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Medical Nutrition Therapy: Anemia

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by

Lauren Famatigan

on 7 November 2013

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Transcript of Medical Nutrition Therapy: Anemia

Anemia
Condition where your blood lacks enough red blood cells or hemoglobin
The most common blood condition in the U.S.

Heme- in animal foods
Nonheme- plant foods
Why is MNT important?
Medical Nutrition Therapy is important for anemia because if it is left untreated, their can be damage to organs, and can even lead to heart failure. Therefore it is necessary to treat low iron intake with the right foods.
Medical Nutrition Therapy Presentation
Medical Nutrition Therapy: Anemia
Group #3: Grace Kim
Sandy Bohunita
Lauren Famatigan
Full Day Menu
Iron Deficiency Anemia (IDA)
Body does not have enough iron to make hemoglobin
Less and smaller than usual red blood cells
IDA doesn’t develop immediately:
-iron depletion
-iron deficiency
-IDA

Causes of IDA
Poor diet
Pregnancy
Menstruation
Donating blood frequently
Growth spurts
Poor absorption of Fe
Celiac disease
Bowel resection
Gastrectomy
Symptoms of IDA
Diagnosing IDA
Hematocrit is measured (percentage of red blood cells in a blood sample)
-women: 38%-46%
-men: 42%-54%
Serum iron and ferritin levels
Hemoglobin test

IDA Treatment
Iron supplements (by mouth or intravenously)
Eating iron-rich foods
Blood counts usually return to normal in 2 months

Fatigue
Weakness
Shortness of breath
Dizziness
Arrhythmias
Strange cravings for non-food items
RDA
(from ods.od.nih.gov)
Dietary Changes
Foods with iron
 Cereals/breads fortified
 Liver
 Lentils and beans
 Tofu
 Green leafy vegetables
 Lean red meat
 Rish
 Dried fruit (apricots, prunes, raisins)
 Prune juice
Two forms of iron:
Tips
 Eat meals that also help absorb iron, like foods with Vitamin C (orange juice, strawberries, broccoli, etc.)
 Folic Acid and Vitamin B12
 Avoid coffee, milk, tea, calcium
 Don’t take pills without talking to doctor (harmful side effects if too much iron)
 Use cast iron pots
Assorted Fruit
Fortified Cornflake Cereal
Whole Wheat Toast

Orange Juice
Lunch

Southwestern Kale Salad
Lentil & Black Bean Chili
Cornbread

Peaches & Cream

Lemonade
Hot Apple Cider
Breakfast
Dinner

Grilled Fish Tacos
Tortilla Chips Pico De Gallo

Fresh Pineapple
Nutritional Analysis
Lunch: 18.70 mg iron, high in potassium, phosphorus, calcium, vitamin C, vitamin K
Full Day Menu: 28.94 mg iron, high in potassium, vitamin C, vitamin K
Tablescape
The Best of the Southwest
Full transcript