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Transcript of William Shakespeare
Grew up in Stratford-upon-Avon
Married Anne Hathaway at 18 years old
Three children- Susanna, twins Hamnet and Judith
lost years- seven year period after 1585 where no record of Shakespeare exists
1st period = time after Shakespeare left grammar school until marriage in November of 1582
2nd period = seven years when he must have been perfecting dramatic skills + collecting sources for plots of plays
general belief- moved to London in early 1580s + worked as horse attendant in theaters 1590s-early 1600s: managing partner for acting troupe(Lord Chamberlain's Men or King's Men)
published 15 plays by 1597
spent most of his time in London, writing/acting
returned home once a year during Lent
built Globe in 1599
Poems published before his plays
Most famous poems were : "Henry IV" and "Titus Andronicus" originally wrote in traditional way
developed own writing style to work freer
wrote in iambic pentameter, blank verse
early plays-mostly histories(Richard III, Henry VI)
exception- Romeo and Juliet
also lots of comedies(Twelfth Night, Much Ado About Nothing)
later wrote tragedies(Hamlet, Macbeth, Othello, King Lear)
towards end of life wrote tragicomedies(The Tempest) Histories- plays based on the lives of English kings
Comedies- plays with happy endings, usually marriages
Tragedies- plays with unhappy endings, usually involving a high body count
Tragicomedies- more serious plays than the comedies that end with reconcilation and forgiveness Tragedies:
Romeo and Juliet
A Midsummer Night's Dream
Much Ado About Nothing Uncertainty regarding education leads some to believe otherwise.
Christopher Marlowe, Edward de Vere, Sir Francis Bacon= more likel.y
sketchy details of Shakespeare’s life.
record of him, nothing to suggest actor/playwright.
acting/playwriting looked down upon in high society(motivation for pseudonym).
Shakespeare Oxford Society: argued that de Vere(17th Earl of Oxford) was real Shakespeare.
Shakespeare had neither education nor literary training to write plays.
vast majority of scholars think it was him.
just because no record of life doesn’t mean not real.
other playwrights had sketchy histories.
his name on poems/writing pieces.
referenced by name by critics.
evidence of personal relationships by contemporaries who knew him. Many of Shakespeares plays are highly popular
Often reinterpreted w/ diverse political/cultural contexts
Many Shakespearean scholars still study his life and writings Death Died: April 23, 1616(or April 5, 1616)
many believe he died on 52nd birthday
church record says it was actually 18 days earlier
left very little to wife
little evidence of strained marriage people still perform/reinterpret plays
impacted culture in Europe + Americas
subject of study- Shakespearean scholars study only Shakespeare Citations: Mabillard, Amanda. William Shakespeare of Stratford: Shakespeare as Actor. Shakespeare Online. 20
Aug. 2000. 2/4/2013 < http://www.shakespeare-online.com/biography/shakespeareactor.html >
"William Shakespeare." Biography.com. A+E Television Networks, LLE, 2013. Web. 4 Feb. 2013.