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Passive Voice

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by

Marina Flores

on 10 November 2014

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Transcript of Passive Voice

Remember:
Passive Voice


Active Voice
What do you see here?
The window is broken
Who broke the window?
Guga broke the window
The first step to use the
passive voice is to distinguish between the subject and the object.
Kevin
,
the penguin,threw
the ball really hard.
Almost all sentences in English contain three
basic elements.

SUBJECT:
who does the action

VERB:

THAT IS THE ACTION

Kevin, the penguin,
threw
the ball really hard.
COMPLEMENT:

THAT SOMETIMES
INCLUDES AN OBJECT.
Kevin, the penguin threw
the ball really hard.
Kevin, the penguin, threw
the ball really hard.
REASON:
The passive is used in order to start the sentence with the topic that is important.
Usually in headlines:

- Trans- Pacific sailing record (is) broken.
- Sales of imported olives (are) banned.
- Lula (should be) mired in mensalao scandal.

USES OF THE PASSIVE

* WHEN THE FOCUS IS
ON THE ACTION
* WHEN THE PERFORMER OF THE ACTION IS NOT KNOWN OR NOT IMPORTANT
(active)

Tom always

chased

Jerry
(passive
)

Jerry

was always chased
by Tom
.
FORM:

(ACTIVE
) SUBJ + VERB + COMPLEMENT
(PASSIVE)
SUBJ

+
TO BE
+ PAST PARTICIPLE+ (BY)

AGENT
VERB TO BE + PAST PARTICIPLE
Change these sentences into the passive
construction. An agent (by) is not requested.
1
) They make shoes in Caxias do Sul.
2)Someone has broken the window.
3) The Queen will open the old people`s home.
4) Someone wrote this book in the 15th century.
5)Emily Bronte wrote Wuthering Heights.
6) You must do this exercise immediately.
7) They are repairing the computers.
8) You can play this game indoors or outdoors.
9) They were laying the tables when we arrived at the restaurant.
10) A friend of mine sang the song.
Infinitive Passives
* Would you like to mention your uncle in the will?
(active)
* Would you like your uncle to be mentioned in your will?
(passive)
How
is the window?
There are common examples of notices
which use the passive:
ENGLISH SPOKEN
CHILDREN UNDER 14 NOT ADMITTED
SECOND-HAND BOOKS BOUGHT AND SOLD.
NO CHANGE GIVEN
Use a
BY
phrase in passive voice sentences when it is important to identify the performer of an action
This dress was designed
by Donatella Versace
. (important)

This bowl was found
by someone
in Costa Rica. (not important)
Full transcript