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Copy of Major Learning Theories

Introduction to Play Theories

deb hewitt

on 22 November 2013

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Transcript of Copy of Major Learning Theories

Major Theories of Learning
Play Module
Week 2
Laissez-Faire Views
Constructivist View
Transmission Models of Learning
The Transmission Models relate to
Behaviourist Theory. The main theorists
include Ivan Pavlov (1849-1936)
These views are based on the idea that
children will naturally learn. The theorists
include Noam Chomsky.
Chomsky suggests that humans are
pre-programmed to speech through a
Language Acquisition Devise (LAD).
children use grammar and words they
have never heard, this is because they
are trying out conventions of language.
This view is based on the work of Jean Piaget.
He suggests that children will learn from
their environment when they are ready. He also
suggested, in opposition to the transmission model that children are active in the learning process. Readiness to learn, Piaget suggests has 4
Another Behaviourist was
Burrhus Frederic Skinner 1904/1990)
Sensori-Motor birth to 2 years
The child has basic reflexes and will develop schema like grasping, shaking and hitting - developing skills in relation to their development.
Pre-Operational (2-7 years) child begins symbolic play. Language and literacy skills develop quickly during this period. Children in this stage find it difficult to understand the point of view of others.
Concrete-Operational (7-12 years) The child is developing more logical thought. Begins to understand abstract idea.
Formal Operational (12+ years) Abstract thinking is possible child greater understanding of the perspective of others. It is thought that some adults do not fully complete this stage of development.
Social-Constructivist View
A theorist is Jerome Bruner. He suggests
that a child is predisposed to learning, which
takes place in a sequence of stages.
Enactive - (0-1) learning through doing
Iconic (1-7) developing mental images
Symbolic (7+) uses symbols to transfer thoughts.
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