Transcript of The Holocaust - Nazi Transport Trains
Holocaust Trains By Dylan Hadden Trains operated by German Nazis Text/Info Citations Holocaust Trains Used to transport Jews and others to Nazi concentration camps This picture shows the bodies of Jews being removed from the Iasi-Calarasi death train in Targu-Frumos Holocaust Trains Nazis proposed a "Final Solution" which ultimately meant the mass extermination of 11 million Jews, if fully carried out. These trains made the "Final Solution" possible. Holocaust Trains The Advantages Trains could allow up to 200% of what the SS regulated as 50 passengers. It required less man power than death marches. Holocaust Trains - The Conditions They weren't offered any food or water, and they were often on these trains for days at a time (average of 4) with a bucket serving as a latrine. Holocaust Trains Approximately 4 Million people were transported via railway, according to Polish records and estimation. - The Numbers During the winter, an average of a sixth of the train's passengers perished on a trip, and the longest known transport, of 18 days, resulted in all the passengers dead. Holocaust Trains - The Numbers continued According to SS and Polish records, about 4 million people were transported via railway, but often these trains were loaded with 150-200% capacity, so data can only be drawn by estimations. This image depicts the infamous Auschwitz train ramp, the separation between life and death. Over 1600 trains were used. Holocaust Trains - The Conditions continued Holocaust Trains - The Conditions continued Other times, if a train were late, prisoners were forced to remain in cramped waiting rooms for days at a time waiting for the next train to arrive. Holocaust Trains - The Disadvantages While the trains were efficient and easy, they were their own economic problem. It cost the Nazis money that could otherwise have be spent on the war effort to build and operate the 1600 trains used to ship their victims. Holocaust Trains - The Disadvantages continued In addition, transporting Jews in slowly moving train convoys occupied valuable rail lanes that were used to ship supplies to the Russian front. Holocaust Trains - The Conditions continued Some train cars were even open to the elements, without any roof or covering to keep rain or snow out. The Death Trains went on despite weather conditions. "German Railways and the Holocaust." Holocaust Encyclopedia. United States Holocaust Memorial Museum. May 11, 2011. http://www.ushmm.org/wlc/en/article.php?ModuleId=10005445. 12/12/12. Enghelberg, Hedi. "The Trains of the Holocaust." Enghelberg.com. April 17, 2008. http://www.enghelberg.com/ediciones/trains_holocaust.htm. 12/12/12. Rabbi Eliyahu Ellis and Rabbi Shmuel Silinsky. "The Trains." Holocaust Studies. December 31, 1969. http://www.aish.com/ho/o/48970811.html. 12/12/12. Image Citations "German Railways and the Holocaust." Holocaust Encyclopedia. United States Holocaust Memorial Museum. May 11, 2011. http://www.ushmm.org/wlc/en/article.php?ModuleId=10005445. 12/12/12. Holocaust Train. Wikipedia. Full transcript
December 12, 2012. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Holocaust_train. 12/12/12. "Holocaust Train Images." Google Images. https://www.google.com/search?q=holocaust+trains+jews Holocaust Trains The European railway was used primarily in the Eastern European countries such as Russia and Poland, etc. but was also employed in Western Europe by means of Italy, the Netherlands, Belgium and France. Holocaust Trains The Train Cars The Places Because there were many different types of rail cars, it is difficult to specify dimensions, but many estimations can be made about surviving freight cars, that may have been used to transport Jews during the time period. "Rail Car." Illionois Holocaust and Education Center. November 9, 2005. http://www.ilholocaustmuseum.org/pages/rail_car/132.php. 12/12/12. Holocaust Trains Holocaust Trains Holocaust Trains Holocaust Trains The Train Cars continued These cars were roughly 10 meters, or 31 feet in length, and had a width of 4 meters, or about 7 feet. If the train car had a roof or covering of any type, it would be an average of 7 feet in height.
Holocaust Trains The Advantages continued The use of trains sped up the scale at which mass extermination could occur. It also allowed the Nazis to operate more efficient death camps in an effective, cheap way. - The Numbers continued 50 people in a boxcar X 50 boxcars = 2,500 people in each convoy. This was the minimum standard load required by the SS, but it was seldom such minimums were not met. The Advantages continued The SS used the trains to convince the Jews that they were being sent to better living conditions, outside the ghetto. This kept the Jewish population, in general, more submissive and less resistant while they were being deported.