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Chapter 10 Lesson 3 The Qin and Han Dynasties
Transcript of Chapter 10 Lesson 3 The Qin and Han Dynasties
The Qin Emperor
During the period of the Warring States, the strong rulers of local states fought one another.
One of these states was called Qin.
The ruler of Qin sent a cavalry to defeat the other states.
To mark a new beginning for China, the Qin ruler declared himself Qin Shihuangdi. "First Qin Emperor"
Emperor Qin Shihuangdi
Building of roads and buildings
Connected the Chang Jiang to central China (canal)
Forced farmers to connect and strengthen the Great Wall.
12:00 o'clock appointment
What are some examples of Qin Shihuangdi's cruelty in ruling his people?
Viewed as cruel.
Aristocrats power was weakened by him.
Scholars hated him for burning books.
Farmers didn't like him for forcing them to work on roads and the Great Wall.
Four years after his death, his dynasty will be overthrown.
Changes to China
If you opposed him he had you punished or killed.
Appointed govt officials
The Han Dynasty
Chinese society had three main classes:
1. landowning aristocrats
2. peasant farmers
Aristocratic families did not own large estates (land) for long. Each aristocrat divided his land among his sons.
Draw a picture representing how land was passed to sons.. to grandsons ....great grandsons.....
You will be given a clock, and allowed 5 minutes to go around the room and write down a name for each of these appointment times: 12:00, 3:00, 6:00, and 9:00.
During today's notes, when prompted, you will go visit your appointment and answer a question or complete an activity.
Liu Bang founded this dynasty.
Threw out the harsh Qin policies.
The Han empire reached its peak under Han Wudi.
Civil Service exams began when he started testing potential govt employees.
The Chinese Empire Grows
Farmers divided land among sons = Tenant farms.
As the empire grew the Han made the country more secure. Wudi's armies drove back the Xiongnu.
An Era of Inventions
Iron drill bits
3:00 o'clock appointment
Why did Han rulers create civil service examinations?
The Silk Road
Buddhism Reaches China
6:00 o'clock appointment
The Chinese encountered many different groups of people on their travels.
Which empire do you think they are describing below?
...people, "who cut their hair short, wear embroidered clothes, and ride in very small chariots."
The Silk Road served as a way to spread knowledge, culture, and religions.
Buddhism spread across the Silk Road from India to China.
Buddhism won few followers at first.
Han Dynasty Collapse
Fell after wars, rebellions, and plots against the emperor.
The emperors who succeeded Han Wudi were weak and dishonest.
Feeling anxious, fearful, and unsafe, many people turned to Buddhist ideas.
Followers of Confucius and Daoists also admired Buddhist ideas.
9:00 o'clock appointment
Chinese families practiced filial piety.
(the responsibility children have to respect, obey, and care for their parents)
Do you think filial piety exists in the same way in our society today? Has it weakened? Should our society try to strengthen it? Explain
Write down three important facts from today's lesson.
Make two connections.
Write one question you still have.