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THE CURRENT STATE OF ICT TECHNOLOGIES
Transcript of THE CURRENT STATE OF ICT TECHNOLOGIES
THE CURRENT STATE OF ICT TECHNOLOGIES
.......Put together, therefore, ICT has been defined as:
The acquisition, analysis, manipulation, storage and distribution of information; and the design and provision of equipment and software for these purposes.
More than three in ten homes in the developing world have Internet access.
Mobile phones have replaced fixed-line phones as the default technology for communication.
INFORMATION COMMUNICATION TECHNOLOGY
"Information" means many things to many people, depending on the context. Scientifically, information is processed data. Information can also be loosely defined as that which aids decision making. Information, though abstract, could also be visualized as a commodity, which could be bought or sold.
Any potentially useful fact, quantity or value that can be expressed uniquely with exactness. Information is whatever is capable of causing a human mind to change its opinion about the current state of the real world.
"Communication" refers to the transfer or exchange of information from person to person or from one place to another. When action produces a reaction, whether positive or negative, communication has taken place. Other writers in the field of communication studies have defined communication as: a process: a transfer of information, ideas, thoughts and messages. It involves a sender, a receiver, a code and, a language that is understood by both the sender and the receiver.
"Technology" refers to the use of scientific knowledge to invent tools that assist human beings in their efforts to overcome environmental hazards and impediments to comfort. In this regard, technology refers to the things like the computer, telephone, cell phone, GSM handsets, television, radio, etc.
Welcome to Web 3.0.
The internet, Web 1.0, is so incredibly powerful that even now, almost 20 years later, we have only begun to explore its potential. Web 2.0, with its YouTube, Facebook, Flickr and blogs galore is even younger and shows even more potential.
WEB 2.0 TECHNOLOGIES APPLICATION IN
TEACHING AND LEARNING
Web 2.0 describes World Wide Web sites that emphasize user-generated content, usability, and interoperability. The term was popularized by Tim O'Reilly and Dale Dougherty at the O'Reilly Media Web 2.0 Conference in late 2004, though it was coined by Darcy DiNucci in 1999.
"Web 2.0 changes us from
passive to active information consumers, allowing our online voice to be part of the
Information and Communication Technology (ICT)
is a composite term, which embodies three important concepts. To understand ICT, one must understand all three concepts.
Web 2.0 and higher education: changing approaches to learning and teaching
2.0 trends in distance education, globalization, digital literacy skills, and collective
intelligence are now driving the restructuring of academic programs
Discussions of Results
In a study conducted in United States in 2011, the majority - 58% said that they feel
comfortable using web 2.0 technologies to connect with other students to discuss
homework assignments and exams and they wished their instructors would incorporate
sites like Twitter, MySpace, LinkedIn and Google+ into the curriculum more often.
Now, thanks to the work of the WIP project, we may be on the brink of a new internet, a new world wide web. One where users can spontaneously create their own networks, in minutes, and with any kind of data device – mobile or fixed, handheld or deskbound.
Along with a summary of approaches to Webs 1.0 and 2.0, the authors contend that a more complex and poststructuralist theoretical approach to the notion of, and the phenomenon of Web 3.0, offers a more interesting and appropriate theoretical grounding for understanding its particularities.
ICTS AS APPROPRIATE
However, even with these words of caution, in Africa and Asia-Pacific, almost every interviewee considered ICTs as appropriate to their society for various reasons, even in the face of poverty. The reasons were as follows: for Africa,
· ICTs were generally seen as the basic tool for survival in the next century;
· ICTs were seen to enhance efficiency in the workplace;
· there was a high belief in ICT ability to increase the ease and speed of social communication and at the same time obviate the problem of transportation;
· ICTs help solve socio-economic problems;
· among university academics, ICTs help them reach out to colleagues in other parts of the world and keep them up to date with developments in their disciplines;
· there was the belief that ICTs help to monitor crime in society, and
· there was the ultimate belief that ICT usage will make Africa to become part of the global trend.