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Transcript of The Highwayman
cont. Characters: metaphors/Imagery Setting:
Alliterations/Imagery Formalistic Criticism Literary terms cont. Literary terms used in the poem Our Understanding When Bess heard the dead man say "look for me by moonlight; watch for me by moonlight; i'll come to the by moonlight, though hell should bar the way", this is foreshadowing that the highwayman is going to die. In the beginning there are many alliterations used to set the tone of the poem, for example:
Torrent of darkness wind among the Ghastly trees
Moon was a Ghastly Galleon upon cloudy seas
He'd a French cocked hat on his Forehead
Coat of the Claret velvet, and Breeches of Brown doeskin
Over the Cobbles he Clattered and Clashed in the dark innyard
He Whistled a tune to the Window, and Who should be Waiting there
The road was ribbon of moonlight over the purple moor
Under a jeweled sky
Dark cobbled innyard
Reoccurring theme The Highwayman
French cocked hat on his forehead.
A bunch of lace at his chin.
A coat of claret velvet, breeches of brown doeskin
No wrinkles with boots at his thighs
His pistol butts, his rapier twinkled
Blood red spurs, wine red velvet coat
Black hair, with a red love knot
Tim the Ostler
Eyes of hallows of madness
Moldy hay hair Theme
Love is sacrifice
The poem opens up with metaphors setting the overall mysterious cross-lovers theme. Then again at the end of the poem, it restates the same metaphors to reenforce the same image and tone in the reader's minds. The setting and imagery used in the poem symbolizes that bad things are to come.
When the highwayman says "though hell should bar the way" symbolizes that death would be the only thing keeping him from seeing her again.
When the highwayman leaves Bess, he gallops away Westward and again when he hears the shot he spurs his horse to the west. The sun sets in the West which is another symbol of death. The use of the onomatopoeia at the end of the poem "Tlot-tlot" raises suspense.
The use of alliteration, onomatopoeia, and cacophony in the line "over the cobbles he clattered and clashed in the dark innyard"
Use of repetition for emphasis
With the use of rhyme, repetition, and rhythm, it gives the poem the feel of a horse trot.
In the beginning of both parts of the poem repetition is used in part I with riding-Riding-riding and in part II with marching-Marching-marching. This really enforces the tone and urgency of the poem.
The use of imagery engages the reader's emotion
The imagery used in this poem brings the reader in and makes them fear what is going to happen to the highwayman and Bess.
"Blood-red were his spurs in the golden moon; wine-red was his velvet coat, when they shot him down on the highway, down like a dog on the highway".This example of imagery paints the picture of the highwayman's tragic death. In the beginning of the poem when the highwayman came to see Bess she plaiting a dark red love knot into her long black hair. Dark and black normally symbolize despair and death. Red could symbolize love and death. This shows us that their love was going to die.
Why do you think Bess did what she did?
Could she have used a different method?
What was the main point the author was trying to get across?
Is there any other symbolism that you saw?
What do you think of Tim the Ostler?
If the poem had a different setting would you still have gotten the same effect?
Do you have any questions for us?