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Transcript of Language Learning
Tools to Online Learning
Technologies for Online Learning
Ideas for TV Programs
Theories of Language Teaching
Points, Badges and Leaderboards
Grammar and vocab
Reading and writing
Ex. Traditional classroom
Easy for teachers (use mother tongue)
Ineffective by itself
No listening / Speaking
Doesn't develop confidence
Speaking and listening
Imitation of first lang learning
Focus on pronunciation
Drills, situational approach
Teachers speak English
Doesn't focus on grammar and writing.
Ex. Classes speak only English.
Learn language naturally
Speaking and listening skills are developed.
Difficult to execute
Difficult to explain difficult words
Success in private language school, not in public secondary
Combination of Grammar-Translation and Direct Method
Teachers use both languages, L1 to communicate and explain
Students use only English
Better understanding of concepts
Practice listening skills
Focus on grammar, not communication
Dependent on L1
Teachers must speak both language fluently.
Listen and repeat (drills)
Use during WWII
Rarely used nowadays
Communicative Language Teaching (CLT)
focus on meaning and functions
Teacher as facilitator
Learn through problem solving, tasks, participation, interaction (tasked-based instruction)
Focus on communicative skills
Equal emphasis on listening, reading, speaking, writing
Many methods involved, not uniformed
Teachers take many roles
Difficult to do online
Challenging in EFL context (teachers aren't native speaker)
may not match student's learning style
Elements of Fun
Student Perceptions of Effective Foreign Language Teachers:
A Quantitative Investigation from a Korean University
Australian Journal of Teacher Education (2013)
Meet the needs
Provide materials that correspond with the learner's level => Challenging but not too difficult
Topic: relevant and interesting to the learners
=> to engage and encourage participation
Tools: pretests / organize contents into levels / identify prerequisites
Aj.Yosawee: Phonics is important to decoding -> listening, speaking and reading, writing
By reading, listening
Learn vocab in context.
Natural language acquisition
Used by U.S. diplomatic course
Provide good model and opportunities to practice
Can be used with all skills
Need feedback to improve!
Peer Coaching (Discussion Forum)
Learn from each other
Explanation might be more understandable
More resources and examples => CROWDSOURCING
Each method has its benefits and drawbacks.
Which one we use depend on the objectives and skills we would like to develop.
Engaged learners learn more and retain what they learned longer.
Explain directly, clear
Effective when necessary
Easy to produce
Games, Songs, Movies
Fun and engaging
Need good plannings and designs to ensure results
Techniques extracted from the theories, personal experiences, examples and TeachersTV Programs.
When I was young, I studied at Rose Marrie Academy every Saturday. The teachers usually gave me a book, a cassette player, and an hour to read, listen and enjoy. I didn't even realize I was learning English.
from online courses
(Khan, Coursera, TED)
Questions after VDO
Exercises with answers and explanation
embedded questions and exercises @ 0.21-0.46
notice the functions of the exercise page
another example of questions
Guided / Open
Do you understand?
divided into different topics
Promote interaction and practice
Promote speaking skill
Can use alongside chatting
Need an instructor and fixed schedule
Will have costs
Might be difficult to set up the system
Currently used by Coursera, need clear guidelines
Able to learn through homework and evaluation of each other's work
Allow writing and more complex task
Able to do mass assessment
Need a well designed assignment, guidelines and system that will support upload/download of works
"What we're learning from online education"
Some components of online education:
the thinking behind Coursera @6.01 min
Pretty amazing, isn't it?
Of course we cannot copy all that but
we can learn a little bit from it, right?
Here are some of my take-aways...
LENGTH: short, each is part of a bigger curriculum
CONTENT: explanation/ answers to questions from the forum
ORGANIZATION: in a way that allow personalized learning
Those are theories.
Let's see some practices!
sense of achievement
an alternative to evaluation
On top of inspiring stories, we can encourage change of behavior in many ways.
Gamification is the use of game thinking and game mechanics in a non-game context to engage users and solve problems.
feedback on progress
clear suggested action
Gamification for Education
Why videos go viral?
English for Taxi driver (in voice clip - to listen along the way by English Breakfast's hosts)
Collection of Youtube English teaching channel
Other videos for English Learning
Radio is more suitable for taxi drivers.
Louk Golf (learn English in 15 sec)
Yuri (Beginner level)
Collection of English-teaching websites
Kru Tom (a teacher from Lampang)