Send the link below via email or IMCopy
Present to your audienceStart remote presentation
- Invited audience members will follow you as you navigate and present
- People invited to a presentation do not need a Prezi account
- This link expires 10 minutes after you close the presentation
- A maximum of 30 users can follow your presentation
- Learn more about this feature in our knowledge base article
Do you really want to delete this prezi?
Neither you, nor the coeditors you shared it with will be able to recover it again.
Make your likes visible on Facebook?
You can change this under Settings & Account at any time.
The English Subjunctive
Transcript of The English Subjunctive
5) injuctive Definition: Old English:
-2 inflectional endings for subjunctive
-Increase of auxiliary verbs Middle English:
-By 1200's, no distinction between plural subjunctive and indicative Modern English:
-by 18th century, modals primary indicators -"Used to express a wish, hope, uncertainty, or other similar attitudes toward a fact or idea. Since it stresses the subject’s feelings about the fact or idea, it is usually subjective about them.” -Emily Spinelli -Mandative subjunctive-verbs of volition
-to discuss the hypothetical, future events or ideas, or things contrary to reality
-Formality Forms: Present Subjunctive: base form of verb Subjunctive: I recommend that Bill get a massage.
Indicative: Bill gets a massage. Past Subjunctive: were Past: Subjunctive: If I were rich, I could study linguistics all day!
Indicative: If I was (already) rich... Applications: -Contrary-to-fact conditions
-Formulaic Subjunctive-fixed expressions “English speakers tend to use an alternative expression whenever possible, usually with modal verbs (auxiliaries), to avoid the subjunctive in conversation and informal writing.” -Edith R. Farrell & C. Frederick Farrell Jr. Compared to Other Grammatical Categories: -Identical in Infinitive, 2nd person present tense of indicative, and the imperative -Differences:
-Infinitive: lacks 'to' marker
-Indicative: 3rd person singular, be
-Imperative: No explicit subject & is in main clause If-clauses:
-conditional in main clause=past subjunctive in subordinating clause
-future in main clause=present subjunctive in subordinating clause
-conditional/future not needed Name that Subjunctive!! __1. Mandative
(Fixed Expression) a) It's important that you eat your vegetables.
b) María insists (that) Jim make her a sandwich.
c) If I were smarter, I would have gone to bed a long time ago.
d) Whether they be large or small, I love eating truffles. Subjunctive or Indicative: Which is which and why? 1.If he was in class yesterday, he learned it.2.If he was/were in class today, he would be learning it.