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Social, Political, and Economic Causes of the Rise and Fall of Spain
Transcript of Social, Political, and Economic Causes of the Rise and Fall of Spain
Christoper Columbus' voyage began in 1492 to discover new land
Columbus' voyage began two centuries of Spanish conquest and administration of the New World Social Rise Social Rise- Golden Age of Spanish Art Art showed faith and pride of Spain
El Greco and Diego Velasquez contributed to the Catholicism of Spain and displayed pride in Spain's monarchy El Greco distorted the human figure and expressed emotions symbolically
His techniques showed the deep catholic faith
El Greco's real name was Domenikos Theotocopoulos Works of El Greco El Greco's Spoliation Diego Velazquez showed the pride of Spain's monarchy
Velazquez was the court painter to Philip the IV
He is best known for his portraits of the royal family
Diego was noted for using rich colors Charles IV's family Works of Diego Velazquez The Pseudonym Juan de Pareja Religious control
Philip forced the Jews to convert to Christianity or leave the country
Ten years of Civil Wars
Fought between Catholic and Protestant, as well as the 17 provinces and Spain Social Fall Seizure of Mines-
The richest silver and gold mines in the new world, Peru, and in Mexico were seized.
Most of Spain's money came from the mines.
Metals in the new world were found and sold. Economic Rise When Spain expelled Jews and Moors, around 1500 valuable artisans and business people were lost.
Nobles did not have to pay taxes.
This left the tax burden to fall on the lower classes.
It prevented them from being able to start their own businesses.
Spain never developed a middle class. Economic Fall Severe Inflation-
The population of Spain began to increase.
The value of silver bullion dropped because it began to flood the market.
The price revolution severely strained government budgets. Economic Fall Marriage of Ferdinand and Isabella
It funded foreign ventures militarily.
It allowed them to secure borders of their territories
Ultimately it brought Spain together as a Christian based country. Political Rise Union of Isabella of Castile and Ferdinand of Aragon Supremacy in the Mediterranean-
The Spanish defeated the Ottoman Empire of the Turks.
They conquered Portugal which in turn gave them control of Africa and India. Political Rise Defeat of the Spanish Armada Political Fall In 1588, the Spanish Armada assembled to invade England.
At this, King Phillip of Spain dispatched about 130 ships.
England warships outmaneuvered the Spanish vessels and bombarded the Armada with their heavier long range cannons.
It dealt a crippling blow to Spain's dominance on the seas. Netherlands declared independence
Once they left, Spain was left to fend for themselves.
Spain had to learn to be independent.
They were too dependent on the Netherlands determination t keep Catholicism as a main religion. Political Fall Thanks for watching our presentation!