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JOhn Milton - Paradise Lost

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by

Malika Demeuova

on 29 January 2014

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Transcript of JOhn Milton - Paradise Lost

receive grace from God
to "bow and sue for grace with suppliant knee",
English poet John Milton (1608–1674)
polemicist, man of letters, and a civil servant for the Commonwealth of England under Oliver Cromwell. He wrote at a time of religious flux and political upheaval, and is best known for his epic poem Paradise Lost (1667), written in blank verse.
drafts & editions
John Milton was nearly sixty when he published Paradise Lost in 1667. The poem was begun in about 1658 and finished in about 1663. But parts were almost certainly written earlier, and its roots lie in Milton's earliest youth.
possibly the English Civil War interrupted Milton's earliest attempts to start his "epic [poem] that would encompass all space and time."

The first version, published in 1667, consisted of ten books ( 10) with over ten thousand lines ( 10 000) of verse.

A second edition followed in 1674, arranged into twelve ( 12) books (in the manner of Virgil's Aeneid) with minor revisions throughout and a note on the versification.
"
the poem...Biblical story of the Fall of Man
In a vision shown to him by the
angel

Michael
, Adam witnesses everything that will happen to mankind until the
Great Flood
.
Adam is very upset by this vision of the future, so
Michael
also tells him about humankind's potential redemption from original sin through Jesus Christ (whom Michael calls
"King Messiah"
).
Adam and Eve in Paradise World
John Milton - Paradise Lost ( 1668)
Malika D.402

about John...
William Hayley's
1796 biography called him "
the greatest English author,"
and he remains generally regarded "
as one of the preeminent writers in the English language,
Angelic War over Heaven
At the final battle, the Son of God single-handedly defeats the entire legion of angelic rebels and banishes them from Heaven. Following this purge,
God creates the World
, culminating in his creation of
Adam and Eve
.
narrative arch
Satan and the other rebel angels have been defeated and banished to Hell -Tartarus.
In Pandæmonium, Satan employs his rhetorical skill to organise his followers; he is aided by Mammon and Beelzebub. Belial and Moloch are also present.
At the end of the debate, Satan volunteers to poison the newly created Earth and God's new and
most favoured creation,

Mankind
. He enters God's new material World, and later the Garden of Eden.
Adam and Eve are presented for the first time in Christian literature as having a full relationship while still being without sin. They have passions and distinct personalities. Satan, disguised in the form of a serpent, successfully tempts Eve to eat from the Tree by preying on her vanity and tricking her with rhetoric.
Adam, learning that Eve has sinned, knowingly commits the same sin.

After eating the fruit, Adam and Eve soon fall asleep and have terrible nightmares, and after they awake, they experience
guilt
and
shame
for the first time.

Realizing that they have committed a terrible act against God, they engage in
mutual recrimination.
Milton portrays Adam as a heroic figure, but also as a greater sinner than Eve, as he is aware that what he is doing is wrong.
God gave Adam and Eve total
freedom and power to rule
over all creation


Adam and Eve are cast out of Eden, and Michael says that Adam may find
"a paradise within thee, happier far".
P.S Adam and Eve also now have a more distant relationship with God, who is omnipresent but invisible
He gave them one explicit command: not to eat from the Tree of the knowledge of good and evil on penalty of death.
Full transcript