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Adrian Lawson

on 25 February 2013

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Austin Saige Barlow :) Gangsters/Prohibition Al Capone Gangster Fashion Al was "Public Enemy Number One". He moved to Chicago in 1920 and worked for the city's leading underworld figure, Johnny Torrio. Capone had to convince people to buy illegal alcohol from Torrio. Torrio was almost killed by a rival gang so he got out of the criminal world while he was still living.
Capone was handed over Torrio's business. Within two years Al was making up to $60 million a year from alcohol sales alone. No matter where he went, he always traveled in an armor plated limousine with armed bodyguards. He was later sent to jail for eleven years due to tax evasion. When he was released from jail he was no longer the feared man he was from 1925-1931. (Prohibition, http://www.historylearningsite.co.uk/prohibition_and_the_gangsters.htm) Origin of Gangster The word "Gangster" started in 1896, and the definition is. "From gang to it's criminal sense." (Gangster, http://www.etymonline.com/index.php?term=gangster)
Gangster wore luxurious tuxes, a nice hat, luxurious accessories, and often at time cigars. (Men's, http://www.1920s-fashion-and-music.com/1930s-Gangster-Suits.html) Gangsters then would wear luxurious suits with nice shoes to go with it. They would also wear a top hat. They all carried guns no matter where they went. Temperance Movements The Temperance Movement blamed alcohol for several things such as illnesses, murders, and crime. It keep husbands from spending the family income on alcohol and prevented accidents when men would drink during lunch break. (Historical, http://history1900s.about.com/od/1920s/p/prohibition.htm) 18th Amendment In 1919 the 18th amendment was ratified and it took full effect on January 16, 1920. The 18th amendment was to prohibit the sale and manufacture of alcohol. (Historical, http://history1900s.about.com/od/1920s/p/prohibition.htm) Repealing the 18th Amendment As soon as the 18th amendment was ratified, organizations were forming immediately to repeal the amendment. The stock market crash that happened in 1929 really helped to repeal this amendment though. Government needed money, people needed jobs, and making it legal would make the government money and also give many more people jobs. (Historical, http://history1900s.about.com/od/1920s/p/prohibition.htm) 21st Amendment December 5, 1933, the 21st amendment was ratified. This amendment made alcohol legal once again. This is the first and only time an amendment has been repealed. (Historical, http://history1900s.about.com/od/1920s/p/prohibition.htm) Loopholes There were many people that had ways of drinking alcohol legally. The 18th amendment said nothing about drinking liquor. Prohibition didn't take full effect until a year after so people started storing alcohol for personal use. The Volstead Act also let people get alcohol if they had been prescribed by a doctor. (Historical, http://history1900s.about.com/od/1920s/p/prohibition.htm) Gangsters and Speakeasies For those people who didn't know a "good" doctor, there were many ways to drink alcohol illegally. The new kind of breed gangsters noticed how much the public wanted liquor. They saw major profit off of this idea. These gangsters would hire men to smuggle rum from the Caribbean or hijack whiskey from Canada. People would buy large quantities from homemade stills. Works Cited Page "Online Etymology Dictionary." Online Etymology Dictionary.
N.p., n.d. Web. 25 Feb. 2013.
"1920s and 1930s Gangster Suits: "Classic" Mens Fashion." 1920s and 1930s Gangster Suits. N.p., n.d. Web. 25 Feb. 2013.
"Prohibition and the Gangsters." Prohibition and the Gangsters. N.p., n.d. Web. 25 Feb. 2013.
Prohibition." About.com 20th Century History. N.p., n.d. Web. 25 Feb. 2013.
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