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The Romantic Movement (1790-1840)
Transcript of The Romantic Movement (1790-1840)
The Hunchback of Notre Dame
The Pen and the Scroll
Literature was a huge artistic outlet of the Romantic Movement. It was in Great Britain that romanticism first spread through poetry and prose. Examples of popular British romantic writers include Wordsworth, Coleridge, Scott, Byron, Shelley, and Keats.
All of the aforementioned writers had something in common: their writing styles abandoned classical conventions and produced new, fresh, and original work. Wordsworth created poems that contained ordinary speech and majestic emphasis on simple subjects, while Scott composed long narrative poems that recreated the spirit of great historical. The Brothers Grimm weaved haunting and beautiful stories from Germanic fairy tales which live on to this day.
The Language of Music
Liszt's "Liebestraum" (Dream of Love
O Romeo, Romeo! Wherefore art thou Romeo-?
Anyway, the Romantic Movement was fueled by human desire to express emotions freely and naturally through literature, art, and music. All three forms sought to break away from the classical mold of "art" and, with the help of trailblazers such as Hugo and Beethoven, forged new paths that ultimately changed the artistic face of Europe forever.
Literature allowed new worlds of emotion to form through simple prose and poetry, while music unleashed powerful emotions and became a powerful entity in itself. The arts became a revolution that spread like wildfire through Europe, and very few were left untouched...
Shall I compare thee to summer's day-?
Whoops! We're not talking about that kind of romance (sorry, Shakespeare fans!).
We're talking about the Romantic Movement that spread through late 18th - mid 19th century Europe like the Black Plague (eh, eh? get it? ;D).
Anyway, this type of romance focused on radical concepts of politics and society seen in the changes in arts, which was in part a revolt against classicism and the Enlightenment. Romanticism emphasized love for the arts as a way for people to express themselves emotionally, freely, and naturally. It was characterized by a belief in emotional exuberance, open imagination, and spontaneity in both art and personal life (Mckay 766.)
The Hunchback of Notre Dame
is a widely popular and highly acclaimed story written by Victor Hugo in the early 1800s. The story is cleverly and subtly written with references to liberty and personal freedom.
The story above is just one of the many that Hugo wrote. Hugo's powerful novels exemplified the romantic fascination with fantastic characters, exotic historical settings, and deep human emotions.
The permanent realization of romanticism's goals of free expression and emotional intensity is owed to music. Some of the greatest musical artists came from this time, such as Chopin, Liszt, and Beethoven. They used a wide range of forms to create innumerable musical landscapes and evoke deep emotions within their audience.
The orchestra blossomed during this time with the addition of wind instruments, percussion, and more brass and strings.