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Transcript of Nutrition
NUTRITION, PHYSICAL ACTIVITY AND WEIGHT MANAGEMENT
Nutrition and physical activity are
the two main contributing factors to
healthy weight management.
What is nutrition?
NUTRITION FOR HEALTH AND PHYSICAL ACTIVITY
Nutrition has an impact on our health and physical
activity performance. Specific groups of people have varying nutritional requirements depending on age, gender, physical activity, pregnancy and weight management needs. It can be confusing to know what is good for you in terms of health nutrition.
Health Year 7
Young People Should
• Enjoy a wide variety of nutritious foods
• Eat plenty of vegetables, legumes and fruits
• Eat plenty of wholegrain cereals, breads, rice, pasta and noodles
• Include lean meat, fish, poultry and or alternatives
• Include milks, yoghurts, cheese and or alternatives
• Drink plenty of water
• Limit saturated fat and moderate total fat intake
• Choose foods low in salt
• Consume only moderate amounts of sugars and foods containing added sugars
The 5 Groups
This Task can be found
on compass as a learning task.
There are six food nutrients that the body
requires for optimal health, functioning and
also energy in some cases.
How do you make sure
that the main nutrients are
part of your everyday diet?
But what is a serve???
Balanced food Diet
1,Breads and Cereals
4, Meat and Protein Products
With a paper plate you are
going to be creating your
own healthy eating wheel.
Use pictures cut out from
food magazines to
If the correct energy balance is maintained, weight management becomes simple. If your energy intake is higher than your energy output
(If you eat more than you exercise), you will gain weight
If your energy intake is lower than your energy output (If you eat less than what you exercise), you will lose weight.
many serves a
day of each
someone your age
should be consuming
Food Group card activity.
In small groups place the foods into the food groups we discussed last session.
The word carb is short for
carbohydrate, which is a
component of food containing
starches and sugars that is used
mainly for energy in the body.
Best food sources: Breads,
cereals, pasta, rice and
This Task can be found on compass
Protein is a nutrient that builds, repairs and maintains body cells. Proteins are found in animal products and some plants, such as beans. Protein is essential for the body as it provides some amino acids that the body cannot manufacture itself. Protein should make up to 15% of your total kilojoule intake each day.
Best food sources: Meat, fish, dairy, eggs, nuts and protein-specific sports drinks.
Fat is a nutrient that helps the growth
and repair of cells, and provides energy to the body. Fats are found in animal products and some plant products, such as nuts and vegetable oils. No more than 25% of the total kilojoules consumed each day should be from fats.
Best food sources: Meat, dairy products and oils (olive, palm, vegetable, peanut, flaxseed).
Vitamins are nutrients that assist
in the growth and repair of body cells and include vitamin A (retinol), B1 (thiamine), B2 (riboflavin), B6 (pyridoxine), B12 (cobalmin), C (ascorbic acid), D, E (tocopherol), K, biotin, niacin, pantothenic acid and folate.
Best food sources: Fruit, vegetables, lean meat, fish, dairy, cereals and eggs.
Minerals are nutrients that regulate the activities
of cells and include calcium, phosphorus, magnesium, sodium, potassium, iron and zinc.
Best food sources: Fruit, vegetables, dairy, lean meat and fish.
Water is the nutrient most needed by the body as over half of our body weight is made up of water. Water carries nutrients to the cells, helps flush out waste materials and assists in regulating body temperature.
Best food sources: Plain water is the ideal source. Other drinks can assist in increasing fluid intake.
Reading food label quiz
Is food necessary for health and growth
Provides us with the energy needed to
Good nutrition means getting the right amount of nutrients from healthy foods in the right combinations.
Nutrition is just one key to developing and maintaining good health. Good health is defined as a state of complete physical, mental and social well-being — a healthy mind, body, and spirit
What do you know about nutrition?
To obtain the energy needed to survive,
grow and function properly
To obtain the nutrients needed to survive, grow and function properly
Why is food Important?
This can be found under resources
Food Grouping game
choices and associated
What health risks can we think of in regards to
-Heart disease and stroke
-High blood pressure
-Type 2 Diabetes
-Gallbladder disease and gallstones
-Osteoarthritis (Weak/brittle bones)
-Gout (Disease that effects your joints)
-Breathing problems, such as sleep apnea (when a person stops breathing for short episodes during sleep) and asthma
Some Health problems include:
Sugar Measuring Activity
What do we know
write the following into your books
o Sugar is a simple form of
carbohydrate, which comes from
the sugar cane plant
o It comes in various forms – raw,
brown, caster and icing etc., and is
commonly used in cooking, baking
There is no denying it is pleasurable to taste, however the effects on the body are important to note, especially when you eat too much of it (and regularly). More research is being conducted to inform us on the physical and mental health effects, which include:
o Excessive consumption can cause tooth decay
o Increased risk of dementia
o Increased risk of weight gain and obesity
o Impairs mental functioning and concentration
o Spikes in insulin, which affects your pancreas’ ability to produce it properly
o Increased thirst
o Tiredness and lethargy
o Needing more sugar, and more regularly for the same ‘sugar high’
o Possible sugar addiction