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Surrealism, Nietzche, and Freud
Transcript of Surrealism, Nietzche, and Freud
Perhaps the most recognizable Surrealist art piece made by Salvador Dali features melting clocks and an abstract sleeping human. These surreal elements were originally thought to be an interpretation of Einsteins theory of relativity but Dali simply got the idea from melting cheese.
Style of Surrealism
Surrealism is best described by its goal to "resolve the previously contradictory conditions of dream and reality." Surrealist artists painting strange, illogical scenes with exact detail, created strange creatures from household objects and developed painting techniques for the unconscious.
Famous Surrealist Works
Swans Reflecting Elephants
Like many of Ernst's paintings during his Paris period (1922-1941), Ubu Imperator resembles a collage in painted form. The artist's knowledge of Freudian theories, familiarity with myth and extreme wit are reflected in this early painting, which is now considered proto-Surrealist.
Ernst portrays a vivid creature in a moment of joyous expression, showing no regard for how he may appear. By human standards, he is in some ways horrifying yet fascinating. He embodies movement and attention-getting displays yet cannot avoid aesthetic imperfections that may be perfect for him, but uncomfortable for others.
Surrealism, Nietzsche, and Freud
The Persistance of Memory
Swans reflecting Elephants
First two by Dali.
Second two by Max Ernst
L'Ange du Foyer
This painting is from Dalí's Paranoiac-critical period. Painted using oil on canvas, it contains one of Dalí's famous double images. The double images were a major part of Dalí's "paranoia-critical method." He explained his process as a "spontaneous method of irrational understanding based upon the interpretative critical association of delirious phenomena.
L'Ange du Foyer
Born on May 11th 1904 in Figueres Spain.
Studied art at an academy in Madrid.
Interacted with prominant artists such as Picasso, Magritte, and Miro.
In Paris Dali began his first surreal stage of painting development.
1931 The Persistance of Memory
Painted the Swans Reflecting Elephants in 1937.
The rise of the Fascists in Spain led to his expulsion from the Spanish surrealist movement.
Kept Painting untill his death in 1989
Born is 1891 in Germany.
Painter, Sculptor, Graphic Artist, military cartographer.
Pioneer of the Dada and Surrealist movements.
Born to a middle class german family with 8 other siblings both younger and older.
Max Ernst's desire to paint comes from his father who was an amateur painter.
Studied philosophy, art history, literature, and psychology at the University of Bonn.
Joined a group of Parisian surrealists in 1922.
Through his life he moved to the US then back to France all the while creating mysterious paintings.
1937- l'ange du Foyer
1923- Ubu Imperator
Died April 1976
Surrealism: Surrealist artists painting strange, illogical scenes with exact detail, created strange creatures from household objects and developed painting techniques for the unconscious.
Dali: A spanish surrealists who created the works "The Persistence of Memory" and "Swans reflecting elephants."
Ernst: A german surrealist painter who created the works "Ubu Imperator" and "L'ange du Foyer."
Nietzsche: A german philosopher who praised irrationality and was credited with fulling anarchism in his time period.
Freud: Psychologist who discovered psychoanalysis and based all his studies on the persons unconscious sex drives
Born in Germany in 1844
German author and philosopher
Intellectually glorified irrationality
Attacked Christians and believed the idea of heaven was just a way of coping with the fear of the real world.
He believed that if people overcame their "weakness" (their need for love of others) they became a "superman" and were intellectually stronger than normal humans.
Adolf Hitler used Nietzsche's criticism of "right and wrong" to justify horrific actions.
In 1880 Georg Brandes reformed Nietzsche's ideas into a philosophy called "aristocratic radicalism."
Nietzsche went insane in 1884 when he saw a horse being whipped and tried to save it.
Lossed all mental capabilities and died of brain cancer in 1900.
Born to Jewish parents as the first of 8 children.
Austrian psychologist who founded the psychoanalysis psychological perspective.
Freud's father was a wool merchant so the family struggled financially.
As a child Freud was given special treatment and had a talent in learning many languages.
His psychoanalysis perspective was based on his ideas on the motives of the unconscious.
Freud was infatuated with the idea that everything a human does is based on unconscious sex drives.
Oedipus Complex, ID, Ego, Super-ego, free association.
The idea of unconscious motives is reflected in surrealism as explained in the video.
"Heilbrunn Timeline of Art History." Surrealism. N.p., n.d. Web. 15 Feb. 2014.
"Salvador Dali and Surrealism." Salvador Dali and Surrealism. N.p., n.d. Web. 18 Feb. 2014.
"Click Here to Go to the New Site:." The Perspectives of Nietzsche. N.p., n.d. Web. 17 Feb. 2014.
Cherry, Kendra. "Sigmund Freud - Life, Work and Theories." About.com Psychology. N.p., n.d. Web. 16 Feb. 2014.
"WikiPaintings.org - the Encyclopedia of Painting." WikiPaintings.org - the Encyclopedia of Painting. Wikipedia, n.d. Web. 16 Feb. 2014.