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History of Engineering
Transcript of History of Engineering
and Trevor Bynum History of Engineering The Industrial Revolution 1760-1850 In 1760, James Hargreaves invented the spinning jenny. It caused a revolution in the textile industry because they sped up the process of making thread for weaving. In 1793, Eli Whitney invented the cotton gin, which increased cotton production because it sped up the process of removing seeds from cotton. Invention of the Silicon Chip Modern Inventions July 1958 In 1778, James Watt's steam engine was
used in most of American's early transportation
such as trains and boats. It was also used to power
oil derricks which was quicker than using man power
to drill for oil. Citations "How the Steam Engine Changed the World." LiveScience.com. N.p., n.d. Web. 13 Sept. 2012. <http://www.livescience.com/2612-steam-engine-changed-world.html>. On July 1958, at the Texas Instruments electronics plant in Dallas, Texas, Jack Kilby developed a complete electrical circuit only 1 cm in size, called the silicon chip, or the intergrated circuit. Roman Empire 753 B.C.- 476 A.D. Romans used aqueducts built to
transport water from mountains into
major cities Romans built roads to connect the city of
Rome to all of their conquered lands. In 1785, a steam powered machine called the
power loom was invented by Edmund Cartwright.
It made combining threads to make cloth a lot faster. Romans created Amphoras made of clay
that were used to hold various liquids like
oils and wine. The invention of the chip made things like
personal computers, smart phones, calculators,
etc. possible today. Many electronics are also drastically
reduced in size, such as computers...
they used to be the size of a room,
now they're only the size of a notebook. Montagna, Joseph A. "81.02.06: The Industrial Revolution." 81.02.06: The Industrial Revolution. N.p., n.d. Web. 16 Sept. 2012. <http://www.yale.edu/ynhti/curriculum/units/1981/2/81.02.06.x.html>. "See Also." The Chip That Jack Built. N.p., n.d. Web. 16 Sept. 2012. <http://www.ti.com/corp/docs/kilbyctr/jackbuilt.shtml> Chorlton, Windsor. The Invention of the Silicon Chip: A Revolution in Daily Life. Chicago, IL: Heinemann Library, 2002. pg. 1-2. Print. The silicon chip also improved
the function and efficiency of
robots, which can be used in
manufacturing goods so
more people can work in offices. then... now... Steve Jobs introduced the first iPhone in January 9, 2007. Because of iPhone, we can now all own a "all purpose" electronic device. Romans used the first design of paddle boats on their
trade boats and battle ships. The paddle boats were
powered by oxen but most commonly humans. 2000-the present In 2000, Toyota released the Toyota Prius, the first hybrid four-door sedan available in the United States. These type of cars produce less CO2, which is the leading cause of global warming. "Ancient Roman Inventions." Ancient Roman Inventions. N.p., n.d. Web. 18 Sept. 2012. <http://www.mariamilani.com/ancient_rome/ancient_roman_inventions.html>. The Xbox 360 first released on November 22, 2005. Gaming is significantly improved by these systems. The first LCD TV display was conceived by inventor and
electrical engineer George Heilmeier in May 1968. In the 2000's, the flat LCD screens gained popularity because the video quality is better than the older generation of TV's. Technological Evolution 1900-1940 First innovated in America by Lee DeForest in 1909. Radio was the first major source of entertainment a.nd information. Henry Ford created the assembly line and mass
produced cars such as the "Model T" in 1908. This car has promoted the creation of the cars we have today. In 1903, the Wright brothers invented and tested their airplane, called the Flyer. It was the first successful pioleted flight in history.
They helped set up the building of the planes we have today. The End! Richard, Cicely A. "Who Invented the First Airplane?" EHow. Demand Media, 18 Mar. 2009. Web. 19 Sept. 2012. <http://www.ehow.com/facts_4856175_who-invented-first-airplane.html>. Maclaurin, W. Rupert, and R. Joyce. Harman. Invention & Innovation in the Radio Industry,. New York: Macmillan, 1949. Print.