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Ancient Egyptian Architecture

History Project
by

Claire Schmittinger

on 9 October 2012

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Transcript of Ancient Egyptian Architecture

Claire Schmittinger Ancient Egyptian Architecture Pyramids One of the most famous structures in all of Egypt is the Pyramid Pyramids are still one of history's best achievements The first pyramid was built at saqqara for King Zoser This was the first type of pyramid and is called the step pyramid Tombs Before the first pyramids, The Kings were buried in Tombs The tomb had two parts: the chapel and the crypt The chapel had a false door which was a symbol linking the living with the dead
There was a carved image of the owner in the rear
There was a burial shaft below the ground that led to the actual crypt
The burial shaft was surrounded by snares, booby traps, and false galleries
The crypt was decorated with carvings and wall paintings Statues and Monuments They can look like an animal, a king, an bird, or even a mixture The best known stone figure is the sphinx The sphinx is a mixture. It has the head of a king that is wearing a headcloth, and it has the body of a lion Early Development The ancient Egyptian architectural style began to develop around 4000 B.C. Function The function of most ancient Egyptian architecture was for religion and burial Architecture also came from the need for stability in stone walls Architectural Style Statues of Pharaohs and gods in temples were very prominent in ancient Egyptian architecture Thick, sloping walls were a requirement for stability purposes Stone columns were another aspect of ancient Egyptian architecture Closely spaced, massive stone lintels were another prominent piece of ancient Egyptian architecture Large doors and windows were not possible with stone construction, so the openings in buildings were small Materials Building stones were used in monumental buildings Wood was rarely used as a building material because there were no natural sources of wood in Egypt Sun dried bricks were used extensively in small buildings Techniques The construction method was post and lintel They didn't use anything to paste the stones together, so the stones had to be cut to fit precisely together They used ramps so that the workmen could carry the stones to the tops of the structures
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