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Canada and the world

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Lena H

on 13 January 2013

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Transcript of Canada and the world

Canada and the world Foreign Relations Relationship to the U.S. Department of Foreign Affairs and International Trade (DFAIT) is responsible for foreign affairs
Prime Minister plays an important role
Foreign aid is delivered through Canadian International Development Agency Stephen Harper John Baird Strategy of the CIDA: meet the Millenium Development Goals of the UN:

1.Eradicating extreme poverty and hunger
2.Achieving universal primary education
3.Promoting gender equality
4.Reducing child mortality rates
5.Improving maternal health
6.Combating HIV, malaria etc.
7.Ensuring environmental sustainability
8.Developing a partnership for development Federalism & Multilateralism Federalism: -foreign policy has a high level of freedom
- provinces have their own Ministry of International Relations
- provinces participate in foreign relations
on their own Multilateralism: - strong supporter of multilateralism, big role in peacekeeping Foreign Relations: Examples Canada-Asia relations
Canada-Caribbean relations
Canada-Latin America relations
Relations with international groups (e.g. NATO, UN…) -economy- 9th largest economy in the world
World leader in mining and the extractive industries
Big role in the energy world: third largest oil reserves in the world, the oil is in the oil sands Role in the World -peacekeeping- Peacekeeping began during the 1st and 2nd World War
1948: supervised cease-fire between Israel and the Arabian neighbours
1956: Lester B. Pearson proposes that UN armies could seperate armies in Egypt peacekeeping is born
Lester B. Pearson is awarded with the Nobel Peace Prize in 1957 Lester B. Pearson in 1957 History Trade Anti-Americanism American Revolution War of 1812 Dominion of Canada Canadian autonomy Americans declared war on Britain
land invasion of Canada
Treaty of Ghent in 1815 in1867 Canada became a self-governing dominion
relationship between Canada and America is tensed Alaska Boundary Alabama Claims 1919 own delegation to the Versailles Peace Talks
1920 take responsibility for its own foreign and military affairs
1927 first ambassador to the US relationship between Canada and US became cordinal debates about free trade since 1866
1911 Reciprocal trade with U.S failed
1970 Nixon Shock
1987 Canada-United States Free Trade Agreement
1994 (NAFTA) U.S. became
Canada's most important trade partner and Canadian economy became dependent on U.S. -peacekeeping 2- Since 1956 Canada has been at the front of peacekeeping operations around the world
Currently Canadian peacekeepers are serving in 14 operations
1988: UN Peacekeeping Forces were awarded with the Nobel Peace Prize Canada supports the US-army
Fighting for freedom not to conquer War in Afghanistan and Korea 1945: charter member of the United Nations
1949: NATO
Diplomatic intermediation between the US and his enemys
1957: State secretary Lester Pearson gets the Nobel Prize for Peace In Meantime Canada supports Britain
330.000 Canadians were figthing voluntary
Francocanadians were against the compulsory military service
Independent political system World War I "In those few minutes I witnessed the birth of a nation."
BGen A.E. Ross. The French constructed many forts
1683: war between Britain and France
France overtook the direct leadership of New-France Battles of New-France 1640 – 1701
The French wanted to make money with the skins of beavers
The iroqouis needet the skins for making their living
→ attacked Montreal
250 - 300 Frenchmen died Beaver Wars Involvement
in Wars Canadians fought in Italy, Hongkong and Northwest-Europe
Royal Canadian Air Force (RCAF), Royal Canadian Navy
21.06.1940: National Resources Mobilization Act
27.04.1942: plebiscite
1944: the first conscripts World War II 1812 – 1813
American – British War
America wants to annex Canada - expansion
The British empire defends Canadian areas
Americans first superior but in the end either surrendered or been killed The Invasion of Canada Beaver Wars
King William's War
Dummer's War
French and Indian War
American Civil War
War of 1812
World War I and II
Wars in Korea/Vietnam/Afghanistan/ Iraq/Lybia Canadas involvement in wars Foreign Relations Canada's Involvement in Wars Role in the World Relationship to the U.S. Nixon Shock 1971 American revolutionaries hoped for aid
invasion of Canada
most remained neutral and some joined the British effort
The American invasion was a fiasco and Britain tightened its grip on its northern possessions Canada and the United States are extremely similar countries, which causes discomfort to Canadians who want their nation to be notably different
judging and teasing forms a central part of the Canadian identity
culture and politics tend to emphasize the ways in which Canada is "better" than the United States Politics History Pop Culture by-product of the American Revolution
exodus of loyalists to Canada
anti-Americanism a sort of Canadian founding creed
ignored or taken for granted by American politicians
"American-style" as an insult supports stereotypes
American TV important for the Canadian indification process Structure Sources http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Foreign_relations_of_Canada http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Economy_of_Canada
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Canada%E2%80%93United_States_relations
http://www.international.gc.ca/international/index.aspx?view=d
http://www.thecanadaguide.com/anti-americanism
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