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Forest Biome Presentation

This is for APES.

Andrea Makalinao

on 11 October 2012

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Transcript of Forest Biome Presentation

Forest Biomes by Sarah Shaker and Andrea Makalinao
Period B3 Tropical Rainforests Tropical and Temperate
Deciduous Forests Coniferous Forests Climate Vegetation and Wildlife Human Impact Average temperature: -40 to 20 degrees Celsius
Annual average rainfall: 300mm-900mm Figure #38 Food Web of Coniferous Forest
This food web shows common orgaisms found in Coniferous Forests, their trophic levels, what they consume, and what consumes it. Figure #45 Logging
Because the trees in Coniferous forests are some of the most sought after timber in the world, logging is a major problem. Through logging and deforestation the weather patterns can change because of less evapotranspiration (because of less trees), animals would loose their habitat, and there would be more soil erosion. Human Impact Figure # 33 Acid Rain
Acid rain caused by burning coal and fossil fuels destroys these forests Vegetation Layers of Plant Growth Wildlife Figure #26 The food web of a temperate
deciduous forest, which is most likely located in North America. Climate Average Annual Temperature (Temperate): 10 degrees Celsius
Average Annual Precipitation (Temperate): 750 - 1,500 mm Climate Human Impacts Vegetation and Wildlife Graph #1 Climatogram of Manaus, Brazil
This graph shows the average temperature and rainfall of the Amazon Rainforest found in Manaus, Brazil. Average Temperature: 30-35 degrees Celsius
Average Annual Rainfall:1500mm-2500mm Figure #2 Tioman Island
Taken with Google Earth this image shows a closeup of the rainforest found in Tioman Island. Figure #1 Map of Tropical Rainforests
As seen in the map, tropical rainforests are found around the equatorial zone Figure #3
The food web of a tropical rainforest most likely located in the amazon. Organisms found in Southeast Asia Strangler Figs
Mangrove Forests
Sumatran Rhinocerous
King Cobra Figure #4 Strangler Figs in Action
This picture shows strangler figs "strangling" their host tree. After a while the host tree will die from insufficient sunlight, tough root competition, and strangulation Figure #5 Orangutan in a Durian Tree
Orangutans have adaptions like curved feet, strong arms, and disposable thumbs which help them travel through the rainforest. Figure #6 Mangrove Forests
Mangrove Forests are found on the edge of a coast and give natural services like filtering water and protecting the coast from erosion. The trees there adapted by having tall roots which allow it to keep above the waterline and by having "breathable" roots which help it survive in anaerobic mud. Figure #7 Sumatran Rhinoceros
Scientists estimate that there are only 300 of these rhinoceros alive today, and have classified them as a critically endangered species. Due to poaching and a growing human population, there numbers have declined, and they exist only in small pockets found within the rainforest. Figure #8 Great King Cobra
In order to catch prey, these snackes have adapted toxic venom which paralyzes and kills their prey. Figure #9 The layers of a Tropical Rainforest
Stratification plays a great part in the rainforest, as it allows animals who consume similar things to fill specalized niches which help minimize competition. Figure #11 Deforestation of the Amazon
Even though the soil is extremely nutrient poor, people still clear rainforests with the intent of using the land for agriculture and farming. Figure #12 Trees damaged by Acid Rain
Burning fossil fuels as well as exhaust from cars release nitrous oxide and sulfur dioxide into the air causing acid rain which can kill the trees. Figure #13 Logging
Trees from the rain forest and all over the world are being cut down for timber and paper materials. Figure #14 Palm Oil Plantation
The tropical forests in Indonesia are being transformed into a palm oil plantation Figure #15 Urbanization
Developing countries such as Malaysia, India, and Indonesia with a fast growing population clear the rainforests in their country to build more buildings, houses, etc. to accommodate more people. Figure #16 Joining an Organization
Groups such as World Wide Fund For Nature (WWF) are dedicated to help protecting not only tropical rainforests, but the Earth as a whole, which is being degraded and even destoryed by human actions.
Golden Lion Tamarind Monkey- hunted for fur
Gorilla- Hunting, Mortality by Disease
Bengal Tiger- Poaching, Habitat Loss
Orangutan- Hunting, Habitat Loss
Jaguar- Hunting
Toucans- Habitat Loss, Caught for pets
Hyacinth Macaw- overexploitation, Habitat Loss
Harpy Eagle- Habitat Loss
Poison Dart Frog- Habitat Loss Endangered Species: Graph #4 Climatogram of Fort Resolution, Northwest Canada
Contrary to tropical rainforest, the temperature changes seasonally (short hot summers and long harsh winters) and there is more precipitation during the summer than there is during the winter. Figure #36 World Map of the Location of Coniferous Forests
Coniferous Forests are located in the northern hemisphere in places like Alaska, northern Canada, and Russia. Figure #37 Fort Resolution, Northwest Canada
Taken with Google Earth, it shows a closeup of the Coniferous forests found in Northern Canada. Figure #46 Natural Gas Pipeline in the Coniferous Forests of Siberia, Russia
Coniferous forests contains a lot of oils and natural gasses, and as humans extract them from the ground, they destroy the Coniferous forest in the process Figure #10 Tropical Ash Tree
The tropical Ash Tree is an invasive species found in the rainforests of Hawaii. They're taller than native trees, and will block sunlight from them, causing alot of the Native Hawaiin trees to die form lack of sunlight, which is a big problem. It was introduced by humans to grow as a timber product Works Cited

Acid Rain Trees. Digital image. Tropical-Rainforest-Animals. N.p., n.d. Web. 10 Oct. 2012. <http://www.tropical-rainforest-animals.com/image-files/acidraintrees.jpg>.
Amazon Deforestation. Digital image. Youth-Leader Magazine. N.p., n.d. Web. 10 Oct. 2012. <http://www.indigenous.youth-leader.org/wp-content/uploads/2011/08/amazon_deforestation.jpg>.
Ash Tree. N.d. Photograph. Virginia. Claytonvnps.org. Virginia Native Plant Society, Oct. 2008. Web. 10 Oct. 2012. <http://www.claytonvnps.org/chapter_news/big_tree_drive_gloucester7_21_07_and_6_12_08/ash_w_mary_berg_grp_bydavidgirardlowres.jpg>.
Climatogram. Digital image. Comcast.net. N.p., n.d. Web. 10 Oct. 2012. <http://home.comcast.net/~niral_bhavsar/coniferous/images/climatogram.gif>.
Climatogram of Rainforest. Digital image. BBC.co.uk. British Broadcasting Coorporation, n.d. Web. 9 Oct. 2012. <http://www.bbc.co.uk/schools/gcsebitesize/geography/images/eco_013.gif>.
"Coniferous Forest : Mission: Biomes." NASA Earth Observatory. NASA, n.d. Web. 10 Oct. 2012. <http://earthobservatory.nasa.gov/Experiments/Biome/bioconiferous.php>.
"Deciduous Forest: Animals." Earth Floor: Biomes. Wheeling Jesuit University, n.d. Web. 07 Oct. 2012. <http://www.cotf.edu/etc/modules/msese/earthsysflr/dforcstA.html>.
"Deciduous Forest: Plants." Earth Floor: Biomes. Wheeling Jesuit University, n.d. Web. 07 Oct. 2012. <http://www.cotf.edu/etc/modules/msese/earthsysflr/dforestp.html>.
Ficus Watkinsiana on Syzygium Hemilampra-Iluka. Digital image. Wikipedia Commons. Wikimedia Foundation, n.d. Web. 10 Oct. 2012. <http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/4/46/Ficus_watkinsiana_on_Syzygium_hemilampra-Iluka.jpg>.
"Habitat Awareness Coniferous Forest." Inch in a Pinch. Make Mine Magic Inc., n.d. Web. 10 Oct. 2012. <http://inchinapinch.com/hab_pgs/terres/coniferous/c_forest.htm>.
Hauberg, Lauren. "Tropical Rainforest Biome." : Invasive Species. N.p., Jan. 2011. Web. 10 Oct. 2012. <http://lo2fosho.blogspot.sg/2011/01/invasive-species.html>.
Hyde, Benders E. "Southeast Asian Rainforests." Southeast Asian Rainforests. Blue Planet Biomes, 2002. Web. 10 Oct. 2012. <http://www.blueplanetbiomes.org/se_asian_rnfrst.htm>.
King Cobra India. Digital image. Blogspot. N.p., n.d. Web. 10 Oct. 2012. <http://1.bp.blogspot.com/-dWUjkUK2r-w/TcQMFH5rmXI/AAAAAAAAAuI/5U9sJHy4njc/s1600/king-cobra-india.jpg>.
Mangrove Forests. Digital image. Fl. Flickr, n.d. Web. 10 Oct. 2012. <http://farm6.staticflickr.com/5306/5644425257_e784976387_z.jpg>.
Map of Rainforest. Digital image. Amazon-and-daintree-comparison.wikispaces.com. Wikspaces, n.d. Web. 9 Oct. 2012. <http://amazon-and-daintree-comparison.wikispaces.com/file/view/Rainforest%2520map.jpg/166330957/361x312/Rainforest%2520map.jpg>.
Natural Gas. Digital image. Marxists. N.p., n.d. Web. 10 Oct. 2012. <http://www.marxists.org/history/ussr/art/photography/workers/russia/siberia/taiga/natural-gas.jpg>.
Orangutan and Durian Tree. Digital image. Flickr. Flickr, n.d. Web. 10 Oct. 2012. <http://farm2.static.flickr.com/1177/1213953428_81dc373593.jpg>.
Pate, Emily. "The Problems of the Coniferous Forest." EHow. Demand Media, 29 June 2011. Web. 10 Oct. 2012. <http://www.ehow.com/info_8662790_problems-coniferous-forest.html>.
"Rainforest Animals." Rainforest Animals. The Animal Spot, n.d. Web. 10 Oct. 2012. <http://www.rainforestanimals.net/>.
"Rainforest Biomes." Rainforest Biomes. Blue Planet Biomes, n.d. Web. 10 Oct. 2012. <http://www.blueplanetbiomes.org/rainforest.htm>.
Sandhyarani, Ningthoujam. "Endangered Rainforest Animals." Buzzle.com. Buzzle.com, 29 Aug. 2011. Web. 10 Oct. 2012. <http://www.buzzle.com/articles/endangered-rainforest-animals.html>.
"Temperate Deciduous Forest: Mission: Biomes." Temperate Deciduous Forest: Mission: Biomes. NASA Goddard Space Flight Center, n.d. Web. 07 Oct. 2012 <http://earthobservatory.nasa.go/Experiments/Biome/biotemperate.php>.
Tipling, David. Sumatran Rhinoceros Grazing. Digital image. Arkive.org. Akrive, n.d. Web. 10 Oct. 2012. <http://cdn1.arkive.org/media/45/45C07EF6-9B43-405D-9A39-4F112BEB841C/Presentation.Large/Sumatran-rhinoceros-grazing.jpg>.
"The Tropical Rain Forest." Marietta College. N.p., n.d. Web. 10 Oct. 2012. <http://www.marietta.edu/~biol/biomes/troprain.htm>.
"Zoom Rainforest - Enchanted Learning Software." Zoom Rainforest - Enchanted Learning Software. Enchanted Learning, n.d. Web. 10 Oct. 2012. <http://www.enchantedlearning.com/subjects/rainforest/>. Figure #39 Trees of the Coniferous Forest
Most trees in the Coniferous forests are fir trees and pine trees. The trees there have adapted to the cold weather by using pine needles instead of broad needles. Pine needles have very little sap, and so they don't have to worry much about freezing. Endangered Animals Figure #40 Grizzly Bears
Grizzly bears are a threatened species and listed as endangered in Canada due to human activities like hunting and poaching. Graph #2 Climatogram of Nashville, Tennessee
This graph shows the average precipitation and the average temperature of a temperate deciduous forest in Tennessee. Figure #17 Maryland, USA
This photo was taken with Google Earth
and is a close up of a temperate deciduous forest in
Maryland. Figure #41 Spotted Owls
Spotted Owls are considered threatened in Canada and endangered in America due to loss of habitat by humans cutting down their trees for wood and timber. Figure #16 Map of Temperate Deciduous Forests
As seen in the map, temperate deciduous forests are found in Eastern Asia, Eastern United States and the majority of Europe. Figure #42 Woodland Caribou
Because of logging, exploration of oil and gas, and mining developments their habitats are being degraded and destroyed which is one of the main reasons why these migratory animals are now listed as endangered. Layer 1 - Tall deciduous trees Figure #18 An adult maple tree
Deciduous trees shed their leaves in the fall,
are bare during the winter months and regrow
leaves in the spring. Figure #19 An adult oak tree
This is one of the many varieties of deciduous
trees, a few other examples are hickory, beech
and chestnut trees. Layer 2 - Saplings and shorter trees Layer 3 - Shrubs Layer 4 - Forrest herbs Layer 5 - Mosses and lichens Figure #20 A young chestnut sapling Invasive Species Figure #21 Mountain Laurel
This flowering plant would be found
at the shrub level of temperate deciduous
forests. Figure #22 American Ginseng
This herb grows in temperate deciduous
forests in the United States and is found at the herb level. Figure #43 English Holly
English Holly, native to the British Isles and Northern Europe, form dense layers in some coniferous forests which suppress the germination and growth of native plant species. It also hogs a lot of water which keeps other native plants from getting enough water and nutrient. Figure #23 Forest floor
A shot of the forest floor of a temperate
deciduous forest. The floor typically contains
a lot of the plants in the fifth layer. Figure #44 English Ivy
English Ivy is a type of invasive plant. When it covers the ground it makes it unsuitable for other vegetation to grow there. As a vine, it can completely surround trees and shrubs, making it weak (because of the added weight) and lacking proper sunlight which can ultimately kill it. Endangered Animals Bobcats
Elk Figure #32 An Elk
This animal is usually found in deciduous
forests, though it is close to extinction due
to excessive poaching. Figure #31 A Timberwolf
Timberwolves are usually found in the
deciduous forests of North America and
are almost extinct due to hunting and their threat to human life. Figure #35 Agriculture
Because of the deciduous forest rich soil and ideal temperature (colder than rainforests yet warmer than coniferous forests) it's the perfect place for humans to grow crops on, destroying the forest and the animals within it. Figure #30 A Bobcat
Bobcats are also found in the deciduous
forests of North America and are almost
extinct due to hunting and their threat to
human life. Figure #27 A Raccoon
This generalist species is found all over
the globe and inhabits many deciduous
forests. Figure #34 Development
Development of cities for growing human populations destroys forests. Figure # 28 An Eastern Chipmunk
Eastern Chipmunks inhabit temperate deciduous forests. Figure #29 An American Toad
This amphibian inhabits temperate
deciduous forests in North America. Graph #3 Climatogram of Bangkok, Thailand
This graph illustrates the average monthly rainfall
and the average monthly temperature of a tropical deciduous forest in Thailand. Figure #18 Thailand
This photo was also taken with Google Earth and is a close up of a tropical deciduous forest in Thailand. Figure #24 Moss on trees
The moss on trees is also considered apart of layer 5 even though it is not on the forest floor. Adaptations Adaptations Figure #25 The Agarwood Tree
This is one of many tropical deciduous
trees located in Southeast Asia.
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