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Simple Sentences (ENGL 200)

Adapted from Writing Made Easy 5th Edition. Covers Chapter 18.
by

Melissa A.

on 19 August 2013

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Transcript of Simple Sentences (ENGL 200)

Sentence Foundation
Subjects
Verbs
Verbs
Review
Prepositional Phrases
A
prepositional phrase
consists of a
preposition
(a word such as on, to, in, with, etc.) and its
object
(the noun or pronoun it introduces).
Every sentence must express a complete thought (it needs to make sense).
Subjects tell who or what a sentence is about. Without a subject, a sentence is incomplete.
Simple Sentences
Every sentence needs a verb, which tell what the subject does or connects the subjects to words that describe or rename it.

There are three types of verbs:
Action Verbs
Linking Verbs
Helping Verbs
In order to be complete, a sentence must have a ____ and a ____. It must also _____ _______.
Subjects, Verbs, and Prepositional Phrases
Every sentence must include a subject and a verb.
David Beckham is a soccer player.
Derek Walcott won the 1992 Nobel Prize in literature.

He was born in St. Lucia.

St. Lucia is an island in the Caribbean.
A subject can be a noun or pronoun
A
noun
names a person, place, or thing.

A
pronoun
takes the place of a noun (I, you, he, she, we, it, they, etc.)

A
proper noun
is a specific person, place, or thing.
A
singular subject
is one person, place, or thing.

A
plural subject
is more than one person, place, or thing.
An example of a plural subject:

Walcott's poems have been collected in books.
Sometimes a sentence has two subjects joined by "and". These are called
compound subjects
:

St. Lucia and Trinidad are Caribbean islands.
Frequently Used Prepositions
about
above
across
after
against
along
around
as
at
before
behind
below
beneath
beside
by
despite
during
except
for
from
in
inside
into
like
near
of
off
on
onto
out
outside
over
through
throughout
to
toward
underneath
until
up
upon
with
within
without
on
the stage
to
Nia's house
in
my new car
with
them
The cost of the repairs was astronomical.

What's the subject of the following sentence? First, cross out your prepositional phrases.

At the end of the novel, after an exciting chase, the lovers flee to Mexico.



The object of a preposition can
never
be the subject of a sentence.

To identify a sentence's true subject,

cross out every prepositional phrase
.
What question can you ask to determine the subject of a sentence?
A prepositional phrase consists of a __________ and its ________.
T or F: A subject can be made up of more than one word.
T or F: A sentence can have more than one verb.
Practice 18-2: Find the subject
p. 335: Try doing the odd numbers.
Action verbs tell what the subject does, did, or will do. They can also show mental and emotional actions.
Renee will drive to Tampa on Friday.

Travis always worries about his job.
Sometimes the subject performs more than one action, so you will have more than one verb.
He hit the ball, threw down the bat, and ran toward first base.
Linking verbs don't show action. Instead, they connect the subject to a word or words that describe or rename it.
The linking verb tells what the subject is (or what it was, will be, or seems to be).
The googolplex is an extremely large number.
Many linking verbs, like is, are forms of be. Other linking verbs refer to the senses (look, feel, etc.).
The photocopy looks blurry.

Some students feel anxious about the future.
Practice 18-4
Practice 18-5
Many verbs consist of more than one verb.

Minh must make a decision about his future.

In this sentence, make is the main verb and must is the helping verb.
A complete verb is made up of a
main verb
plus any
helping verbs
that accompany it:

Minh should have gone earlier.

Did Minh ask the right questions?

Minh will work hard.

Minh can really succeed.
Practice 18-7
Practice 18-3
Verb
Subject
Always underline the subject one time.
What are the subjects in the
following sentences?
underline the whole thing
"the lovers flee" is still a complete sentence (it has a subject and a verb)
"lovers" is your subject
p. 336: Try numbers 1-5
p. 337: Try numbers 5-10
p. 338: Try the even numbers
Finally, remember that simple sentences are also called independent clauses.

Independent clauses can stand on their own and still make sense.
Succeed
is the main verb.
However, without the helping verb, the sentence doesn't make sense:
Minh really succeed.
Therefore, you also need to underline the helping verb.
p. 340: Try numbers 1-10
A simple sentence
is also called an ___________ ______.
Always underline verbs twice.
Full transcript