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Personality Disorders

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by

Nicole Reyes

on 4 February 2014

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Transcript of Personality Disorders

1. Suffering

2. Self Destructive

3. Salient Behavior

4. Illogical Behavior

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What does it mean to be
Personality Disorders
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III. Sociocultural Viewpoint
by Nicole and Nyonni Reyes Galzote
NORMAL?
Do I look
normal to you?
NORMS
ENVIRONMENT
Geography
Culture
Society
Individual
According to the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders
(DSM-IV-TR)

PERSONALITY DISORDER
are

long lasting patterns
of
perceiving
relating to and thinking about the
environment and oneself

that can cause a significant functional
impairment.
CLASSIFYING
DISORDERS

NOTE:
The are many psychiatric disorders that people can suffer from.


It’s important to correctly classify them.
For appropriate and effective treatment.
Common Characteristics of a Personality Disorder

pain, depression and anxiety
unusual, against norms, stands out
extremely unusual, extremely questionable, and stupid
VIEW POINTS
Mental illnesses are treated often depends upon one’s point of view.
I. Biological
Viewpoint
Abnormality in the body, especially the brain
II. Psychodynamic Viewpoint
Repressed emotions, the subconscious
Sigmund Freud
IV. Humanistic
Viewpoint
Inability to become self actualizing.
SOCIETY
V. Learning Viewpoint
Past Experience
Acquired through conditioning
by Nicole and Nyonni
PERSONALITY
DISORDERS
Person
ACTING

DIFFERENTLY
from the
SOCIAL NORM
that causes
SERIOUS PROBLEMS
with
SOCIALIZING
or day-to-day skills.
PARANOID personality disorder
Hard to
TRUST
. Believing to use you or take advantage.
Hard to
CONFIDE
even friends.
Look signs of
BETRAYAL
or
HOSTILITY
in others.
Partner is
UNFAITHFUL
, with no evidence.
Read
THREATS
and
DANGER
that others don’t see.
SCHIZOID personality disorder
SCHIZOID personality disorder
SCHIZOTYPAL personality disorder
UNINTERESTED
in forming
CLOSE RELATIONSHIPS
even family.
Relationships interfere with
FREEDOM
and cause
PROBLEMS
.
Want to be
ALONE
.
Want to live
WITHOUT INTERFERENCE
from others.
Get
LITTLE PLEASURE
from life.
Little interest in
SEX
or intimacy.
EMOTIONALLY COLD
towards others.
Making
CLOSE RELATIONSHIPS
is
VERY
difficult.
THINK
and
EXPRESS

oddly
. Uses unusual words or phrases.
ECCENTRIC BEHAVIOR
.
Believed you can read minds or have
SPECIAL POWERS
.
ANXIOUS
and
TENSE
with others who don't have these beliefs
and in social situations.
ANTISOCIAL PERSONALITY DISORDER (ASPD)
Act
IMPULSIVELY
and
RECKLESSLY
. They don't consider consequences of self and others.
Behave
DANGEROUSLY
and sometimes illegally.
UNPLEASANT BEHAVIOR
.
Put
NEEDS ABOVE OTHERS
.They do things even
hurt others to get what they want.
NO GUILT
.
IRRITABLE
and
AGGRESSIVE
. Get into fights easily.
Easily
BORED.
OPPORTUNISM.
CRIMINAL RECORD.
Had diagnosis of
CONDUCT DISORDER
before 15 years old.
BORDERLINE PERSONALITY
DISORDER
(BPD)
No strong sense of
WHO YOU REALLY ARE
and describes you as
VERY CHANGEABLE
.
MOOD SWINGS
. Switching from one intense emotion to another very quickly, often with angry outbursts.
Brief
PSYCHOTIC EPISODES.
Hears voices or
see things.
Do things on
IMPULSE
and regret later.
Episodes of
HARMING
oneself or suicide.
History of stormy or
BROKEN RELATIONSHIPS
.
Fear of being
ALONE
tend to hold on
to
VERY DAMAGING RELATIONSHIP
.
EMOTIONALLY UNSTABLE PERSONALITY DISORDER
EMOTIONAL
INSTABILITY DISORDER
or
HISTRIONIC Personality Disorder
Very uncomfortable if not the
CENTER OF ATTENTION
.
More at ease as the
LIFE
and
SOUL
of the party.
They have to
ENTERTAIN
people.
Flirt or
BEHAVE PROVOCATIVELY
to ensure they remain center of attention.
Get a
REPUTATION
for being dramatic and overemotional.
Dependent on
APPROVAL
of others.
Easily
INFLUENCED
.
NARCISSISTIC personality disorder
AVOIDANT(anxious) personality disorder
DEPENDENT personality disorder
OBSESSIVE- COMPULSIVE
PERSONALITY DISORDER
(OCPD)
You are
DIFFERENT
,
BETTER
or more
DESERVING
than others.
Fragile

SELF-ESTEEM
.
UPSET
if ignored and didn’t give
what you deserve.
RESENT
other's successes.
Put
NEEDS ABOVE OTHERS
and demand they do too.
SELFISH
and above yourself.
Took
ADVANTAGE
of others.
Difficulty to
HOLD DOWN A JOB
for long.
Avoid
WORK
or
SOCIAL ACTIVITIES
due to fear of rejection, disapproval and criticism.
VERY SENSITIVE
.
Worry a lot about being
FOUND OUT
and
REJECTED
.
Worry about being
RIDICULED
or
SHAMED BY OTHERS
.
LONELY
,
ISOLATED
and
INFERIOR
to others.
Reluctant to try
NEW ACTIVITIES
in case you embarrass yourself.
Unable to
FUNCTION
properly without help.
Allow others to assume
RESPONSIBILITY
for your life.
Likes to avoid being
ALONE
or lose
OTHER'S SUPPORT
.
Afraid of
BEING LEFT
to fend for yourself.
LOW SELF -CONFIDENCE.
Others are more
CAPABLE
than you.
Too
SUBMISSIVE
and
PASSIVE
.
Everything is in
ORDER
and
UNDER CONTROL
.
Set unrealistically
HIGH STANDARDS
for self and others.
Yours is the
BEST
way of making things happen.
Worry if you or others might make
MISTAKES
.
Expect
CATASTROPHES
if things aren’t perfect.
Reluctant to
SPEND MONEY
on self or others.
Tend to
KEEP ITEMS
with no value.
NOTE
:
OCPD
is separate from obsessive compulsive disorder (
OCD
), which describes a form of
BEHAVIOR
rather than a type of
PERSONALITY.

THE END
THE END
Psychological
Disorders
Personality
Disorders
So what is the difference between Psychological Disorders and Personality Disorders?
REMEMBER!
Schizoi
D
:
D
istant
Schizo
T
ypal :
Magical
T
hinking
CLUSTER A: ODD
Paranoid
Schizoid
Schizotypal
Eccentric
Delusions
Social Withdrawal
Emotional Withdrawal
CLUSTER B:
DRAMATIC
N
O
T
E
Schizoi
D
:
D
istant
Anti
social :
Against
Antisocial
Borderline
Histrionic
Narcissistic
Dissociation
Exaggeration
Malingering
Denial
Common Misconception
Schizotypal
MAY
develop into
Schizophrenia
CLUSTER C: Anxious
Avoidant
Dependent
OCPD
Loneliness, fearfulness, controlling
Schizoid vs Avoidant
S
C
hizoid:
C
old
A
voidant:
A
fraid
Full transcript