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What does Literature mean ?
Transcript of What does Literature mean ?
What is the purpose of literature ?
"to please and to instruct; to seduce and to educate; to entertain and to teach"
To express emotions or ideas.
(Short stories- Novels)
The History of literature
a piece of narrative that is limited in scope.
Elements of a short story:
Point of View.
Style, tone and language.
Symbol, allegory and myth.
The way in which a story's events are arranged.
Stages of Plot
the point of greatest tension.
Deus ex Machina
(literally "god out of a machine") The phrase describes an artificial, or improbable, character, device, or event introduced suddenly in a work of fiction or drama to resolve a situation or untangle a plot (such as an angel suddenly appearing to solve problems). The term is a negative one, and it often implies a lack of skill on the part of the writer."
A plot has a conflict (or many conflicts).
it refers to the struggle between opposite forces. (Protagonist and Antagonist).
the main character.
the force that the main character struggles with (a character- event- nature- protagonist's mind.
Order and sequence:
refers to presenting each events in which it actually takes a place.
starting in the middle of the story then going back in time to explain the story's events.
remember in earlier event.
event, character or object that hints at things to come.
is a fictional representation of a person.
Round character Vs. Flat character
Does not change
are supportive characters used to highlight the main character by presenting a contrast with him/her.
are easily identified characters.
Characters are moved by
the reason behind a character's behavior.
the location in where the story takes a place (it could be real or imaginative).
Point of View:
the vantage point from which events are told.
"All stories are told by a
The narrator is
If the narrator of a story has the same beliefs/ideas of the writer, the term
Persona literally means "mask"
Types of point of view
(They are both unreliable, subjective & create irony)
(They are both objective)
a discrepancy between what is said and what the readers believe.
occurs when the character perceives less than the readers do.
occurs when what happens is the opposite of what the readers expected.
occurs when the character says one thing but actually means another thing.
a narrator who all-knowing.
is a narrator that focuses only on a sing character's experience.
the way in which a writer uses language.
the attitude of the narrator or writer toward the subject matter.
words and phrases that describes what is seen, smelled, tasted or touched.
is comparing two things without using "such" and "like".
is comparing two things with using "such" and "like".
is giving an object human's characteristics.
is referring to familiar historical, cultural, literary texts or figures.
is exaggeration (is giving a character or event more than it deserves).
is giving a character or event less than it deserves.
Figures of Speech:
is a person, object, action, place or event that has a complex meaning in addition to its literal meaning.
is a story with two parallel levels of meanings.
is a story that is central to a culture.
the central idea of a literary work.