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Summary, Conclusions and Recommendations
Transcript of Summary, Conclusions and Recommendations
RECOMMENDATIONS Summary The goals of this study include determining the
socio-demographic profile, physical and psychosocial status of senior citizens; the extent of the implementation of programs and services provided for in RA 7876, RA 9257, and RA 9994.
It also aimed to know if there is significant relationship between the physical and psychosocial status of the elderly and the implementation of government programs and services for the senior citizens, and to identify the problems encountered. It was conducted by surveying the 724 senior citizens in Sultan Kudarat, particularly in the City of Tacurong, Isulan, and President Quirino.
It employed the descriptive nominative research design and used frequency count, percentage distribution, mean, Pearson Product Moment Correlation analysis, and ranking as statistical tools. The hypothesis testing was set at .05 level of significance. Major Findings 1. On the socio-demographic profile of senior citizens 2. On the physical status
of the elderly With the grand mean 3.44, the physical health of the respondents is “often fine” indicating that their senses of hearing, taste and smell are functioning well and that they feel strong enough to perform most of their physical daily routines. 3. On the psychosocial status
of the elderly The psychosocial status of the respondents obtained the overall rating of 3.83, which described as “most of the time”. It shows that social, mental and emotional well being is reflected through having good sense of reality, sharp memory, and stable psychological conditions. 4. On the implementation of
government programs and services The grand mean of 3.61 (Very Satisfactory)
denotes that the respondents are contented
with the local government’s implementation
of the programs or services of RA 7876,
RA 9257, and RA 9994. The senior citizens in the three localities are composed of 484 females (67.13%) and 237 males (32.87%)
Majority of the respondents are married (491 or 68.58%), aged 60 to 64 years old (202 or 27.90%)
Most of them speak Ilocano (341 or 47.36%).
Most of them are college graduates (214 or 29.56%)
(532 or 73.58%) have the Roman Catholic faith.
(359 or 49.72%) worked as farmer.
The respondents mostly earn the monthly income/pension of P 3,000 or less (179 or 24.76%)
(325 or 44.89%) live with their spouse and children. Common illnesses/diseases:
cold and cough (385 or 53.18%)
high blood or hypertension (374 or 51.66%)
arthritis/rheumatism (355 or 49.03%). 5. On the relationship between the
physical and psychosocial status and the implementation of government programs and services for the senior citizens Between the physical status of the elderly and the implementation of the programs/services, the overall computed r and t-ratio are less than the corresponding tabulated values indicating that the negligible relationship is not significant.
When correlated with the psychosocial status,
the implementation of the programs/services
yielded overall computed r and t-ratio that are
greater than the tabulated values
indicating that the negligible
relationship is significant. 6. On the problems encountered
in implementing the programs/services
for the elderly The top three problems encountered by the senior citizens in
Isulan, President Quirino and Tacurong City are:
the discriminatory or limited selection of senior
not receiving additional benefits and privileges
due to them
the long or complicated process before
getting discounts. Conclusions 1. The elderly respondents come from quite
diverse backgrounds. The most participative and cooperative in the study are those that are in their
early stage of senior life since they are the most physically and mentally able to provide responses.
The senior citizens in Sultan Kudarat are also closely attended and well cared for by their family and close relatives, as well as they are not much of a burden
since they are aptly educated, experienced in
various fields and have their regular
pension/income to support
their basic needs. 2. It is common for senior citizens to
experience illnesses or diseases, but most of
their physical, psychological, emotional and
social abilities are well functioning enough
for them to continue doing various activities
in their daily life. 3. The senior citizens are generally
pleased that the government has passed
and implemented three laws concerning
their welfare and development. The
implementation of programs or services
for the elderly is generally suitable to
meet their basic needs and favorable
for them to ease the challenges
brought about by old age. 4. However, statistically, the senior citizens’
self-evaluation of their health status is not
associated to their perceived extent of
implementation of the government programs
or services. The implementation of these
programs or services may not be a major
predictor for the overall well being
of the senior citizens. 5. The respondents have noticed discerning
problems in the implementation of these
programs/services by the local government or
local OSCA and DSWD. Their greatest
concern is about the inequality or uneven
distribution of opportunities
to avail for discounts and free privileges. Recommendations 1. Issues of government capacity and
effectiveness should always be the
concern of the local government
officials to ensure that the welfare
and development of local
senior citizens are
prioritized. 2. The low ratings given by few
respondents are also reflective of
their poor awareness of the coverage of
the benefits and privileges that
they are supposed to receive.
The senior citizens are urged to make
good use of the annual free check up
benefits under the national health
insurance program and free
health services offered by the
local government units
to improve their health
They should also be properly and adequately informed through the assistance of their families and/or relatives, who must also be oriented in what they can do to help taking care of the elderly loved ones. 3. Even though most of them are
retired from their profession,
the senior citizens must be informed
that they can still maintain their
physical and psychosocial well being
and remain productive by engaging in
educational programs. In this way, they
may find opportunities to increase
their own and their family’s
financial resources. 4. The government thru LGU and/or
OSCA and DSWD must strengthen
and enhance the bureaucracy in order for
all senior citizens to have equal chances
to be recipients of all benefits and
privileges due to them. Regular
monitoring of the implementation
of existing policies must also
be conducted. 5.It is proposed that every barangay should have a senior citizens center
so that the senior citizens from far-flung or isolated areas who are very
old or sickly will not have the difficulty to travel very far to the
city/municipal hall. 6. Further studies should be
conducted to have a more
comprehensive analysis on other
factors that will realize the full impact of programs/services for all senior citizens.
Implementation of programs/services for the elderly should be analyzed in other aspects such as their usefulness to the senior society or impact of specific
benefits and privileges to the living conditions of the senior citizens.
Perceptions of other sectors of society such as medical institutions,
families of the elderly people, and the government program
implementers can also be included in future studies. Thank you!