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Traditional Marriage In Ghana

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Emmanuel Oduro

on 9 April 2014

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Transcript of Traditional Marriage In Ghana

Traditional Marriage In Ghana
Where are they?
The Akans are one of the 10 ethnic groups that make up Ghana. They are the largest ethnic group, seeing as they make up about 50% of the Ghanaian population. Their language is Twi, and that is spoken all over ghana. Some of the regions that speak Twi are the Ashanti, Brong-Ahafo, Central, Easter, Western, and some parts of the Volta Regiond
Marriage Ceremonies
All over Ghana, marriage ceremonies are quite similar. Most of them start off with talking between families, then setting of dates and marriage terms (dowry, Bridal price) and lastly the marriage ceremony
Languages
Overall in Ghana, there are about 250 local languages. There are only 9 government-sponsored languages which include the Akan language, Ewe, Dagbani, Dangme. Dagaare, Ga, Nzema, Kazem, and Gonja
"Kasasie"
A literal translation of "Kasasie" is Hidden talks. During “Kasasie”, a man who wishes to marry must first discuss his intentions with the girl concerned. The reason for this is he has to make sure that the girl will marry him before he informs his parents. That is why these secret meetings are called “Kasasie”
The Knocking
-Abowmu Bodzwe-
When the boy’s parents are satisfied with the results from their investigation, the father, through a delegation, informs the girls parents about his son’s intentions. This is known as “Abowmu Bodzwe” or “Opon-akyi bo” (knocking ceremony.) This announcement is made with a pot of palm wine or in recent times a bottle of schnapps. Some money is added to the drink as to symbolize that the boy can really take care of his in-laws-to-be’s daughter. Amounts differ from community to community.
The Investigation
After “Kasasie” the man tells his mother or an elderly person about his intentions. Whoever he tells will then inform his father about his intentions to marry and then if the mother does not agree she will discourage the husband (the man’s father.) But after his father agrees, an investigation will start into the girl’s background and conduct. The investigation is all about the background of both the boy and the girl’s family. SOme of they things look for are barreness or impotency, histories of mental illness and other things that they think could affect their marriage or their off spring.

The Marriage
Ceremony
The marriage ceremony is usually held early in the morning . it is done in the woman’s house. when they start the ceremony, what happens is that they start the ceremony without the man or the woman. they say a prayer or pour libation to start the process. after the prayer, the abusiapanin of the woman’s side introduces himself and welcomes the guest who are the man’s family and then the abusuapanin of the man’s family also introduces himself and announces their intent or the reason they are there. After the dialogue between the two families. The groom’s family hands over the gifts as in the items on the dowry to the bride’s family. After the presentation the man’s family then requires the bride to be present. The bride’s family sends people to go and bring her to the family wedding.


Setting Up the Marriage
To set up the marriage, the man’s father informs the woman’s parents about the date of the marriage. Then both the parents inform their maternal relatives to send delegates to the marriage ceremony. On the marriage day the father sends a representative to perform the marriage rites.
Tribes of Ghana
The Marriage Ceremony
Leading up to the Marriage Ceremony
The Akans
After the “Abowmu Bodzwe,” the girl’s parents ask the boy’s delegation to go and come back for an answer after some time. This enables the girl’s family to find out if she really want’s to marry the boy. They then also investigate the boy’s background and conduct. When they are satisfied they call the boy’s family to come forward and inform them of their decision.
The investigation is all about the background of both the boy and the girl’s family. Some of they things look for are barreness or impotency, histories of mental illness and other things that they think could affect their marriage or their off spring.
The Final Stages of the Ceremony
The bride’s father will ask her three times whether she would like to marry the man. If she answers yes all three times, then members of both families will bless the marriage and then they are happily married.

The union is blessed and then there is a party that happens in the house to celebrate the marriage. These parties can go on for long.
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