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Transcript of Mao Zedong
Born December 26, 1893
His father was a wealthy farmer
He was born in Shaoshan, Hunan Province, China
Died September 9, 1976 of the effects of Parkinson's Diease
The Rise of Totalitarianism
Mao Zedong's Early Political Background
The Working class and peasants supported Mao Zedong.
Mao promised the peasants land of their own, which gained false hope and lies.
Mao used propaganda to start the cultural revolution, he had already been using it for many years. He ''encouraged.'' students to create a revolutionary China.
Young students created "Red Guards." which helped Mao control the youth in china. Many people were eager to learn and believe in Maoism.
Mao killed around 65 million chinese.
Deaths from starvation reached 50% in some chinese villages, the total number of starved people was the population of California.
He made sure any form of scholar was put to death.
How Did He Achieve His Power?
He was an elementary teacher for a short period of time. Soon after, he became a founding member of the Chinese Communist Party.
Mao was elected chairman of the new Jiangxi Soviet.
He created a system of ideology, organization, guerrilla warfare, and rural recruitment that quickly led to a powerful political movement.
In 1945, Mao was selected as the Party's leading political and military strategist.
Mao Zedong liked popular historical novels concerning rebellions and unconventional heroes.
He was taken out of school at age 13 to work on a farm with his father but continued to study on his own. At age 16, he went back to elementary school training in Hunanese capital of Changsha.
At age 25, Mao graduated from Normal School and traveled to Beijing where he involved himself in the intellectual and political activity of the May Fourth Movement.
He received a minor post at the Beijing University Library where he met Dean Chen Duxiu (Ch'en Tu-hsiu) and Librarian Li Dazhao (Li Ta-chao), who later became founders of the Chinese Communist Party (CCP). He soon joined a small group, part of the CCP.
He became a major contributor in the United Front. He was later appointed as head of the KMT (Kuomintang, or Nationalist Party) Peasant Movement Training Institute.
After the April Shanghai coup, him and his Communist comrades were involved with the futile uprisings in southern China.Mao retreated with a small band of followers to Jinggangshan (Chingkangshan), a mountainous, forested region in the southeastern province of Jiangxi (Kiangsi). It was here he faced the reality of rural revolution.
Mao Zedong had a "three worlds theory."
The first world was economic superpowers.
The second world was the lesser powers.
The third world was exploited nations.
Violations against human rights
The Working class and peasants supported Mao because he could ''mold.'' them because they had nothing.
He promised peasants the land reform, that would give them false hope and lies.
Mao used Propaganda to ''inspire.'' students and other followers to make a revolutionary China.
Mao advocated the Socialist Education Movement. The goals of the movement was to ''cleanse.'' politics, economy, organization, and ideology. Where students still attended school, but worked in factories with peasants.
He supported African Americans
He wanted all colors in the world to unite to oppose the racial discrimination practiced by U.S. Imperialism
Total Casualties Caused by Mao Zedong
A Hong Kong- based historian, named Frank Dikötter, found that when Mao was enforcing the Great Leap Forward in 1958, he was responsible for overseeing "one of the worst catastrophes the world has ever known".
Dikötter states that during Mao's rule in 1958-1962, at least 45 million people were worked, starved or beaten to death in China over these four years; the worldwide death toll of the Second World War was 55 million.
A book was created called "Mao's Great Famine."
Stealing a potato, even by a child, would result in being tied up and drowned in a lake.
Others were forced to work naked in the middle of winter.
Elders were starved to death because they weren't "worth while."
Geographical And Political effects
Played a major role in forming the red army
Founder of the CCP (Chinese Communist Party)
Liked by many people
Helped introduce Marxism to the peasants and farmers
Ranked number one most evil dictator
formed a new political idea (Maoism) that stresses peasantry and small-scale industry
Mao Zedong with The Black Panthers
while in power took over part of or the whole countries around China
not very good captions
by Adriauna Peri
by Adriauna Peri
Group Members: Marissa Hill, Bella Camacho, Adriauna Peri, Emily Ling, Faith Norwood, Layla DeHughes
Many historians are claiming that Mao Zedong is the most evil dictator because he is responsible for the most deaths.
As a group, we think that he is the most evil because he was ruthless and let many starve to death.
Mao Zedong was responsible for 45 million deaths in four years.
Although his people considered him to be a god, he did nothing more than kill and ruin lives. Mao was truly an evil person and the people of China didn't deserve what they got.