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Simple Sentences (ENGL 100)
Transcript of Simple Sentences (ENGL 100)
consists of a
(a word such as on, to, in, with, etc.) and its
(the noun or pronoun it introduces).
Every sentence must express a complete thought (it needs to make sense).
Subjects tell who or what a sentence is about. Without a subject, a sentence is incomplete.
Every sentence needs a verb, which tell what the subject does or connects the subjects to words that describe or rename it.
There are three types of verbs:
In order to be complete, a sentence must have a ____ and a ____. It must also _____ _______.
Subjects, Verbs, and Prepositional Phrases
Every sentence must include a subject and a verb.
David Beckham is a soccer player.
Derek Walcott won the 1992 Nobel Prize in literature.
He was born in St. Lucia.
St. Lucia is an island in the Caribbean.
A subject can be a noun or pronoun
names a person, place, or thing.
takes the place of a noun (I, you, he, she, we, it, they, etc.)
is a specific person, place, or thing.
is one person, place, or thing.
is more than one person, place, or thing.
An example of a plural subject:
Walcott's poems have been collected in books.
Sometimes a sentence has two subjects joined by "and". These are called
St. Lucia and Trinidad are Caribbean islands.
Frequently Used Prepositions
my new car
The cost of the repairs was astronomical.
What's the subject of the following sentence? First, cross out your prepositional phrases.
By the end of the week, after so much office drama, I collapse in bed.
The object of a preposition can
be the subject of a sentence.
To identify a sentence's true subject,
cross out every prepositional phrase
What question can you ask to determine the subject of a sentence?
A prepositional phrase consists of a __________ and its ________.
T or F: A subject can be made up of more than one word.
T or F: A sentence can have more than one verb.
Practice 17-1: Find the subject
p. 325: Try doing the odd numbers.
Action verbs tell what the subject does, did, or will do. They can also show mental and emotional actions.
Renee will drive to Tampa on Friday.
Travis always worries about his job.
Sometimes the subject performs more than one action, so you will have more than one verb.
He hit the ball, threw down the bat, and ran toward first base.
Linking verbs don't show action. Instead, they connect the subject to a word or words that describe or rename it.
The linking verb tells what the subject is (or what it was, will be, or seems to be).
The googolplex is an extremely large number.
Many linking verbs, like is, are forms of be. Other linking verbs refer to the senses (look, feel, etc.).
The photocopy looks blurry.
Some students feel anxious about the future.
Many verbs consist of more than one verb.
Minh must make a decision about his future.
In this sentence, make is the main verb and must is the helping verb.
A complete verb is made up of a
that accompany it:
Minh should have gone earlier.
Did Minh ask the right questions?
Minh will work hard.
Minh can really succeed.
Always underline the subject one time.
What are the subjects in the
underline the whole thing
p. 327: Try numbers 1-5
p. 329: Try numbers 5-10
p. 330: Try the even numbers
Finally, remember that simple sentences are also called independent clauses.
Independent clauses can stand on their own and still make sense.
is the main verb.
However, without the helping verb, the sentence doesn't make sense:
Minh really succeed.
Therefore, you also need to underline the helping verb.
Page 331-332: Group Work
A simple sentence
is also called an ___________ ______.
Always underline verbs twice.