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Dia De Los Muertos

LSU & MEChA workshop
by

eva ochoa

on 5 November 2012

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Transcript of Dia De Los Muertos

Dia de los Muertos
Day of the Dead History How is it celebrated? Sugar Skulls The Spanish conquered Mexico in 1521

Catholicism and Aztec tradition merged into All Saints' Day and All Souls' Day In both public and private places like grave yards and homes. Families will make altars with offerings For the Aztecs and other Mesoamerica civilizations human skulls were seen as trophies and symbolized death and the after life. What is Dia de los Muertos? It is a holiday that celebrates the dead by remembering them and honoring their memory with festivities.

It is one of Mexico's most important holidays that has spread to other countries. Traditionally shaped like a round loaf with rolled strips of dough layered on top that resemble the bones of the dead. A glaze of melted butter and orange zest is then brushed on top, followed by a generous sprinkling of sugar

it is all part of an effort to reconnect with lost loved ones and rejoice in their memory Pan de Muerto Placed on altars along with other food and drink the deceased person enjoyed

Offered as nourishment for the dead as they will be hungry after their journey from the other side At the centerpiece of the altar an ofrenda is placed usually a photo of the person to whom the altar is dedicated.

The altar has three levels, the lowest represents the past, the middle represents the present, and the top layer represents the future/afterlife. Altars Altars are usually made in homes. Surround with flowers, food and pictures of the deceased. Candles and place them next to the altar

Offerings include incense, flowers the deceased's favorite music and food Las "calacas" offer those in the physical world something tangible that captures the loved one's spirit. Marigolds These yellow-orange flowers, also called cempasúchitl, symbolize death. Their strong fragrance also help lead the dead back to their altars. Began with the Olmec and soon the Aztec, Maya, Mixtec, Toltec and Zapotec adopted the celebration.

They celebrated the dead and their ancestors while honoring Mictecacihuatl, Lady of the Dead/ La Catrina. Tissue banner is a popular decoration used to commemorate the holiday. Papel Picado The traditional patterns included angels, birds, the chalice, and crosses.

Traditionally, the colored banners are displayed on October 31, the day the angelitos arrive. On November 1, the angelitos depart and the adults arrive. When this occurs the colored banners are removed, and the black and white ones are displayed. Marigold petals may also be sprinkled on the floor in front of the altar and along a path from the altar to the front door, so that the spirit may find their way inside. The names of the deceased written on the forehead and are later eaten by a relative or friend.

Today, people wear wooden skull masks and dance in honor of their deceased relatives. The wooden skulls are also placed on altars that are dedicated to the dead. La Catrina comes from Mexican folklore. She is Death incarnate. There are many forms and versions of La Catrina.

La Catrina helps to express that we are all mortal so we should enjoy what time we have on earth before she takes us away. Cleaning and decorating graves and holding vigils

Story telling and community festivals Candles are another must have. Purple candles represent pain, pink is for celebration and white for hope, but all the parts of the altar should reflect what the dead enjoyed in the physical world
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