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분사구문

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by

인숙 김

on 26 May 2014

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Transcript of 분사구문

분사구문
분사를 이용하여 부사절을 부사구로 만든 것.
have no money, I can't buy it.
=Having no money, I can't buy it.
1. 시간

While I was
walking on the street, I met an old friend of mine.
=
Walking
~
2. 이유

Because he
was sick, he was absent from school.
=
Being
sick, ~
3. 조건
If you
turn to the right there, you will find the building.
=
Turning
~
4. 양보
Though I
live next to his house, I don't know him.
=
Living
~
5. 계속
The train leaves at six,
and it
arrives at noon.
= ,
arriving
at noon.
6. 동시동작
Saying
"Good bye", he went out of the house.
He went out of the house
as he
said "Good bye".


p.p 로 시작되는 분사구문
(being, having been 생략된 수동의미의 분사구문)
When it
is

seen from the sky, the building
looks
like a matchbox.
=(Being) Seen ~


As it
was
written in plain English, the book
is
easy to read.
=(
Having been
) Written ~


분사구문의 부정
As I
didn't
receive the answer, I
wrote
to him again.
=
Not receiving
~


완료분사구문
As it was written in haste, the book has lots of mistakes.
(Having been) written ~
현재분사 vs 과거분사
1.형태
1). 현재분사: -ing
2). 과거분사: -ed, 불규칙변화 동사의 경우
2. 용법:
명사를 꾸미는 형용사역할
1)( ~ 하고 있는:진행, 능동)
2)( ~ 하여진: 수동, 완료)
위치: 명사 앞, 뒤(구)
1) Look at the
sleeping
baby.
Look at the baby
sleeping over there
.
2) Look at the
broken
window.
Look at the window
broken by Dongsoo
.
Full transcript