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Short Story Elements
Transcript of Short Story Elements
Plot includes: exposition, rising action, climax, falling action and resolution...
Some examples are:
is a contrast or discrepancy between what is stated and what is really meant
Two more elements...
By: Brianna Warga
The exposition is a little section at the beginning of the story that introduces some background information that helps the reader understand the story.
This is the series of struggles that builds a story toward its climax. These struggles or conflicts are what creates the rising action.
This is the greatest point of intensity. This is what determines the rest of the story. It is the 'changing everything' moment.
A struggle between two opposing forces...can be internal or external.
Man V.S. Self
This is a conflict inside a character's mind. It is an inner battle of conscience.
An individual's conflict outside of themselves.
-man V.S. nature
-man V.S. man
-man V.S. fate
-man V.S. society
-man V.S. supernatural
Also called the turning point.
This is the 'working out' point in the story. Everything is resolved to reach a solution in the falling action.
Also called the denouement.
This is where the problem is sovled somehow.
It is where the story is brought to a satifactory end.
This is the time and place of the story.
Not only does this create the physical background it helps create the atmosphere.
It can include:
-time(hour/minute, year/month/decade, ect.)
-weather(season, literal weather, ect.)
-places(planets, countries, cities, buildings, homes, stores, ect.)
-anything that helps set the background
The personality of a character, and the means by which the author tells us the personality...
The author lets the reader make their own conclusions.
-by showing a character acting or speaking
-by giving a physical description of the character
-by revealing the characters thoughts
-by revealing what others think or say about the character
The author makes direct comments about:
*used most of the time*
*not used often*
- in a town outside of Paris, 1880
Can be one of these four types:
Static- they remain the same throughout the story
Dynamic- they change importantly some way throughout the story
Rounded- developed character
Flat- undeveloped character
Chief character in a story. We are interested in them with all their flaws.
Character or force that opposes the protaganist, literally wrestles protaganist.
Point of View
Angle or position which story is told from
First Person P.O.V.
always considered limited
through this view the narrarator uses the word "I" throughout the story; talking in their own words
Third Person P.O.V.
omniscient or limited omniscient
all knowing observer, can see into every characters thoughts, actions and feelings
-both men are dynamic characters, they change importantly
-storyteller who shares thoughts with one character or a group of characters, clearly not sharing information about the other characters
main idea or basic meaning of a story
themes are universal truths about life
themes are implied
themes must be a sentence
-Omniscient, can see everything
don't hold a grudge and let go of the past
when the author gives human like qualities to something in-human
example: 'The moon danced around the car.'
when an author compares two things without using like or as
example: 'His eyes were sparkling blue oceans.'
when two contradicting terms are put into one term
example: 'same difference'
when an author compares two thing using like or as
example: 'His eyes were as blue as the ocean.'
use of words to create a certain picture in the reader's mind
if it is effective then the reader will experiance the picture
There is imagery of:
a character ironically gets "what he or she deserved"
"The summer heat weighed upon me as I tossed and turned in the sheets that clung to me with sweat."
example: 'a murderer gets killed in jail by other murderers'
where a writer/speaker says one thing but means another
example: 'After coming in from the rain storm with no umbrella, Betty said "it is such a nice day!"
is where there is a great difference in an expected result and an actual result
example: a stunt double dying from natural causes
the character is completely unaware of something the reader knows
example: In Snow White, we all know you should not let strangers in, let alone take food from them.