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Indus Valley Civilization
Transcript of Indus Valley Civilization
Civilization Geography GOLDEN AGE Because of the location of the IVC being located by the Indian River flooding was regular.
This flooding caused the soil to become rich and made the civilization grow.
The rich soil led to a surplus of food so the farmers benefited. TIME PERIOD The Indus Valley Civilization emerged 3300 - 1300 BCE Their Government is some what a mystery. The IVC did have a golden age.
The Golden Age lasted from 2600 - 1900.
This time period lasted 700 years. The Indus River were located in the Northwestern region of the Indian subcontinent. This location now is mainly Pakistan and Northwest India. The effect of the Geographical setting The IVC was far from isolation.
Because they were exposed to the Indian river this made way for tradings with other Civilizations They were at their peak period from 2600-1900 BCE The decline in their civilization was 1800 BCE By 1700 BCE most of the cities were condemned. GOVERNMENT They had some what a Central Government , Because of the lay out of the city that was so much the same between all of the cities. Their rulers were called Rajahs, in other words ruler of the cities. This Golden age end for various reasons. The IVC stopped trading with the Mesopotamia's.
The Great bath at Mohenjo- Daro was built over.
The city mounds got over crowded.
Drains blocked up. All of this was caused because of the flood of the river. WRITING/COMMUNICATION The IVC script couldn't be deciphered.
The main corpus of writing dated from the indus civilization is in the form of some two thousand inscribed seals in good conditions.
Seals are used to make impressions on malleable material like clay.
A lot of the script is pictographic.
Pictures were used as symbols for language.
It is unknown to the people of today
It was to developed to communicate with themselves as well as other civilizations. Technology The people of IVC achieved great accuracy in measuring length, mas and time.
They developed a system of uniform weights and measures.
Harappans evolved some new technology in metallurgy and produced copper, bronze, lead and tin.
The IVC did follow by a calender of their own.
The IVC did not develop irrigation capabilities. The houses were one, two, or three stories high.
They were constructed of baked bricks, with flat roofs.
The bricks were uniformed in size.
All the houses had access to water flow. ECONOMY Trading was conducted within the IVC and the Mesopotamia's.
Trading was a form of gaining and giving goods for the early civilization.
Their main products for trade was pottery, seals, figurines and ornaments.
Because the Indian River was near them it made it easier for the trading process to take place.
Boots and carts were used to transport.
They were divided based on social groups
This was called the Caste system. Rise and Fall of the IVC The Indus civilization began with some major developments like the introduction of writing and a surprisingly uniform culture over the whole of the greater Indus valley.
The trading with other Civilizations was Also good for the rise of the civilization.
The weakened cities became easy victims of the raiders from Central Asia, whose arrival heralded a major cultural discontinuity in South Asia. the collapse was due to a combination of several factors like over-exploitation of the environment
drastic changes in the river-courses, series of floods, water-logging and increased salinity of the irrigated lands. If the river may have never flooded the IVC may could have kept power. ART/Architecture The animal depicted on a majority of seals at sites of the mature period has not been clearly identified. Part bull, part zebra, with a majestic horn, it has been a source of speculation. As yet, there is insufficient evidence to substantiate claims that the image had religious or cultic significance, but the prevalence of the image raises the question of whether or not the animals in images of the IVC are religious symbols. BELIEFS Some Indus valley seals show swastikas, which are found in other religions worldwide, especially in Indian religions such as Hinduism, Buddhism, and Jainism.
The earliest evidence for elements of Hinduism are alleged to have been present before and during the early Harappan period. The IVC Was Polytheistic .
The people of the Indus River valley were a monotheistic society. At least until the development of Hinduism. The Government was effected in some ways by the religion of the IVC. Like most other people in ancient South Asia, they would have believed in reincarnation. CONTRIBUTIONS While the Indians shared some developments--such as complex irrigation and drainage systems and the art of writing--with the people of Sumeria, they also developed a unique cultural style of their own. Two major cultural streams contributed to,the development of what later came to be,called Hinduism. The only things left behind today by the IVC are the Seals and artifacts of the civilization.