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Transcript of Philippine Literature:
Contemporary literature is a vast group of written works produced from a specific time in history through the current age. The era of contemporary writing began in the 1940s, but some claim that it started at the end of the second world war. Not only are there disagreements on when this period really started, but the biggest dispute surrounds what qualifies a written work as literature. Contemporary literature is difficult to characterize because it reflects contemporary life and culture which is rapidly changing and full of contradictions.
Forms / Genres
by Alec Abrigo & Shanne Caraan
In the years of war during the Japanese occupation, Tagalog poets broke away from the Balagtas tradition and started writing in simple language and free verse. As a result, fiction started to prevail over poetry. Short stories served as a stepping stone for writers back in the day.
The emancipation of the Philippines from foreign hands did not only free the country from slavery, but signified the beginning of a new era of literature. There was bountiful harvest in poetry, fiction, drama and essay during these times. Filipino writers mastered English and familiarized themselves with diverse techniques.
by Chrisia Alviar & Aaron So
1. Uses code switching between elevated literary language and "lower" forms, between high art and low art
2. Deploys metafictional techniques to draw our attention to the work's relationship (or non-relationship) to "reality"
3. Emphasizes performative nature of our identities; they aren't "true" or natural but just seem that way because they are consistent and persistent
4. Emphasizes fragmentation in human experience of postmodern culture, and as an artistic strategy
5. Breaks down our faith in the supremacy of the rational, scientific human being (e.g. comparisons between animals and humans and machines)
6. Questions our ability to understand ourselves and our culture
7. Questions omniscience by questioning our ability to accurately see reality
8. Questions the link between language and reality (everything is a biased representation)
9. Depicts border-crossing and migration as fundamental to human experience
10. Emphasizes the permeability of old boundaries: between men and women; between the East and the West; between high and low culture
11. Shows people struggling to find meaning in a world that doesn't offer us the old assurances (of either faith or science)
Thank you for listening!
a fictitious prose narrative of book length, typically representing character and action with some degree of realism.
The Hand of the Enemy by Kerima Polotan
The Adversary by Luis V. Teodoro Jr.
a story with a fully developed theme but significantly shorter and less elaborate than a novel
a traditional story especially one concerning the early history of a people
The Tomato Game by N.V.M. Gonzalez
a piece of writing that partakes of the nature of both speech and song that is nearly always rhythmical, usually metaphorical, and often exhibits such formal elements as meter, rhyme, and stanzaic structure.
a short novel or long short story
Maynila... Sa Mga Kuko Ng Liwanag
written by Edgardo Reyes
directed by Lino Brocka
a play for theater, radio, or television.
an exciting, emotional, or unexpected series of events or set of circumstances.
the use of humor, irony, exaggeration, or ridicule to expose and criticize people's stupidity or vices, particularly in the context of contemporary politics and other topical issues.
a feeling of excitement and mystery associated with love
a play dealing with tragic events and having an unhappy ending, especially one concerning the downfall of the main character.
the style or genre represented by comedy films, plays, and broadcast programs.
a movie, play, or broadcast program intended to make an audience laugh.
a play or novel containing elements of both comedy and tragedy.
12.Martial Law repressed and curtailed human rights, including freedom of the press
13.Writers used symbolisms and allegories to drive home their message, at the face of heavy censorship
14.Theater was used as a vehicle for protest, such as the PETA (Phil. Educational Theater Association) and UP Theater.
15. From the eighties onwards, writers continue to show dynamism and innovation
For Freedom and Democracy by S.P. Lopez
Betrayal in the Philippines by Hernando Abaya
At War’s End by Rony V. Diaz
The Devil in the Details by Carlos Cortés
A Barrio of Hilo-an (Samar)
Balbal (Brgy. Libertad Higatangan, Naval)
Tubig ni Tabo (Leyte)
Ermita in the Rain by Angela Manalang Gloria
Soledad by Angela Manalang Gloria
The Legal Wife (aired on ABS-CBN)
Pangako Sa 'Yo (aired on ABS-CBN)
by Meg Agbada & Lui Casis