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Alexander the great
Transcript of Alexander the great
during Philip’s attack on Byzantium,
I defeated the Maedi, a Thracian people;
two years later I commanded the left wing at the Battle of Chaeronea,
in which Philip defeated the allied Greek states,
and displayed personal courage in breaking the Sacred Band of Thebes.
A year later Philip divorced Olympias; and, after a scene at a feast held to
celebrate his father’s new marriage,
Me and me mom fled to Epirus, and I later went to Illyria.
Shortly afterward,my father and I were reconciled and Alexander returned,
but my position as heir was jeopardized. 340 - 338 B.C I was born in 356 BC at Pella in Macedonia, I am the son of Philip II and Olympias.
From age 13 to 16 I was taught by Aristotle,
who inspired me with an interest in philosophy, medicine,
and scientific investigation, but I was later to advance beyond my teacher’s narrow precept that non-Greeks
should be treated as slaves. My Birth With Greece under control, I turned to my father's plan for attacking the Persian Empire. In 334 B.C., I led an army of about 35,000 men and cavalry from Europe to Asia. The Persians sent out troops that met my forces at the Granicus River. My cavalry and I charged across the river and won the battle. This victory opened Asia Minor for me. 334 B.C After marching along the southern coast of Asia Minor, my army and I headed north to the city of Gordium. There, according to legend, I found a wagon with an ox yoke tied by a tight, complex knot.
An ancient prophecy said that whoever could untie this knot would become ruler of Asia.
According to the most famous version of the story,
I first tried unsuccessfully to untie the knot and then drew my sword and cut it in a single stroke. 334 B.C By 333 B.C., I had reached the coast of Syria. There, in the battle of Issus, I defeated the king of Persia, Darius III, but could not capture him. We chased him to an island where I ordered my engineers to build a way out to the island, converting it into a peninsula that remains up till today. My troops used such weapons as battering rams, catapults, and mobile towers in their attacks. 333-332 B.C I next entered Egypt. The Egyptians welcomed me as a liberator from Persian rule, and they crowned me pharaoh. On the western edge of the Nile Delta, I founded a city in 331 B.C. and
named it Alexandria after myself.
From Alexandria, the Macedonian king made a long, difficult hike through the Libyan Desert, a part of the Sahara, to the oasis of Siwah. 332 - 331 B.C 331 B.C 330 B.C 327 B.C I easily captured the city of Babylon and then the Persian capital: Susa. In the winter of 330 B.C., my army marched to Persepolis. There I seized the royal palaces and captured a vast storehouse of gold and silver. Before leaving Persepolis, I had my soldiers burn down the palaces. In the spring of 330 B.C.,
I swung north toward the Caspian Sea to find Darius. The Persian king could not gather enough troops to fight me, and he was killed by his own nobles. The death of
Darius left me king of Asia. 330 B.C 3 years later I moved my army into Bactria and then across the Hindu Kush mountains into Sogdiana, overcoming local military challenges as I went.
In 327 B.C., I married the Bactrian princess Roxane. I left Egypt in 331 B.C., At this time the Persians far outnumbered my army, but my tactics and the training of my troops proved superior in the fight. I forced Darius to flee, and he escaped across the Zagros Mountains into Media. This clash of armies, known as the Battle of Gaugamela or the Battle of Arbela, ended more than two centuries of Persian rule in Asia. In 325 B.C., I had ships built,
and part of my army sailed westward from the
mouth of the Indus River. These
troops explored the northern shore of the
Arabian Sea and the Persian Gulf.
I led the rest of my troops west
across the Desert of Gedrosia.
As many as half of my forces died on the way--more
soldiers than any enemy army had killed. 325 B.C 317 - 300 B.C My Death (323 B.C) By 326 B.C., my forces had
reached the upper Indus River Valley,
what is nowPakistan. I wanted
to continue east toward the Ganges River.
But my homesick troops were tired of
traveling and refused to follow
me any farther eastward. 326 B.C In the spring of 323 B.C., I became
seriously ill with a fever at Babylon.
I also suffered from exhaustion and
the effects of several battle wounds.
I died at the age of 32 on June 10, 323 B.C.
My body was placed in a glass
coffin in a special tomb at Alexandria.
In 326 B.C Plots against my
life appeared, and I executed several
prominent Greeks and Macedonians
who I believed had conspired against me.
In a drunken fight,I killed my good friend Cleitus, who had saved my life at Granicus. 326 B.C No one succeeded me in the rule of my vast empire.
My leading generals became governors of various areas and
fought among themselves for control of the empire.
By 300 B.C., my empire had split into a number of independent states.
The three most powerful states were led by my generals
Antigonus, Ptolemy, and Seleucus. 317 B.C 338 B.C 330 B.C After I died, my half-brother, Philip III Arrhidaeus, became king of Macedonia. At that time, Roxane was pregnant with my son, Alexander 4, who later shared rule over the Macedonians with Philip. But Philip was murdered in 317 B.C., and young Alexander was killed about seven years later. "I am indebted to my father for living, but to my teacher for living well."
Alexander the Great Work Cited Borza, Eugene N., Ph. D. "Alexander the Great, King of the Macedonia." Alexander the Great, King of the Macedonia. Pennsylvania State Univ., n.d. Web. 21 Oct. 2012. <http://franklaughter.tripod.com/cgi-bin/histprof/misc/alexander.html>. "Alexander the Great Biography." Bio.com. A&E Networks Television, n.d. Web. 20 Oct. 2012. <http://www.biography.com/people/alexander-the-great-9180468>. Borza, Eugene N., Ph. D. "Alexander the Great." History.com. A&E Television Networks, n.d. Web. 30 Oct. 2012. <http://www.history.com/topics/alexander-the-great>. "Alexander the Great." Encyclopedia of World Biography. 2004. Encyclopedia.com. 30 Oct. 2012 <http://www.encyclopedia.com>. Great The