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"Jumping Frog of Calvares County"
Transcript of "Jumping Frog of Calvares County"
"The Jumping Frog of Calavares County" is Twain's retelling of a popular 19th century tall tale.
Why are we reading this?
Demonstrates many of the features prevalent in the Realism writings.
Gives an excellent example of Regionalism, specifically.
Serves as an example of the way dialect was used by the realist authors to create a distinct style, mood, and purpose.
Serves as an example of Twain's writing.
As you read...
Analyze the dialect--how does it affect the story (mood, tone, narrative pace, etc.)?
Identify the story within the story (frame tale).
Evaluate the use of the frame tale: is it an effective tool to help Twain achieve his purpose?
What kind of characterization do you see?
Where do we see evidence that this is an example of Realism and Regionalism?
Introduction, key terms, and setting purpose
"The Notorious Jumping Frog of Calaveras County"
By Mark Twain
Tall tale= An exaggerated, unreliable story: “My uncle claims that he was raised in a drainage ditch, but it's just another of his tall tales.”
Frame tale= A literary technique whereby an introductory or main narrative is presented for the purpose of setting the stage either for a more emphasized second narrative or for a set of shorter stories. The frame story leads readers from a first story into another, smaller one (or several ones) within it.
Dialect= A variation of language that is specific to a region or group of people.
This story is...
A solid example of Regionalism.
What is Regionalism again?
A frame tale.
A great example of the use of dialect that was commonly used by Realist writers.
We are going to start out listening to the audio recording of this story. Then, when you're comfortable with the sound of the dialect, I'll let you finish the reading at your tables--you can try to mimic the dialect. :-)
Either during or after the reading, you will want to work on the following:
Mark a * where the main story begins and another * where the main story ends and we are brought back to the frame.
10 annotations. Consider:
Evidence of Realism/Regionalism
Clues about possible themes
Characterization methods of main characters
Humor and influences to TONE.
Mark Twain = pseudonym; his real name is Samuel Clemens.
Check out how he came up with his pseudonym; it has importance to his interests and career aspirations.
Born in Missouri
Father died when he was 14
Apprenticed as a printer at age 15 and worked as a printer to age 20.
At 21, went to New Orleans and became a riverboat pilot (a jot he'd always wanted)
Civil War was going on, so he couldn't be a riverboat captain.
Went west to find work as a journalist/reporter for several newspapers in CA.
While in Hawaii reporting, he drafted many humorous articles, which he later used as the basis for a lecture series, which launched him into the "public eye."
Eventually, he quit working for papers and instead focused solely on his writing. He became famous from his novels, especially _Huck Finn_, which serves as evidence of how southern citizens who weren't entirely supportive of slavery viewed the racial inequities in the south.