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Autism: Within the Residential Halls
Transcript of Autism: Within the Residential Halls
What is Autism?
Autism and Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) are general terms for a group of complex disorders of brain development.
Characteristics could include but not limited to:
Difficulties in social interaction
Verbal and nonverbal communication
Attachment to objects
Lack of emotional reciprocity
1 in 88 births
5 times more common in males than females (1/54 and 1/252)
1 to 1.5 million Americans
Fasted growing developmental disorder
Children born to older parents are at a higher risk
Children born premature or at a lower than normal birth weight are at a higher risk
60 billion annually
No medical test or cure
35% of children attend a 2-4 year college
No known racial, ethnic, or social boundaries
No relation to family income, lifestyle
Changes + New =
Lack of clarity
Lack of understanding
Having to rush
Having things not go the way you planned
What is Autism
What causes Autism
Activity 1 & 2
Attention and shifting
Basic social behaviors
Interaction with the environment
How can we assist?
Examples of Changes
Making sure all documents are clear and black/white. (right)
Updating advertisements/documents to make sure they are not to distracting. (handout)
Having a variety of ways information goes out. Email, bulletin board, diagram.
Having information sessions (like this) to bring awareness to student staff and pro staff.
Examples: Emails and Roommate Contracts
Sensory Integration Dysfunction
Fire alarms/lock downs
Large social settings
Overstimulation = Sensory Overload
How to integrate students?
Student activities (programs)
On campus employment
What to do next......
Be as clear as possible in emails and communication.
Be blunt when needed. (black and white)
For some students social events will make them stressed, Do some intentional inviting to those students. It will make them feel more comfortable.
Make sure to clearly layout the fire drill plan.
Allow students to have "comfort objects" when needed.
Look for those "red flags" and bridge the gap.
What causes Autism?
There is no one cause of autism just as there is no one type of autism.
Over the last five years, scientists have identified a number of rare gene changes, or mutations, associated with autism.
Research has identified more than a hundred autism risk genes.
Most cases involve a complex and variable combination of genetic risk and environmental factors that influence early brain development.
Environmental factors can include events before and during birth.
Autism is one of the 5 PDDs.
All have commonalities in communication and social deficits
Differ in terms of severity
Autism is a spectrum disorder
This means that symptoms and characteristics can present themselves in wide variety of combinations, from mild to severe
Autistic individuals can be very different from each other
“Autism” is still commonly used to refer to any of the 5 PDDs
Activity 1 & 2
This is an example of an activity that students with Autism may find difficult.
Knowing what you have learned about Autism what do you think Kevin is feeling?
What issues can you see stemming from this encounter?