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Salvatore Babones

on 7 October 2015

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Transcript of 1001-01-1

Welcome to Introduction to Sociology 1

Dr. Babones
Dr. S
You are not ordinary
Your friends are not ordinary
Your family is not ordinary
You are among the top 10% of students in . . .
A country that is in the top 10% of the world's income distribution
Which puts you in the top 1% of the world
Only 60% of the people in the world have "improved" sanitation

About 40% of the people in the world have to shit on the ground
To understand the social world around you, you must first learn to question your own personal experience -- and that of your friends and family
Your eyes can deceive you
-- Don't trust them
So how are we going to
develop your ability to
understand the world
in sociological terms?
Lecture program
Tutorial program
We'll cover this on Thursday
XXX -- Make that "today"!
Week of . . .
11 March - Social class
18 March - Social class
25 March - Aboriginality & the state
08 April - Aboriginality & the state
15 April - Gender in society
22 April - Focus on writing
29 April - Gender in society
06 April - Ethnicity & immigration
13 May - Ethnicity & immigration
20 May - Education in society
27 May - Education in society
Oh, and we'll also squeeze in
sociological theory Thursday
Starting next week, lectures will closely follow the layout of the textbook, Holmes' Australian Sociology 3e
I'll add lots of enrichment material in lecture
The exam will closely follow from lecture and textbook material
There is also a paperback book to read . . .
Read NOW
Major assessment tasks:
500 word article review (15%)
1500 word analytical essay (35%)
2-hour comprehensive exam (35%)
Tutorial activity participation (15%)
In lecture and tutorial, we'll use Living Dolls to provide examples for discussion
Living Dolls is NOT a textbook
The material in Living Dolls will, however, be covered on the final exam (to make sure you read it)
So please read it! Tutorial discussion will be much more fun if you do.
While reading Living Dolls, pay special attention to . . .
How society affects individual choices
How social class interacts with gender
How "science" is used by society
The effect on men of living in a society with highly gendered expectations about sex roles
Compared to other people in Australia you are . . .
Better traveled
More intelligent, harder working, and/or richer
More caring toward and/or curious about others
More female
You have a toilet.
Classical Sociological Theory
The term "sociology" (well, "sociologie") was coined by French philosopher Auguste Comte

He envisioned three phases of social thought:
In a bizarre twist of fate, Brazil is the only country (to my knowledge) ever to have elected a sociologist as its president, Fernando Henrique Cardoso (in office 1995-2002)
Emile Durkheim (1858-1917)
Emile Durkheim established the world's first . . .
Course in sociology (1887) -- at Bordeaux
Department of sociology (1895) -- Bordeaux
Academic sociology journal (1898) -- L'Année Sociologique
"A social fact is every way of acting, whether fixed or not, capable of exercising on the individual an external constraint; or again, every way of acting which is general throughout a given society, while at the same time existing in its own right independent of its individual manifestations."
Emile Durkheim (1858-1917)
In three major works Durkheim set the precedents for the main problems, methods, and approaches that have dominated sociology through today:
Problems: Division of Labor in Society (1893)
Methods: Rules of Sociological Method (1895)
Approaches: Suicide (1897)
Emile Durkheim (1858-1917)
What keeps society together?
Traditional society

Modern society
Mechanical solidarity

Organic solidarity
Collective conscience

Mutual interdependence
Social facts are "sui generis"
--> literally "of their own kind or figuratively "things in themselves"
How should society be studied?
Sociology is an EMPIRICAL
and for the most part
What do sociologists "do"?
Tutorial activities:
YouTube video group project
"Four Corners" presentation
Regular tutorial participation
In tutorial you'll be asked to plan and record a YouTube video that illustrates some aspect of social class in Sydney
At a minimum, your video should include:

One minute (or more) of video that illustrates something about social class

•An audio or textual narration that explains how the images are related to social class

•Every group member shown at one point or another (or all together) on camera
For example . . .
Are there visual features of "exclusive" high schools that are different from poorer high schools?
Are there "upscale" supermarkets in some areas and "downscale" supermarkets in others?
How are city center hostels different from the city center business hotels?
Are there different classes of restaurants?
Are there different classes of pubs?
Dr. Salvatore Babones
Emile Durkheim (1858-1917)
Emile Durkheim laid out the basic model for how sociologists understand society today:
Human reality is socially constructed
Social facts are real and have real effects
Sociologists live in societies and are subject to social influences (consciously or unconsciously)
Positive -- Societies have rules that are based on scientific understanding
Metaphysical -- Societies have rules that are based on universally agreed principles
Theological -- Societies have rules that are given by gods and set in stone
Full transcript