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Arguments of Fact

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on 5 February 2015

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Transcript of Arguments of Fact

The American Dream
1. Due to the rising rate poverty, is the American Dream still possible to achieve?
Starts with a fact (poverty rates)
Then asks a broader question (existence of American Dream)
Example 1
Factual Arguments in Everyday Life
Super Size Me
Is overeating more unhealthy than dieting?
Park Avenue: Money, Power, and the American Dream
Does everyone have an equal chance at becoming successful?
Establishes whether something is or is not
Controversial argument
Challenges someones beliefs/lifestyle
Argues against inadequate or faulty information
To counterbalance what's mistakenly reported
Motivated by curiosity/suspicion
Report on recent discoveries
Explores new information
By Claire Perliss, Bailey Lanman, Gabby Wong, and Jenna Lewis
Arguments of Fact

How to Write a Factual Argument
1. Identify an issue
2. Research the topic
use books, newspapers, magazines, the Internet, documents, surveys, polls,
make graphs, charts, etc.
3. Form a hypothesis
research your hypothesis
okay to start with an undefined question
state the
, reasons and warrants
4. Give evidence for the claim
Does the evidence provide enough to persuade readers to believe your claim
5. Present your evidence most effectively
match your audience
Considering Design and Visuals
What is a factual argument ?
(Main Points of Chapter)
"How to Silence a Fool Without Saying a Word (VIDEO)." Tent of Abraham. N.p., 07 June 2013.
Web. 29 Jan. 2015. <https://tentofabraham.wordpress.com/2013/06/07/how-to-silence-a-fool-without-saying-a-word-video/>
"Dwight Schrute." Troll Meme Generator YOUR ARGUMENTS ARE BIASED AND LACK
OF FACTUAL BASIS IM RIGHT BEACAUSE I AM Comments. N.p., n.d. Web. 29 Jan.
2015. <http://www.troll.me/2011/07/25/dwight-schrute/your-arguments-are-
"Common Sense Atheism." Common Sense Atheism RSS. N.p., n.d. Web. 29 Jan. 2015. <http:/ commonsenseatheism.com/?p=2214>
"17 Differences in The Mindset of the Rich vs. The Poor | People Connect People .com." People Connect People .com. N.p., 13 July 2013. Web. 29 Jan. 2015.
"Social Psychology of Betrayal: The Difference between Facts & Truth by Dr Matt Ph.D." Social Psychology of Betrayal: The Difference between Facts & Truth by Dr Matt Ph.D. N.p., n.d. Web. 29 Jan. 2015. <http://www.calldrmatt.com/Facts&Truth.htm>
Make sure all of your graphs, surveys, polls, etc are as recent as possible
Example 2
To answer this with a factual argument one would use facts. For example:
Studies show that over 40 million Americans cannot afford to buy a home.
Therefore, the American dream is a myth.
This argument uses a fact and follows with a conclusion based on that fact.
High School

Question: Should homework be limited to one hour for high school students?
Researchers at Stanford say hitting the books for three or more hours a night won’t necessarily make a child perform better in school, but it can make them sick.
Therefore, excessive amounts of homework should be banned.
In this argument a fact was presented and then a logical conclusion drawn.
Visual Arguments of Fact
What not to do....
Because factual arguments rely statistics and evidence that can be measured, computed, or illustrated, sometimes they benefit from artistic presentation in the form of:
"Take the High Road. Digital image. N.p., n.d. Web." http://cdn.meme.am/instances/500x/55462500.jpg
"Super Size Me." Wikipedia. Wikimedia Foundation, n.d. Web. 03 Feb. 2015 <http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Super_Size_Me>
This image shows facts in a visual way, making it more appealing for the audience.
This image shows no facts or statistics and is implying that smoking will kill you.
Digital image. Www.presentation-process.com. N.p., n.d. Web. http://www.presentation-process.com/images/correct-visual-presentation-tobacco.jpg
Smoking Kills. Digital image. Www.10steps.sg. N.p., n.d. Web. <http://10steps.sg/wp-content/uploads/article125/12.jpg>.
"Park Avenue: Money, Power and the American Dream." Top Documentary Films RSS. N.p., n.d. Web. 04 Feb. 2015. <http://topdocumentaryfilms.com/park-avenue-money-power-american-dream/>
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