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THE FRANKLIN STOVE
Transcript of THE FRANKLIN STOVE
DIAGRAM OF THE FRANKLIN STOVE
The Franklin Stove was created by Benjamin Franklin in 1742. This new stove provided more heat and less smoke than an open fireplace used by most people in colonial America. The Franklin Stove also used less wood than a traditional open fireplace. The new style of the Franklin Stove included a hoodlike enclosure in the front and an airbox in the back. This cast-iron furnace gave off heat from the middle of the room in all directions. The iron walls even absorbed heat so that the room could stay warm even after the fire went out.
By: Percy Edwards
The Franklin Stove
HOW THE STOVE WORKS: Burning wood was placed above a cold air duct to heat the air coming into the stove from the cold room. The heated air then passes through baffles and is released through vents on each side of the stove.
BENEFITS OF THE FRANKLIN STOVE IN COLONIAL TIMES
In colonial America most people warmed their homes by builing a fire in an open fireplace. Sparks from the fire could shoot off into the house. This was kind of dangerous and used a lot of wood. It was safer to use the Franklin Stove. This invention contained the fire in a safer iron casing. It allowed people to warm their homes less dangerously and with less wood.
IMPACT OF THE FRANKLIN STOVE IN THE 21 CENTURY
Although the Franklin Stove decreased the amount of heat wasted and reduced the amount of wood needed to fuel it, colonist still did not use it very much. No one wanted to deal with a stove that was expensive, complex and hard to operate. They also believed that heating the air was unhealthy. Benjamin Franklin's brother in law was only able to sell two stoves in twenty years. However, today almost all wood stoves are called Franklin Stoves. Many of the ideas behind the original Franklin Stove can be found in today's modern stoves.
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