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Tangshan

Earth Science
by

E H

on 8 October 2012

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Transcript of Tangshan

Tangshan, Hebei, China, Asia
"The Brave City of China" The Great Quake of 1976 Fast Facts - Tangshan was completely rebuilt to be earthquake-resistant and eco-friendly Reconstruction & Renovation - 7.5-magnitude on the Richter scale - An estimated 750,000 people died Bibliography - 7.1-magnitude aftershock Tangshan, China "Tangshan". Encyclopædia Britannica. Encyclopædia Britannica Online.
Encyclopædia Britannica Inc., 2012. Web. 07 Oct. 2012
<http://www.britannica.com/EBchecked/topic/582404/Tangshan>.
(BOTH IMAGE AND INFORMATION USED) "Affordable Houses and Redeveloped Homes in Hebei Reach 204,300 Units." Affordable Houses and Redeveloped Homes in Hebei Reach 204,300 Units. China Daily, 31 July 2008. Web. 06 Oct. 2012. <http://www.chinadaily.com.cn/m/hebei/2012-08/15/content_15678493.htm>.
(INFORMATION USED) - Large coal industry (since 1879) - Believe(d) that "the Year of the Dragon" (Chinese zodiac/calendar) is bad luck - Most houses were made of cement and were only one story tall - Now, most of the standing buildings in the city are modern and made to be highly earthquake-resistant - Several different industries (steel EARTHQUAKE!!! - 3:42 AM: The earthquake begins a) It is raining, and, to escape the chill, many travelers sleep inside the train station b) The heavy concrete roofs of the buildings break and fall on occupants and the heavy brick walls fall c) Mining buildings collapse, killing miners inside - Families arranged to provide support and stability (marriages of convenience) Aftermath - In 1976, its population was 1.6 million people - 7.1-magnitude aftershock - Many living in temporary shelters with light, paper roofs to avoid a repeat of the earthquake's devastation - By 3:44 AM, the earthquake is over. What Daily Telegraph reporter Graham Earnshaw calls "the biggest natural disaster of the century" lasted only, at most, 16 seconds. The Facts And the "I-Don't-Know's" - Tangshan is located on the Eurasian Plate - The Tangshan earthquake was caused by the Tangshan fault (a strike-slip fault in the Cangdong fault system) - There were known disturbances on the Yan Shan belt - The uplifting of the southern coastal part of the Yan Shan belt eventually spread to the Beijing-Tangshan area - Fault lines are surrounded by parks - Gigantic new apartment structures house thousands of people each - Tangshan's economy was able to return to post-earthquake condition -Tangshan has branched out into industries other than coal mining, adding competition to the global market - There is a history of strong seismic activity in northern China (with several violent earthquakes in past centuries) - Tangshan is where the Yan Shan belt and Cangdong fault system meet - There are no confirmed global effects of the quake 唐山大地震的珍貴視頻 The Tangshan Great Earthquake 1976. Dir. Chrisyang001. N.d. YouTube. YouTube, 17 June 2008. Web. 07 Oct. 2012. <http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=shAqeHVD7Og>.
(VIDEO USED) Earnshaw, Graham. "Remembering the Tangshan Earthquake of 1976." Daily Telegraph 2 Nov. 1983: n. pag. Danwei. Danwei, 13 May 2008. Web. 07 Oct. 2012. <http://www.danwei.org/the_earnshaw_vault/remembering_the_tangshan_earth.php>
(INFORMATION AND IMAGE USED) "Tangshan earthquake of 1976". Encyclopædia Britannica. Encyclopædia Britannica Online.
Encyclopædia Britannica Inc., 2012. Web. 07 Oct. 2012
<http://www.britannica.com/EBchecked/topic/1421138/Tangshan-earthquake-of-1976>.
(INFORMATION USED) "1976: Chinese Earthquake Kills Hundreds of Thousands." BBC News. BBC, 28 July 1976. Web. 07 Oct. 2012. <http://news.bbc.co.uk/onthisday/hi/dates/stories/july/28/newsid_4132000/4132109.stm>.
(INFORMATION USED) "China Marks Tangshan Earthquake." BBC News. BBC, 28 July 2006. Web. 08 Oct. 2012. <http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/asia-pacific/5221296.stm>.
(INFORMATION USED) United States. Geographical Survey. Hazards Mission Area. Earthquake Information Bulletin. By Wang Fang. Vol. 11. N.p.: n.p., 1979. Historic Earthquakes. United States Geological Survey, 18 July 2012. Web. 08 Oct. 2012. <http://earthquake.usgs.gov/earthquakes/world/events/1976_07_27_eib.php>.
(INFORMATION USED) Regents Earth Sceince. March 2005. Web. 07 Oct. 2012
http://www.regentsearthscience.com/tsunami/plates.gif
(IMAGE USED) "Famous Earthquakes in History." Find Facts on Earthquakes. Earthquakefacts.net, n.d. Web. 07 Oct. 2012. <http://earthquakefacts.net/Earthquake-History.html>.
(INFORMATION USED) "China's Great Quake of 1976." Find Facts on Earthquakes. Earthquakefacts.net, n.d. Web. 07 Oct. 2012. <http://earthquakefacts.net/China-Earthquake.html>.
(INFORMATION USED) - There are no known global benefits of the earthquake
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