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English PBL - On Vikram Seth
Transcript of English PBL - On Vikram Seth
Compelling narrative force, strong characterization and ingeniously interrelated plotting give weight to most of his works.
Vikram Seth has great aesthetic value when it comes to picturization. He could take the readers to the beautiful natural world that he described in his works.
In all his works we could clearly see some form of satire present in them. Satire - The art of witty criticism These two elements were present in almost all notable works of Vikram Seth. Like :-
The Tale Of The Melon City
The Golden Gate
A suitable Boy
An Equal Music
A suitable Girl English P.B.L He was born on 20th june 1952 in Kolkata.
His parents are Leila and Prem Seth.
He has a younger brother named Shantum and a younger sister named Aradhana. We can see the element satire being extremely prominent in this poem. This poem was one of the earliest works done by Vikram Seth.
In this poem he criticized the just and placid rulers, in a funny satirical way.
The true purpose of the satirical poem was to induce positive changes in people in the administrative sectors. Self Creation - Hope you like it ;) Smile is like a chime,
it can give anyone a new high
Because it is as good as wine
And one is enough to stop a cry.
Though i like to smile,
i can't do it day and night,
especially when i am surrounded by crocs in the Nile
But i do it every time when i see someone quiet.
If you can smile in the toughest conditions
you have a gift from god for sure
Cause it really take some character
to do something so pure.
If you can see light in dark,
Then take my word nothing can erase your spark Sonnet - Majestic Poetry - By Tanmay Thulkar
Roll.no-24 Vikram Seth's Education Got his primary education at Welham Boy's School.
He did his secondary education at the Doon School, India and Tonbridge School, England.
He then moved on to study English at Oxford but later changed his course to Philosophy, Politics and Economics, studying at Carpus Christi, Oxford.
After leaving Oxford, Seth worked on graduate's degree at Stanford University.
He then went on to study creative writing at Stanford and Classical Chinese poetry at Nanjing University in China. Satire and Poetry were one of the prominent elements in Vikram Seth's works Satire is a genre of literature, and sometimes graphic, which is used to ridicule, ideally with the intent of shaming individuals and society itself into improvement.
Although satire is meant to be funny, its greater purpose is often constructive social criticism.
A common feature of satire is strong irony or sarcasm, parody, exaggeration and comparison.
Satire is nowadays found in many artistic forms of expression, including literature, plays, commentary and music such as lyrics. A sonnet is a form of a poem that originated in Europe. The Sicilian poet Giacomo de lentini is credited with its invention. The Golden Gate The Golden Gate (1986) is the first novel by Vikram Seth.
This strongly underlines the presence of poetry in his works and writings.
The novel is basically a compilation of 590 sonnets, written in rhyme scheme of :-
The central focus of the novel remains th relationships between the central charachters. How their relationships grow, change, break-off and reestablish themselves in varying patterns To see what i meant, by saying a compiled sonnet which formed the novel, here is an extract from the novel - The Golden Gate , By Vikram Seth Also born in 52'
She grew up in Chicago,
Hometown of gangsters, cronies, blues
To the Illinois forests and plains she moves.
There, studied literature and law,
Landscapes, philosophy, played in a band.
Returned to Chi-town in 90's for law
School, leading to hearing word, a job through friends,
For the state, an esteemed but envied attorney.
Determined to find true love and a friend,
She advertised and met "nice men!"
Then Norway called; he is a Nordmann.
She struggles for income there-does her best,
Inspired by nature's beauty and rest. What Is A Sonnet ? The term sonnet derives from the italian word sonetto, meaning "little song". It signifies a poem of fourteen lines that follows a strict rhyme scheme and specific structure. Elements in a Sonnet The sonnet consists of many elements, few Major ones are :- Rhyme Scheme A rhyme scheme is the pattern of rhyme between lines of a poem or song.
The rhyme is generally foremost controlled by the terminal words of every line. Metre of Sonnet In poetry, metre is the basic rhythmic structure of a verse or lines in verse.
It is basically the style of reciting the lines of a verse and the stress pattern variations that you give while reciting them.
Poems with well-defined overall metric pattern often have a few lines that violate that pattern. Types of Metric Variations Volta / Turn A change from one rhyme group to another signifies a change in subject matter. This change is called the volta, or "turn".
The turn is an essential essential element of the sonnet, or perhaps, THE ESSENTIAL ELEMENT. As it gives the final depth to the sonnet. Different Types of Sonnet Italian / Petrarchan Sonnet Written mostly in form of iambic pentameter, although there have been a few tetrameter even hexameter sonnets, as well.
The Italian sonnet is divided into two sections by two different groups of rhyming sounds.
The first 8 lines is called octave and rhymes : abba-abba
The remaining 6 lines is called the sestet and can have either two or three rhyming sounds, arranged in a variety of ways: cdcdcd / cddcdc /cdeced Spenserian Sonnet The Spenserian sonnet was invented by Edmund Spenseras.
No specific metric styles were used in this. Different metric styles have been used in various Spenserian Sonnets
General rhythmic scheme is: ababbcbccdcdee
Here, the "abab" pattern sets up distinct four-line groups, each of which develops a specific idea Shakespearean / The English Sonnet The English sonnet has the simplest and most flexible pattern of all sonnets, consisting of three 3 quatrains(paras) of alternating rhyme and a couplet for the end.
It's general rhyme scheme is:
Its most common form of metric style is iambic. Classical forms of Sonnets Milton! thou shouldst be living at this hour:
England hath need of thee: she is a fen
Of stagnant waters: altar, sword, and pen,
Fireside, the heroic wealth of hall and bower,
Have forfeited their ancient English dower
Of inward happiness. We are selfish men;
Oh! raise us up, return to us again;
And give us manners, virtue, freedom, power.
Thy soul was like a Star, and dwelt apart;
Thou hadst a voice whose sound was like the sea:
Pure as the naked heavens, majestic, free,
So didst thou travel on life's common way,
In cheerful godliness; and yet thy heart
The lowliest duties on herself did lay. Of this World's theatre in which we stay,
My love like the Spectator idly sits,
Beholding me, that all the pageants play,
Disguising diversely my troubled wits.
Sometimes I joy when glad occasion fits,
And mask in mirth like to a Comedy;
Soon after when my joy to sorrow flits,
I wail and make my woes a Tragedy.
Yet she, beholding me with constant eye,
Delights not in my mirth nor rues my smart;
But when I laugh, she mocks: and when I cry
She laughs and hardens evermore her heart.
What then can move her? If nor mirth nor moan,
She is no woman, but a senseless stone. When in disgrace with Fortune and men's eyes,
I all alone beweep my outcast state,
And trouble deaf heaven with my bootless cries,
And look upon myself and curse my fate,
Wishing me like to one more rich in hope,
Featured like him, like him with friends possessed,
Desiring this man's art and that man's scope,
With what I most enjoy contented least,
Yet in these thoughts my self almost despising,
Haply I think on thee, and then my state,
(Like to the lark at break of day arising
From sullen earth) sings hymns at heaven's gate,
For thy sweet love remembered such wealth brings,
That then I scorn to change my state with kings. What Is A Satire ? *Q) Why Does a poet/writer employ satire in his compositions? Illustrate your reasons with instances from the two poems ("The Tale of Melon City" and "The Frog and the Nightingale") The poet employs satire in his compositions to sometimes ad the element of humor. But the truer more deeper reason for him to do so, is to use this witful criticism to induce positive changes in the society and discourage the evil forces in it. According to me, the reason of introduction of satire in his compositions is much deeper.
His motive of introducing satirism in his compositions was not only to criticize the evils of the society, so that they get discouraged to do bad things. Instead, to open the eyes of the public. Show them the reality of the world and encourage them to fight against the evil. Instances from the poems The Tale of Melon City "What he should be as long as he
Leaves us in Peace and Liberty?
The principles of laissez faire
Seem to be well-established there." In these lines he shows how ignorant the people are. They do not even bother about who rules them or who is the administrative power who is controlling them.
They are happy as long as they are getting what they want. The Frog and the Nightingale In this poem he shows, how few people are over-attached to the society.
He shows how some people are like appliances who can be easily controlled by remote controls
He shows the public that how it is bad, and how we should, so called remote-control proof. *Q) Does Vikram Seth impose his view of the world on the readers? Or does he simply question the placidity of the people? No, Vikram Seth does not impose his view of the world on the reader.
Instead he tries to open the eyes of the public and let them see what's happening in the world in their own perspective and let them decide what are the things which need to be improved and changed.
He always, somehow stops himself from being too judgemental. Instead he digs out the facts and evil elements of the society in front of the people and let the people judge it in their own way. 1) Every one thought that Richard was a lucky man, but the truth was that he was poor billionaire. 1. Oxymoron Question Hour The toy T-Rex in the movie Toy Story(left), is copy of T-Rex from the movie Jurassic Park(right) 2. Parody 2. 3. "I've told you a million times to get up early in the morning!!! 3. Hyperbole / exaggeration 4.