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Transcript of Antisemitism
and Jordie Scott In basic terms, antisemitism is prejudice against and the persuction of Jewish people. What? Why? When? Who? What is antisemitism? Who are Jews?
Who oppose them? Places expelled from
Basic timeline Why do people hate them?
Why does antisemitism exist? A person who practices this is called an 'antisemite'. It is usually because of hatred of them stemming from their background, race or culture, whther rational or irrational. By definition, Jewish people practice Judaism, which is effectively their religion, philosophy and way of life. There are approximately 13-14 million Jewish people worldwide. Most of them live in either Israel (5.4mil) or the USA (5.3mil). Bibliography http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Antisemitism
http://christianactionforisrael.org/antiholo/cantisem.html There is a very strong hatred of Jews, for various, self-conflicting reasons. Most, if not all of Europe was Christian, and they believed that Jewish people killed Jesus. As a result, over a 1700-year period from 250-1950, Jewish people have been expelled from over 80 countries in Europe. There are six general reasons as to why the Jews are hated: Economic - Hate for "their economic power and wealth." (They had little.)
Chosen People - Hate because "they claim they are the chosen people." (Yet so do Christians.)
Scapegoat - They are "a group that we can blame everything on." (An effect of hatred, not a cause.)
Deicide - Hate because "they killing Jesus." (Though the Bible says the Romans did).
Outsiders - Hate because "they are different."(Most cultures/religions are somewhat different.)
Racial Theory - Hate because "they are inferior to us". (Though anyone can convert.) The general belief is that discrimination against them exists because of their religious beliefs and foreign culture. Antisemitism is one of the longest running 'hatreds' in the world. There have been over 450 major incidents of Antisemnitism throughout the Middle Ages alone. There are numerous places where Jewish people have been expelled from. Some places multiple times.
Here is a list of only 106 expulsions. 250: Carthage
554: Diocese of Clement (France)
561: Diocese of Uzzes (France)
612: Visigoth Spain
642: Visigoth Empire
1276: Upper Bavaria
1322: France (again)
1349: Hielbronn (Germany)
1420: Lyons 1421: Austria
1444: Netherlands (again)
1485: Vincenza (Italy)
1514: Strasbourg 1515: Genoa
1542: Prague & Bohemia
1569: Papal States
1593: Brandenburg, Austria
1597: Cremona, Pavia & Lodi
1654: Little Russia (Beylorus)
1669: Oran (North Africa)
1670: Vienna (again)
1740: Little Russia (Beylorus)
1744: Prague, Bohemia
1753: Kovad (Lithuania)
1804: Villages in Russia
1808: Villages & Countrysides (Russia)
1815: Franconia, Swabia & Bavaria
1843: Russian Border Austria & Prussia
1866: Galatz, Romania
1919: Bavaria (foreign born Jews)
1938-45: Nazi Controlled Areas
1948: Arab Countries
There is also racial antisemitism, which is prejudice against the Jews as a race rather than against their beliefs and philosophies. This has existed since the Middle Ages, but became more widespread during the 1800s. (Don't bother reading them all.) 3rd century BC: Earliest known source of antisemitism
33 AD: Death of Jesus
167: First instance of the Jewish being blamed for Jesus' death
1290: Expulsion from England
1347-50: Jewish are blamed for the Black Death (with 40 being burned in Provence in 1948)
1555-1559: Jewish community restricted to ghettos (act repeated in 1826)
1941-1945: Holocaust occurs: roughly 6 million Jews are killed
1965-present: Reconciliation between the Jewish and the Church (currently ongoing) Some key events in the history of antisemitism: During the Middle Ages, Jewish people were hated by Christians. As Europe was primarily Christian, this meant that the Jewish people were hated by many nations. In the present day, the world is becoming more accepting of Judaism. They were expelled from many nations, including:
The Holy Roman Empire
Russia Antisemitism likely started becuase of the fact that: Jewish religious beliefs are different from the christian Church's. Its confusion (there is no real clear reason on why it exists) This is the core reasoning behind most (if not all) of the Jewish expulsions during the Middle Ages: because they were not Christians. However, because of the intense hatred, this turned into nearly everyone hating Jewish people simply for being Jewish in the 19-20th centuries. Antisemnitism is unique amoungst hatreds for four reasons: Its longetivy (it has been around for at least 2000 years) Its universality (it is pretty much everywhere in the world) Its intensity (people have been particularly violent against Jewish people) So in more recent years, the hatred of Jewish people makes no sense.