NKVD Agent, Ramon Mercader, who was ordered to assascinate Trotsky by Vladimir Lenin. Although the problem was the blow to Trotskys head did not kill him instantly,this meant that Trotskys' body guards had time to barge in and start whaling on the assasin, almost killing him. Trotsky was then taken to hospital where he was operated on straight away. Trotsky survived for over a day after the attack, but on the 21st of August 1940, Leon Trotsky passed away as a result of severe blood loss and shock. He was 60 years old. And Finally my +1
The Mad Monk...
Grigori Rasputin! Who Was He? Grigori Rasputin, nicknamed 'the mad monk' was Tsar Nicholas II 'Holy Man'. Rasputin was considered a friend by the Tsar,but during WWI while the Tsar was off leading the Russian Army (towards a great defeat at the hands of the Germans) Rasputin became an Tsarina Alexandra's personal advisor. During the war the Russian Duma was concerned at how Rasputin was munipulating the Tsarina (the Tsars' wife) and they believed that he was gaining to much control over Russia. Rasputin's Murder...Eventually On either the 17th of December or the 29th of December Grigori Rasputin died (depending on calendar used). Although this wasn't just a death, Rasputin was killed...eventually. Having decided that Rasputins influence of the Tsarina had become so great that it was know a threat to the empire a group of nobles, led by Felix Lusupov, lured Rasputin to the basement of the Lusupovs' Moika Palace. There Rasputin ate cake which was laden with enough poison to kill 5 men although he didn't die. Becoming unpatient with Rasputin not dying Prince Yusupov had had enough so he decided to go upstairs and consult with the other nobles on whether or not he should end Rasputins' life then and there, the answer was yes. Lusupov then proceeded to go into the basement where he shot Rasputn in the head with a revolver. With the job done the Nobles then left the vicinity of the basement with Rasputin still lying on the floor. Just before they were about to leave, Lusupov decided to go back to the room where Rasputin lay to get a jacket and check on the body... As the party went into the basement to check on the body they noticed something amazing, Rasputin was still alive. As Rasputin struggled to get up he started to try and strangle Lusupov, as the nobles saw this they began firing at Rasputin, amazingly as they moved toward the body they noticed that Rasputin was still alive, so they started clubbing him. After the nobels had bound and wrapped the body in carpet they threw Rasputin into the icy Neva River. A few days later the body was removed from the river and a autopsy was performed. Amazingly the autopsy found that the cause of death was actually drowning, which meant that in actual fact Rasputin was still alive when he was thrown into the river because water was found in his lungs. Industrialiasation Culture Control