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Imperialism In Nigeria

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lauryn lewis

on 5 February 2014

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Transcript of Imperialism In Nigeria

European Imperialism in Nigeria
What were some practices during imperialism?
Political Practices:
Resistance to imperialism
Pros and cons of Imperialism:
Cites used:
- "CDA's World History Wiki." Imperialism Case Study: Nigeria -. N.p., n.d. Web. 01 Feb. 2014.

- "Historoda." Historoda. N.p., n.d. Web. 01 Feb. 2014.
Population of Nigeria: 168.8 million people
HOW Long Did Imperialism Last in Nigeria?
Imperialism lasted from
What is Imperialism?
Imperialism is when a superior nation or region takes over an inferior nation or region to dominate the economic, political, and cultural life.
Who conquered Nigeria?
The British dominated Nigerian land.
Why did the British want to take over Nigerian land?
British exploited Nigeria, in view of the fact that, Nigeria was the tenth largest oil producing country in the world, and had over one hundred oil and gasoline companies operating in Nigeria. Since Nigeria had a weak military force, it was not difficult for the British to conquer Nigeria.
Why were the Nigerians treated Poorly during imperialism?

The Europeans treated the Nigerians poorly, because the Europeans thought the Nigerians were inferior to them. The Europeans believed that the Nigerians were uncivilized and uneducated.
Did the Nigerians benefit from imperialism in Nigeria?
Although Nigerians were exploited through European power, the Europeans did bring some positivity to Nigeria by the Nigerians receiving an education and learned how to read and write. Also the Nigerians received health care.
What were some motives for imperialism in Nigeria?
British desired more power in competition with others.
They also believed they were superior to others and wanted to explore new lands.
Christians wanted to civilize natives. In Africa there were about 1,000 ethnic groups.
The new inventions made during the Industrial Revolution gave the British superior technology. Faster engines to move boats and trains through steam power were mad as well as the first automatic machine gun.
- Nigerians had to pay taxes in order to pay for government.
- British caused rivalries between ethnic groups in order to maintain control and have less violent fighting between the Nigerians and British.
Economic Practices:
- Nigerians had to mine for minerals which were sent to "mother" countries.
- Forced labor required relocation of people which lead to the breakdown of family structures.
Social Practices:
- New social classes were created which put the British in the upper class and the Natives in the lower class.
- Africans learned to read and write but their tradition and culture was taken away.
The Berlin conference:
Many nations competed for African land which was known as the "scramble for Africa". To avoid war, 14 nations met at the Berlin Conference in 1884-1885 to divide the African land. No thought was given to what Africans wanted, no Africans were invited or present at the conference.
African reaction before
varied from place to place. A few groups in West Africa gave welcome in hope for peace. Other parts resisted but many were not affected by early imperialism.
was the Battle of Isandhlawana. In
in South Africa Zulu army defeated 8,000 European soldiers. Chimurenga Resistance in early
's in Zimbabwe land was stolen by British, Africans were armed in the uprising.
Libya Resistance in
. Italy tried to bring Libya under control Libyans defended themselves for years. In
they were finally colonized.
Europeans stopped any serious resistance. For the next 20 years Africans changed to 1 of 4 tactics which were:
- Made demands for opportunity in governments.
- Used religous opposition.
- Held mass protests and riots against demands made by Europeans.
- Practiced economic oppositions.
+ Better trade routes and access to supplies.
+ Africans learned how to read and write.
+ Africans received medical assistance.
+ Africans became educated on how their resources are useful.
+ Railways and mines were created.
+ Africans learned other languages such as English and French.
+ Africans became civilized and educated.
- Europeans paid no attention to cultural differences or tribal.
- African religion and culture was taken away and they were taught European beliefs and religion and culture.
- Innocent people were taken to the Americas as slaves.
- Many families were separated during the division of land.
- Forced labor was used upon Africans to get resources for Europeans.
Lauryn Lewis, Ruth Bizuneh, Alan Martino, & Cesar Cardenas
Period 4 Geography Presentation
Full transcript