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William Shakespeare

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Crystal Leung

on 1 December 2013

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Transcript of William Shakespeare

William Shakespeare
Natia Ser 8D (15)
Ariel Lok 8D (6)
Elize Wu 8D (10)
Crystal Leung 8D (5)
Mioie Kwok 8D (3)
During the Elizabethan Era...
Few theatres were built…
The first proper theatre “The Theatre” (1576)
The Rose Theatre (1587)
The Globe Theatre (1599)
The Hope Theatre (1613)

'The Theatre"
Shoreditch, London, 1576
James Burbage, the owner
Giles Allen, the ground landlord
New theatre built, the Globe

The Globe
Peter Smith, the carpenter, 1599
Said to be a brothel and gambling house
Hercules carrying a globe on his shoulders

“foul papers” or prompts
“cue acting”
“cue scripting”
Unfairness to females
Edward Alleyn, Will Kempe

Gambling and bear baiting involved
Objection of theatres expanding
Objection of the inappropriate content and the increase in possibility in crime
Plague spreading
Anyone attending a play would be to fine five shillings

The End of the Globe
At 1660 King Charles II...
reopened the theatres!!!
At 1648...
all playhouses were ordered to be pulled down
At 1644...
the Globe was demolished
At 1642....
under the force of the Puritans, the English Parliament suppressed all stage plays in the theatre
At 1596...
all theatres within London were banned, all theatres in the city were forced to move to the South side of the River Thames
Born and raised in Elizabethan era
Theatre, music, poetry and literature
Age of Exploration

Brief Introduction

Monarch > nobility > gentry > yeomanry > laborers
Laws applied to food, beverages, furniture and jewelry
Helped identify rank and status
Standards of Daily Life

Monarch: Queen Elizabeth and her royal advisors
Nobility: rich knights
Gentry: knights, squires, gentlemen and women
Laborers: poor husbandmen, artisans, shoemakers

Social Hierarchy

For the sake of starting a family
Arranged marriages were common
Wives were properties of their husbands
Shared healthy relationships


Vegetables were cheap and meat were considered a luxury
Only one cooked meal each day for the poverty
Used honey instead of sugar to sweeten their food
Water wasn’t usually clean


Plays used to be religious and based on the Bible
Many tragedies and comedies
For the rich and also schools and universities
No females allowed on stage


Based on old magic and mystical properties of herbs and animals
Fear of the unknown
List of most common superstitions:
Witches were able to fly
Witches were usually a hag
Witches were to live alone
Witches brewed potions over a large cauldron


Famous as a playwright and of his sonnets
Started theatre career as actor around 1592
Called as the greatest playwright in England
Arguments about Shakespeare
Major influence on English literature

Started in 1592
Left home to London for his career
Exceptional case
Reputation of actor is bad
Not much record about roles he played

William Shakespeare the Actor

Famous playwright
First play wrote between 1589-1590
Works divided into four period
Special case during the time

William Shakespeare the Playwright

Sonnets more popular than poems
Started by writing poems
Published first poem 1593
Theme of sonnets – love
Wrote some of his sonnets in 1598
Sonnets can be divide to three categories

William Shakespeare the Poet

Chose to start his career as an actor
Actors – scoundrels and vagrants
Chose to be a playwright
Playwrights – playful authors and non-serious writers
Didn't start as a poet
Poets – well educated and refined
Interesting choice of Shakespeare

Claudio & Hero
Tricked by Don John
Faith in love



Women’s low social status
Good: pure, untouched
Hero’s humiliation
Serious matter


Don John’s trick
Ruin Hero’s reputation
Tear lovers apart
Cause main conflicts

Lies & Deceptions
Friar’s Plan
Hero hides
Claims Hero is dead
Soften others’ hearts


Lies & Deceptions
Beatrice & Benedick
Tricked into falling in love
Hides new relationship


Lies & Deceptions

Writing Style

Mostly in Prose
Large target audience
E.g. Benedick’s Monologue
Serious change

Writing Style

Drunk attitude
Beatrice & Benedick
Never notice love

Writing Style

Actual date still not known
Baptized on April 26, 1564
Accepted birthday: April 23
Accepted birth place: John Shakespeare’s house on Henley Street in Stratford

Shakespeare’s Birth

Attended Stratford Grammar School (later known as the King’s New School of Stratford-upon-Avon) at the age of six
Female wasn’t allowed to receive education at that time
Shakespeare never went to college

Shakespeare’s Education

Mother and Father: John and Mary Shakespeare
Siblings(from eldest to youngest):
1. Joan
2. Magaret
3. Shakespeare
4. Gilbert
5. Joan
6. Anne
7. Richard
8. Edmund

Shakespeare’s Parents and Siblings

Married to Anne Hathaway
Children: 1.Susanna 2.Hamlet and Judith
Said to be homosexual

Shakespeare’s Marriage

Died at the age of 52
Reason remains as a mystery
Curse on grave:
Good friend, for Jesus' sake forebeare
To digg the dust enclosed heare;
Bleste be the man that spares thes stones,
And curst be he that moves my bones

Shakespeare’s Death

Brief Introduction
This can
be no trick!
EXTRA information about the Globe from the tour guide at the Globe
the floor of the Globe
the usage of the balcony above the stage
the price of the different galleries are same
Full transcript