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Language Learning

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Oil Panjaporn Dhammaniyom

on 14 March 2016

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Transcript of Language Learning

Methods of Language Learning
ENG24
Tools to Online Learning
Technologies for Online Learning

Human Motivation

Ideas for TV Programs
Theories of Language Teaching
Competitiveness
Peers
Points, Badges and Leaderboards
Design
Grammar-Translation
Grammar and vocab
Reading and writing
Translation technique
Mother tongue

Ex. Traditional classroom
Pros
Easy for teachers (use mother tongue)
Cons
Ineffective by itself
No listening / Speaking
Boring
Impractical
Doesn't develop confidence
Direct/Natural Method
Speaking and listening
Imitation of first lang learning
Focus on pronunciation
Drills, situational approach
Teachers speak English
Doesn't focus on grammar and writing.

Ex. Classes speak only English.
Pros
Learn language naturally
Speaking and listening skills are developed.
Cons
Difficult to execute
Difficult to explain difficult words
Success in private language school, not in public secondary
Bilingual
Combination of Grammar-Translation and Direct Method
Teachers use both languages, L1 to communicate and explain
Students use only English


Pros
Better understanding of concepts
Practice listening skills
Cons
Focus on grammar, not communication
Dependent on L1
Teachers must speak both language fluently.
Audio-lingual
Listen and repeat (drills)
Use during WWII
Rarely used nowadays

Communicative Language Teaching (CLT)
Interaction!
focus on meaning and functions
Teacher as facilitator
Learn through problem solving, tasks, participation, interaction (tasked-based instruction)
Pros
Fun
Focus on communicative skills
Equal emphasis on listening, reading, speaking, writing
Cons
Many methods involved, not uniformed
Teachers take many roles
Difficult to do online
Challenging in EFL context (teachers aren't native speaker)
may not match student's learning style
Reference:
http://nsambatcoumar.wordpress.com/2010/07/07/methods-and-approaches-of-teaching-english/
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Communicative_language_teaching
Elements of Fun
Student Perceptions of Effective Foreign Language Teachers:
A Quantitative Investigation from a Korean University
Australian Journal of Teacher Education (2013)
Brainstorming
Meet the needs
Provide materials that correspond with the learner's level => Challenging but not too difficult
Topic: relevant and interesting to the learners
=> to engage and encourage participation
Tools: pretests / organize contents into levels / identify prerequisites
Phonics
Decoding
Aj.Yosawee: Phonics is important to decoding -> listening, speaking and reading, writing
Exposure
By reading, listening
Learn vocab in context.
Natural language acquisition
Directed Practice
Phrasebook-type knowledge
Repeated sentences
Used by U.S. diplomatic course

Modeling and
Practicing
Provide good model and opportunities to practice
Can be used with all skills
Promote usage
Need feedback to improve!
Peer Coaching (Discussion Forum)
Interaction
Learn from each other
Explanation might be more understandable
Encouragement
More resources and examples => CROWDSOURCING
Each method has its benefits and drawbacks.
Which one we use depend on the objectives and skills we would like to develop.
Participation
Engaged learners learn more and retain what they learned longer.
Explicit Explanation
Explain directly, clear
Effective when necessary
Visuals help
Easy to produce
Games, Songs, Movies
Fun and engaging
Need good plannings and designs to ensure results
http://film-english.com/
http://www.bbcactiveenglish.com/goal-2_information.html
http://learnenglish.britishcouncil.org/en/word-games/wordshake
Techniques extracted from the theories, personal experiences, examples and TeachersTV Programs.
When I was young, I studied at Rose Marrie Academy every Saturday. The teachers usually gave me a book, a cassette player, and an hour to read, listen and enjoy. I didn't even realize I was learning English.
Example
from online courses
(Khan, Coursera, TED)
Discussion Forum
Crowdsourcing
Embedded questions
Questions after VDO
Exercises with answers and explanation
Video

Pre-tests
Khan Academy
Example
Organization
http://www.khanacademy.org/
embedded questions and exercises @ 0.21-0.46
notice the functions of the exercise page
another example of questions
Guided / Open
http://www.wordnik.com/
http://www.urbandictionary.com/
Do you understand?
video conference
divided into different topics
http://www.wikipedia.com/
Example:
Others
Video Conference
Pros
Promote interaction and practice
Promote speaking skill
Can use alongside chatting
Cons
Need an instructor and fixed schedule
Will have costs
Might be difficult to set up the system
Self/Peer Assessment
Currently used by Coursera, need clear guidelines
Pros
Able to learn through homework and evaluation of each other's work
Allow writing and more complex task
Able to do mass assessment
Cons
Need a well designed assignment, guidelines and system that will support upload/download of works
"What we're learning from online education"
Some components of online education:
the thinking behind Coursera @6.01 min
Pretty amazing, isn't it?
Of course we cannot copy all that but
we can learn a little bit from it, right?
Here are some of my take-aways...
LENGTH: short, each is part of a bigger curriculum
CONTENT: explanation/ answers to questions from the forum
ORGANIZATION: in a way that allow personalized learning
Those are theories.
Let's see some practices!
rewarding experiences
Motivation
Goal
http://trippenbach.com/2013/04/17/kill-it-with-fire-gamification-sucks-game-dynamics/
http://www.olpglobalkids.org/content/six-ways-look-badging-systems-designed-learning
sense of achievement
an alternative to evaluation
community
support
On top of inspiring stories, we can encourage change of behavior in many ways.
Gamification is the use of game thinking and game mechanics in a non-game context to engage users and solve problems.
Game Dynamics
feedback on progress
clear suggested action
Gamification for Education
Why videos go viral?
`
Feedback
Challenge
Existing programs
English for Taxi driver (in voice clip - to listen along the way by English Breakfast's hosts)
http://www.e4thai.com/e4e/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=554:english-meter&catid=58&Itemid=120
e4thai
Collection of Youtube English teaching channel
http://www.e4thai.com/e4e/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=219:youtube&catid=47&Itemid=111
Other videos for English Learning
http://www.e4thai.com/e4e/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=64:2012-10-11-13-36-28&catid=47&Itemid=111
Radio is more suitable for taxi drivers.
Youtube
Louk Golf (learn English in 15 sec)
https://www.youtube.com/user/TheLittleGolfball/videos
(with Adam)
Yuri (Beginner level)
http://yuri-eng-on-the-rox.exteen.com/20090625/yuri-goes-youtube
Blogs
Collection of English-teaching websites
http://intereladsd2.blogspot.com/2007/01/22.html
Kru Tom (a teacher from Lampang)
http://www.krutomtam.com/
Full transcript