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Period 2 CIVIL WAR ERA RECONSTRUCTION
ERA Reconstructing ~DEATH
DISHONOR~ Reconstruction Era Timeline Effects of the War Causes of
Civil War Slavery Civil War Jamestown Mayflower Compact COLONIZATION ERA 1607, a group of about 100 members of the Virgina Company founded the first permanent english settlement in North America. Diseases and conflict with Native American tribes in the first two years brought Jamestown very close to failure before the arrival of a new group of settlers and supplies in 1610. Tobacco became Virginias first profitable export. A period of peace came after the marriage of John Ralfe and Pocahontas. Jamestown remained capital of Virginas colony until 1609. In 1861,year of tension between the North and South over issues about ; states' rights versus federal authority, westward expansion and slavery exploded into the American Civil War (1861-65). The election of the anti-slavery Republican Abraham Lincoln as president in 1860 caused seven southern states to secede from the Union to form the Confederate States of America; four more joined them after the first shots of the Civil War were fired. Four years of brutal conflict were marked by historic battles at Bull Run (Manassas), Antietam, Chancellorsville, Gettysburg and Vicksburg, among others. The War Between the States, as the Civil War was also known, pitted neighbor against neighbor and in some cases, brother against brother. By the time it ended in Confederate surrender in 1865, the Civil War proved to be the costliest war ever fought on American soil, with some 620,000 of 2.4 million soldiers killed, millions more injured and the population and territory of the South devastated. -unknown World History http://dullbrownhistory.wikispaces.com/file/view/HistoryTimeline.jpg/177169643/1344x526/HistoryTimeline.jpg * Economic and social differences between North and the South
*States VS. Federal rights
*Fight between slave and Non- slave state proponents
*Growth of abolition movement
*The election of Abraham Licoln Slavery in America began when the first African slaves were brought to the North American colony of Jamestown, Virginia, in 1619, to aid in the production of such lucrative crops as tobacco. Slavery was practiced throughout the American colonies in the 17th and 18th centuries, and African-American slaves helped build the economic foundations of the new nation. The invention of the cotton gin in 1793 solidified the central importance of slavery to the South's economy. By the mid-19th century, America's westward expansion, along with a growing abolition movement in the North, would provoke a great debate over slavery that would tear the nation apart in the bloody American Civil War (1861-65). Though the Union victory freed the nation's 4 million slaves, the legacy of slavery continued to influence American history, from the tumultuous years of Reconstruction (1865-77) to the civil rights movement that emerged in the 1960s, a century after emancipation. The Civil War was one of the most tragic wars in American history. More Americans died then in all other wars combined. Brother fought against brother and the nation was torn apart. In the end, we must look at the important consequences of the conflict.
A. The nation was reunited and the southern states were not allowed to secede.
B. The South was placed under military rule and divided into military districts. Southern states then had to apply for readmission to the Union.
C. The Federal government proved itself supreme over the states. Essentially this was a war over states rights and federalism and the victor was the power of the national government.
D. Slavery was effectivly ended. While slavery was not officially outlawed until the passage of the 13th amendment, the slaves were set free upon the end of the war.
E. Reconstruction, the plan to rebuild America after the war, began.
F. Industrialism began as a reult of the increase in wartime production and the development of new technologies. Important People of Jamestown Cheif Powhatan
Pocohantos The Union victory in the Civil War in 1865 may have given some 4 million slaves their freedom, but the process of rebuilding the South during the Reconstruction period (1865-1877) introduced a new set of significant challenges. Under the administration of President Andrew Johnson in 1865 and 1866, new southern state legislatures passed restrictive "black codes" to control the labor and behavior of former slaves and other African Americans. Outrage in the North over these codes eroded support for the approach known as Presidential Reconstruction and led to the triumph of the more radical wing of the Republican Party. During Radical Reconstruction, which began in 1867, newly enfranchised blacks gained a voice in government for the first time in American history, winning election to southern state legislatures and even to the U.S. Congress. In less than a decade, however, reactionary forces–including the Ku Klux Klan–would reverse the changes wrought by Radical Reconstruction in a violent backlash that restored white supremacy in the South