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Transcript of Work-Life Balance
What are the benefits of compressed work schedule?
Improves morale & job satisfaction
Reduces employee stress and burnout (R&R)
Increases quality of life (More family time)
Retains employees and value to employees
Reduces turnover (which saves money)
Attracts talented employees (good incentive)
Case Study #1
Improving Employees’ Work-Life Balance in the Construction Industry: Project Alliance Case Study
Alternative work schedule – Compressed work week
-Prevent burnout, work-life conflict, health issues, family dysfunction
-Provide organizational effectiveness and occupational health
Revealed non-supportive work culture created higher levels of work-family conflict
Work-family conflict created less productivity
Construction Industry & Social Work Case Studies
Case Study #2
Work-life Balance: Practitioner Well-Being in the Social Work Education Curriculum
-Work-life balance (WLB)
-Subjective well-being (SWB)
-Life satisfaction (LS)
-Better management of work-life stress and burnout
How to prevent:
-Work interfering with family (WIF) (Poms et al, 2009)
-Family interfering with work conflict (FIW) (Poms et al, 2009)
-Provide work-family policies
-Provide work-family benefit programs
-U.S. employers instituted policies to reduce work/family stress (Banerjee &Perrucci, 2012)
-Supportive workplace culture corresponds to less work/family conflict (Banerjee &Perrucci, 2012).
Work-Life Balance Trends
Labor Force Changes
Creative Challenges for HR
Even though companies know benefits of W-L initiatives
Short term view is easy cuts can be made in this area
Long-term such moves can be prove to be more costly as organizations lose quality employees
Labor Force Changes
Diverse Work Force
Creative Challenges for HR
Alternatives to pay to keep employees happy
Banerjee, D., Perrucci, C.C. (2012). Employee benefits and policies: Do they make a
difference for work/family conflict? Journal of Social Welfare, 39(3), 133-147.
Retrieved from http://ehis.ebscohost.com.libproxy.chapman.edu/eds/
Fouche, C., Martindale, K. (2011). Work-life balance: Practitioner well-being in the
social work education curriculum. Social Work Education, 30(6), 675-685.
Lingard, H., Brown, K., Bradley, L., Bailey, C., & Townsend, K. (2007). Improving employees’ work-
life balance in the construction industry: Project alliance case study. Journal of Construction
Engineering and Management, 807-815. doi: 10.1061(ASCE)0733-9364(2007)133:10(807)
Poms, L.W., Botsford, W., Kaplan, S.A., Buffardi, L.C., & O’Brien, A.S. (2009). The economic impact of work and family issues: Child care satisfaction and financial considerations of employed mothers. Journal of Occupational Health Psychology 14(4), 402 – 413. doi:10.1037/a0017143
Bianchi, S., & Milkie, M. (2010). Work and Family Research in the First Decade of the 21st Century. Journal Of Marriage & Family, 72(3), 705-725.
Khallash, S., & Kruse, M. (n.d). The future of work and work-life balance 2025. Futures, 44(7), 678-686.
Lewison, J. (2006). The Work/Life Balance Sheet So Far. Journal Of Accountancy, 202(2), 45-49.
Naithani, P. (2010). Overview of Work-Life Balance Discourse and Its Relevance in Current Economic Scenario. Asian Social Science, 6(6), 148-155.
Pink, D. H. (2005). A whole new mind: Why right-brainers will rule the future. New York: Riverhead Books.
Downes, C., & Koekemoer, E. (2011). Work–life balance policies: Challenges and benefits associated with implementing flexitime. SA Journal of Human Resource Management, 9(1), 13 pages. doi:10.4102/sajhrm.v9i1.382
The case study construction project involved upgrading the existing Wivenhoe Damn in Queensland, Australia, to ensure the damn is able to safely manage extreme rainfall events and "any conceivable flood" in the future.
Have clearly defined expectations
Be willing to experiment
Be motivated and self-starting
Technology must be available, reliable, and appropriately leveraged
Myth: Telecommuters do not need child care.
Fact: Difficulty in handling work and children at the same time, working
from home is not a substitute for child care.
Recommended best practices resulted in positive outcomes for individual and organization
Work-Life Balance Conflicts
Condensed Work Week
Increased Physical/ Psychological Well-Being
Involvement in home/family activities
Increased Motivation and Job Commitment
Fun Fact: Sleeping on the job is acceptable in Japan. It is viewed as exhaustion from working hard. Some people fake it to look committed to their job.
Create a Telecommuting Agreement:
•Telecommuter's work schedule
•Probationary period, if applicable
•Work-related items provided by the company
•Addressing legal or tax-related issues
Fact: If employees have portable tasks that can be completed at home, they might be candidates for telecommuting one day a week or even one day a month
Employers need to recognize workplace policies and practices
Promote better work-life balance
Implement child-care flex spending benefits
Does voluntary work become insignificant with work-family conflict?
Does work-family conflict only pertain to salary and hourly labor positions?
Compressed Work Week
An arrangement where an employee works the standard number of hours in a one or two week period, but compresses those hours into fewer work days (thus working longer hours on the days the employee is at work).
Original Work Week
58-hour work week
Five 10-hour days plus an 8-hour day on Saturday
Compressed Work Schedule
57.5-hour work week
Five 11.5 hour work days
Project Alliance Case Study
“Have enjoyed the five day week—would prefer to put in extra hours during the week if it means having every weekend off.”
“The five day week is fantastic. This is the way the whole industry should operate.”
“I think it is a great thing. Because you can plan things as well having a weekend off, you can go somewhere, even it is only for a night—go Saturday, come back Sunday. And you are still refreshed to go
back to work on Monday”
“I was actually contemplating whether the construction industry was for me. And I was becoming active in seeking other roles. And then the elimination of the Saturday work—really saved that.
How do you implement a compressed work schedule?
"The employees’ awareness and knowledge of, and information about, its policy is crucial."
Evaluate its Effectiveness
Clearly state the benefits
Senior Leadership Buy-In
What is the percent of employed parents who experience difficulties combining work and family demands?
Work interferes with family (WIF) contributes to what types of medical problems?
Do women experience more work family conflict than men?
How hits can one expect to receive when searching for work-life balance?
Depression and psychosomatic complaints.
Not related to medical problems are marital problems.
How many days annually is lost by commuting in traffic 68 miles to and from work?