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Native American Literature
Transcript of Native American Literature
S. Alice Callahan, author of
Wynema: The Child of the Forest
, was the first female Native American writer.
"At the end of a Black Hawk war in 1815 the Sauk and Fox nations agreed to a peace treaty to which the cession of 1804 was reaffirmed."
"King George the third of England signed the proclamation of 1763. This prohibited any English settlement west of the Appalachian Mountains. People had to move east to lessen the tensions between the Native Americans."
"On January 12, 1833 a law was passed making it unlawful for any Indian to remain within the boundaries of the state of Florida."
Defining the Characteristics of Native Americans in Literature
"Sarah was a Native Amarican writer who wrote a personal and tribal histry called "Life among the Piutes: Their Wrongs and Claims” while in a rented room at 54 Bowdoin Street in Boston and with the help of two women activists. It was quickly printed with the intention of influencing upcoming federal policy and legislation in favor of the Paiute
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S. Alice Callahan
"S. Alice Callahan wrote the first novel written by a woman Native American called
Wynema: A Child of the Forest
, which was published in 1891.While Wynema starts out as Genevieve's student, she soon becomes her friend and her sister, which the novel suggests evolves not simply with the passing of time but rather from Genevieve's increasing understanding of and respect for Muscogee people. As
Genevieve becomes more assimilated into Muscogee life, she refers to Wynema specifically as "a friend" rather than as a pupil or protege. Moreover, Genevieve's acceptance of Wynema and Robin's marriage and, thus, of Wynema as a sister coincides with a profound shift in the way that Genevieve refers to the Muscogee".
Native American Literature
Native American Literature Movement
After the American Revolution, Native American groups, also called tribes, were increasing in growth. The Indians lived in small villages, and literature was a major part of the culture. Their literature is a mix between the European oral tradition and the Native American Renaissance. Their stories and poems would mainly express how the Americans thought less of them as a human. Stories also spoke of "spiritual kinship."(nativeamericanwriters.com
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Literature through Music
Music has always been a wonderful way to express ones feelings. In the 1800's tribes wanted to say what they felt besides telling stories. Their ways to express emotions became more broad and music was now part of their daily life.
Hymns for Christian worship were the main songs that were written.
"Indian Melodies, published in 1845by the Narragansett composer Thomas Commuck provided tribes with hymnals in church."
Sherman Alexie a Native American poet who wrote the short story "The Lone Ranger and Tonto Fistfight in Heaven" published this story in 1993. His main point in this story is to show people that racism should stop and he wants equality for all. In this short story he writes about how his school life was and how he was being treated in both schools he went to. Alexie went to a Tribal School and to a "Off-reservation all-white high school" what he calls a public school in his short story. Sherman Alexie was treated unequal at his home because the teachers wanted him to change to a more "American" person in the public school he went to afterwards he also didn't feel comfortable because he was the only Native American. Alexie writes this short story so people can change from doing whats wrong to right.