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Unmanned Aerial Vehicle (UAV)

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by

Tori Xing

on 13 November 2014

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Transcript of Unmanned Aerial Vehicle (UAV)

Unmanned Aerial Vehicle (UAV)
Question:
1) Summarise the
ethical dilemmas
raised and possible
solutions


2) Consider the present but evaluate the
impact on future
generation under condition which will surely change
Media

Military
Case: American-Led Coalition Airstrike against ISIS targets in Iraq and Syria
Future Evolution
of UAVs

Future Implication
Perspectives of Aggressor
Arguments for the use of the drones warfare
No need to ground troops= keeping its soldiers safe
Appeased Society
Duty Ethics is satisfied
Arguments against the use of the drones warfare
Economic aspects
Decreased the need for ground troop-unemployment
Act utilitarianism is violated
Perspective of the country
under attack

Arguments for the use of the drones warfare
Minimize civilian casualties and collateral damage
Right of Civilians are satisfied
Arguments against the use of the drones warfare
Removing the emotional connection from the decision making process = easier to kill and destroy
Right to life for civilian and soldiers in conflict region is violated
Case study: The Pirker Case
Safety
Privacy
Perspective of the UAV operators
It’s their JOB!
- Right Ethics

Kept the members of the public out. Used his own actors instead
-–Act Utilitarian

Actors Notified before filming
–- Virtue ethics
 ,
Right ethics
 
Perspective of the public
"near misses" and "serious injury"
- Right Ethics

No legal regulations by FAA
-–Act Utilitarian , Rule Utilitarianism

Solution
What is Privacy?
“The ability to control that which we think of as belonging to us”
Privacy in different contexts
Privacy in different contexts
Case: Drone Journalism
News Agencies want to adopt UAVs to gather data (photos and videos) of important events as soon as possible.

Perspective of the public
Right to Informational and Physical Privacy:
Sharing information about activities, location etc.
Harassment from 3rd Parties
Perspective of the journalist
Right to Photography in public
Vague definition of public vs. private airspace
Guidelines for using UAVs for News gathering
a) Data systems should be public knowledge and data
collected should be for a narrow specific purpose.

b) Data can be collected only with the consent of individual and in compliance with the rules about public versus private property.

c) There should not be any sharing or sale of information to any third parties.

d) Security and integrity of the system needs to be maintained to protect the data collected.
The main concern with the usage of drones is that common people (who happen to be in the footage) have no control over who sees the photos and what impact they could have on their lives.
The man turned out to be a surveyor for an imaging company and was creating a video of the Seattle skyline for a client. Although it was not his intention to capture the woman in her apartment, her inclusion was inevitable.
Right to Decisional Privacy:
Who gets to know about them
How long is the information stored for
What is done with their information
This issue came to light in June 2014 when a woman in Seattle complained that she had spotted a man filming her in her apartment using a drone.
Duty to report accurate News as soon as possible

Utilitarian Arguments
Emergency situations
Okay to violate personal rights if it benefits the society.
Duty to provide safe work environment to employees
Conclusion
Drones or no drones?
So how?
imperative to come up with rules and regulations that satisfy as many people’s rights as possible while minimizing the violation of rights inflicted on others
In every case, rights of different parties are violated and satisfied
path of least harm.
Accountability
removing human element
artificial intelligence cannot be held accountable for its decisions and actions

Political Effects of UAV attacks

increase resentment towards the US and its allies -> Yemen case
Political tension between countries

violates duty ethics
(American Military)

Increased the likelihood of armed conflicts
Public pressure provides a serious deterrent to aggressive foreign policy
fewer casualties and collateral damage...
remove one of the major obstacles to conflict
Short Run...
act utilitarianism seems to have been
satisfied
From the perspective of the aggressor
Long Run...
act utilitarianism may be seriously

violated
violation of utilitarianism (Both Parties)
Future Implications
Technology affects society
Technology pessimism
Facial detection and recognition
Reduced Human Control
Improving the weapons used by UAVs
Changing the rules of warfare
limitations on UAV operators
Smaller warheads capable of
destroying targets with
lower resultants
civilian casullties
Full transcript