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Work-Life Balance

Work Life Balance

Scott Krause

on 25 August 2013

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Transcript of Work-Life Balance

Scott Krause Jr.
Terrence Brown
Jeanine Wernecke
Gina Paige

Work-Life Balance
What are the benefits of compressed work schedule?
Increases productivity
Improves morale & job satisfaction
Reduces employee stress and burnout (R&R)
Increases quality of life (More family time)
Retains employees and value to employees
Reduces turnover (which saves money)
Attracts talented employees (good incentive)
Case Study #1
Improving Employees’ Work-Life Balance in the Construction Industry: Project Alliance Case Study
Alternative work schedule – Compressed work week

-Prevent burnout, work-life conflict, health issues, family dysfunction

-Provide organizational effectiveness and occupational health

Revealed non-supportive work culture created higher levels of work-family conflict

Work-family conflict created less productivity

Construction Industry & Social Work Case Studies
Case Study #2
Work-life Balance: Practitioner Well-Being in the Social Work Education Curriculum

-Work-life balance (WLB)
-Subjective well-being (SWB)
-Life satisfaction (LS)
-Life domains
-Better management of work-life stress and burnout

Child Care

How to prevent:

-Work interfering with family (WIF) (Poms et al, 2009)
-Family interfering with work conflict (FIW) (Poms et al, 2009)

Best Practices:
-Provide work-family policies
-Provide work-family benefit programs
-U.S. employers instituted policies to reduce work/family stress (Banerjee &Perrucci, 2012)
-Supportive workplace culture corresponds to less work/family conflict (Banerjee &Perrucci, 2012).

Work-Life Balance Trends

Labor Force Changes

Creative Challenges for HR

Recession Issues
Even though companies know benefits of W-L initiatives

Short term view is easy cuts can be made in this area

Long-term such moves can be prove to be more costly as organizations lose quality employees

Labor Force Changes
Contact Labor
Diverse Work Force
Creative Challenges for HR
Lifestyle Perks
Workplace Boundaries
Alternatives to pay to keep employees happy


Banerjee, D., Perrucci, C.C. (2012). Employee benefits and policies: Do they make a
difference for work/family conflict? Journal of Social Welfare, 39(3), 133-147.
Retrieved from http://ehis.ebscohost.com.libproxy.chapman.edu/eds/

Fouche, C., Martindale, K. (2011). Work-life balance: Practitioner well-being in the
social work education curriculum. Social Work Education, 30(6), 675-685.

Lingard, H., Brown, K., Bradley, L., Bailey, C., & Townsend, K. (2007). Improving employees’ work-
life balance in the construction industry: Project alliance case study. Journal of Construction
Engineering and Management, 807-815. doi: 10.1061(ASCE)0733-9364(2007)133:10(807)

Poms, L.W., Botsford, W., Kaplan, S.A., Buffardi, L.C., & O’Brien, A.S. (2009). The economic impact of work and family issues: Child care satisfaction and financial considerations of employed mothers. Journal of Occupational Health Psychology 14(4), 402 – 413. doi:10.1037/a0017143

Bianchi, S., & Milkie, M. (2010). Work and Family Research in the First Decade of the 21st Century. Journal Of Marriage & Family, 72(3), 705-725.

Khallash, S., & Kruse, M. (n.d). The future of work and work-life balance 2025. Futures, 44(7), 678-686.
Lewison, J. (2006). The Work/Life Balance Sheet So Far. Journal Of Accountancy, 202(2), 45-49.

Naithani, P. (2010). Overview of Work-Life Balance Discourse and Its Relevance in Current Economic Scenario. Asian Social Science, 6(6), 148-155.

Pink, D. H. (2005). A whole new mind: Why right-brainers will rule the future. New York: Riverhead Books.

Downes, C., & Koekemoer, E. (2011). Work–life balance policies: Challenges and benefits associated with implementing flexitime. SA Journal of Human Resource Management, 9(1), 13 pages. doi:10.4102/sajhrm.v9i1.382

The case study construction project involved upgrading the existing Wivenhoe Damn in Queensland, Australia, to ensure the damn is able to safely manage extreme rainfall events and "any conceivable flood" in the future.
Best Practices
Have Flexibility

Have clearly defined expectations

Be willing to experiment

Be motivated and self-starting

Technology must be available, reliable, and appropriately leveraged

Myth: Telecommuters do not need child care.
Fact: Difficulty in handling work and children at the same time, working
from home is not a substitute for child care.

Case Study
In Theory:
Recommended best practices resulted in positive outcomes for individual and organization

Work-Life Balance Conflicts
Condensed Work Week
Increased Productivity
Increased Physical/ Psychological Well-Being
Involvement in home/family activities
Increased Motivation and Job Commitment

Fun Fact: Sleeping on the job is acceptable in Japan. It is viewed as exhaustion from working hard. Some people fake it to look committed to their job.

Create a Telecommuting Agreement:

•Telecommuter's work schedule
•Probationary period, if applicable
•Work-related items provided by the company
•Company items
•Addressing legal or tax-related issues

Recommended Strategy
Fact: If employees have portable tasks that can be completed at home, they might be candidates for telecommuting one day a week or even one day a month


Employers need to recognize workplace policies and practices

Promote better work-life balance

Implement child-care flex spending benefits

Does voluntary work become insignificant with work-family conflict?

Does work-family conflict only pertain to salary and hourly labor positions?

Compressed Work Week
An arrangement where an employee works the standard number of hours in a one or two week period, but compresses those hours into fewer work days (thus working longer hours on the days the employee is at work).
Original Work Week
58-hour work week
6 days
Five 10-hour days plus an 8-hour day on Saturday
Compressed Work Schedule
57.5-hour work week
5 days
Five 11.5 hour work days
No Weekends
Project Alliance Case Study
“Have enjoyed the five day week—would prefer to put in extra hours during the week if it means having every weekend off.”
“The five day week is fantastic. This is the way the whole industry should operate.”
“I think it is a great thing. Because you can plan things as well having a weekend off, you can go somewhere, even it is only for a night—go Saturday, come back Sunday. And you are still refreshed to go
back to work on Monday”
“I was actually contemplating whether the construction industry was for me. And I was becoming active in seeking other roles. And then the elimination of the Saturday work—really saved that.
Final Thoughts
How do you implement a compressed work schedule?
"The employees’ awareness and knowledge of, and information about, its policy is crucial."
Evaluate its Effectiveness
Clearly state the benefits
Senior Leadership Buy-In
What is the percent of employed parents who experience difficulties combining work and family demands?
Work interferes with family (WIF) contributes to what types of medical problems?
Do women experience more work family conflict than men?
How hits can one expect to receive when searching for work-life balance?
Work-Life Balance
Depression and psychosomatic complaints.
Not related to medical problems are marital problems.
40 million
Gap Analysis
How many days annually is lost by commuting in traffic 68 miles to and from work?
Full transcript