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Global Gettysburg

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by

Lois MacMillan

on 3 November 2013

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Transcript of Global Gettysburg

China
Sun Yat-sen
Born to the son of a Cantonese peasant and educated in Hawaii,
Sun Yat-sen learned the ideas of Lincoln and Alexander Hamilton. Sun's
"Three Principals of the People"
are often compared with Lincoln's phrase from the Gettysburg address,

"of the people, by the people, for the people."

Three Principles of People

Of the People:
Minzu
-
National Consciousness or Nationalism
By the People:
Minzhu
-
People's Rights or Democracy
For the People:
Minsheng
-
Livelihood or Socioeconomic Well-Being
As mayor of Shanghai, Jiang Zemin recited the
Gettysburg Address
in an attempt to curb student discontent in 1986. He later recited it from memory to President Bill Clinton and in an interview with Mike Wallace's 60 minutes.
Italy
One score and a decade
BEFORE
Lincoln’s Gettysburg Address,

Giuseppe Mazzini
as a member of the revolutionary society,
‘La Giovine Italia’, (Young Italy) wrote
“in the name of the people, for the people, and by the people.”
Giuseppe Mazzini
On August 14th, 1942, Italians listened on the radio to a
Lincoln letter written to Italian patriot, Melloni,
which advocated Italian Nationalism. It was a complete
FORGERY
by
Benito Mussolini!
He had used a comment from a letter
Melloni to Mazzini
!
Giuseppe Mazzini Portrait from Dominico Lama
Argentina
Domingo Sarmiento
After Lincoln's assassination, Sarmiento wrote, “
Vida de Abran Lincoln
,”
where he introduced Lincoln speeches and writings to Latin America.
Cuba
Hungary
Lajos Kossuth
Ohio State Legislature, February 16, 1852
Eleven years
before
the
Gettysburg Address
, Kossuth addressed the Ohio State Legislature with the words,
"All for the People and All by the People; Nothing About the People Without the People -
That is Democracy!"

Ontario Canada
This sign is on Kossuth Road in Cambridge, Ontario, Canada.
Excerpt from
"What is Democracy?"
speech...
Democracy is, as Lincoln said,
a government of the people, by the people, and for the people.
A government not of the people is not a democracy.

And what has the government of the Cuban revolution been since Jan. 1, 1959 but
a government of the people, by the people, and for the people?

A government of the people,
not for a privileged group of people;

a government of the people,
not of an oligarchy;

a government for the people,
not for a group of politicians or military people we have as always had in Cuba.
Castro Visits the United States
In April 1959, Castro accepted an invitation from the American Society of Newspaper Editors to visit the U.S.

President Eisenhower did not meet with Castro, but Vice President Nixon did.

After the meeting Nixon concluded, ""either incredibly naive about communism or under communist discipline-my guess is the former."

His transcription of the

Gettysburg Address

was “doctored to suit his own purposes.” Giving much more meaning to

"nation"

than Lincoln intended.
As president of Argentina from 1868 to 1874, Domingo Faustino Sarmiento led the establishment of basic freedoms, civil safety and progress in his country.
I
n 1865, before
Sarmiento's
presidency, he visited the United States where he was greatly influenced by
Abraham Lincoln.
The Argentine government presented this work as a gift to the City of Boston in 1973. Sarmiento had a close friendship with the great educator, Horace Mann which influence the future Argentine leader in the area of educational reform.
By the 1840s, Mazzini had become the recognized leader of the Italian nationalist revolutionary movement and committed to the cause of Italian independence and unity.
"Beating Heart of Italy"
Kossuth Toured United States
Lincoln greeted him in Springfield noting that Kossuth was the
"most worthy and distinguished representative of the cause of civil and religious liberty on the continent of Europe".
1848 Hungarian Revolution
Lajos Kossuth was instrumental in passing "March laws" which:
freed the peasants
abolished the privileges of the nobles
created a ministry responsible to the legislature
Ghana
Kwame Nkrumah
First President of Ghana
Nkrumah attended
Lincoln University
in Pennsylvania, America's oldest black college and forged ties with black American intellectuals. Moving to London after WWII, he helped organize the Pan-African Movement.
Educated in the United States
Nkrumah's Foreign Minister
During the cold war,
Kwesi Armah
, Nkrumah's foreign minister, drew on Lincoln's words to defend Ghana's
neutrality
between the U.S. and the Soviet Union.
Kwesi Armah
Kwesi Armah urged support for
racial equality
, using Lincoln's
"new birth of freedom"
from the Gettysburg Address to encourage the liberation struggles against white minority rule in southern Africa.
Great Britain
Global Gettysburg
"More than any other American historical figure,
Abraham Lincoln
towers over the global landscape..."
...and it is Lincoln's
Gettysburg Address
that has traveled the globe.
How has his
272 words
changed the world?
Language of Democracy
The Gettysburg Address
English
Imagination
"..that knightly son of our blood."
Image of America
Anglo Americans as one people.
The English embrace Lincoln.
Most successful radical newspaper of the last half of the nineteenth century,
the
Reynolds's Illustrated News,

carried the motto on its masthead:
"of the people, by the people, for the people."
In 1922 as the president of the Irish Republic, de Valera refused to sign the Articles of Agreement Treaty quoting from the
Gettysburg Address
:
"I believe fundamentally in the right of the Irish people to govern themselves. I believe fundamentally in government
of the people, by the people
and , I may add the other part,
for the people
. That is my fundamental creed."
Both sides of in the battles over
Home Rule
used Lincoln's words and deeds.
1880
William Gladstone and Joseph Chamberlain
1910
Irish Times and Ronald McNeil
1922
Eamon de Valera and David Lloyd George

Eamon de Valera
Lincoln embodied
"the love of truth which through all the vicissitudes of life inspired him."
David Lloyd George
Lincoln was
"resolute in war, he was moderate in victory."
Both idolized Lincoln
"Abraham Lincoln: A Play"
John Drinkwater's play on Abraham Lincoln ran uninterrupted for three decades.
In the final scene of Drinkwater's "Lincoln," Drinkwater weaves together Lincoln's speeches (Second Inaugural and Gettysburg Address) and delivers them from one place, the balcony of Ford's theater. The scene begins with the crowd shouting, "Speech, Father Abraham!" Then Lincoln speaks...
"With malice toward none, with charity for all, it is for us to resolve that this nation, under God, shall have a new birth of freedom; and that government of the people, by the people, for the people, shall not perish from the earth."
"After a few moments Booth appears."
In 1941, to inspire the British against Hitler, the British Ministry of Information released a film called "Words for Battle" by Humphrey Jennings.
At the 6:15 mark, Sir Laurence Olivier with the statue of Lincoln in front of the Houses of Parliament delivers the last third of the Gettysburg Address.
How will Lincoln's words continue to inspire the world?
On July 26, 1959, Castro delivered his famous speech,
"What is Democracy?"
Has the Gettysburg Address started a "Global Civil War?
Full transcript